English File Intermediate

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Question Answer
aubergine
You need an aubergine for this pasta dish.]
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bakłażan
baked
I had a baked potato with tuna for my lunch.
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pieczone
beans
These beans are overcooked.
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fasola
beef
We always eat roast beef on Sundays.
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wołowina
beetroot
I always put beetroot in my salads.
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burak
boiled
I like to have boiled eggs for breakfast.
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gotowane
cabbage
I don’t like the taste of cabbage.
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Kapusta
cherries
Cherries are really delicious.
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czereśnie
chicken
Chicken is a low-fat meat.
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Kurczak
courgette
I used a courgette in this recipe.
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cukinia
crab
Can I have a crab sandwich please?
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Krab
cucumber
I don’t like the taste of cucumber.
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ogórek
duck
I love duck with orange sauce.
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Kaczka
egg
I had a fried egg for breakfast.
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jajko
fish
I love oily fish like salmon.
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ryby
fried
Fried bread is too oily for me.
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smażone
fruit
You should eat some fresh fruit every day.
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owoce
grapes
Do you prefer red or green grapes?
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winogrona
grilled
I would like the grilled steak please.
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grillowane
lamb
I always order a lamb curry at that Indian restaurant.
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Jagnięcina
lemon
I always like to have some lemon with my fish.
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lemon
mango
Is there any mango in this fruit salad?
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mango
meat
My sister doesn’t eat meat because she’s a vegetarian.
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Mięso
melon
This melon isn’t sweet enough.
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melon
mussels
We had some delicious mussels and chips in Belgium.
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małże
peach
I would like a peach for dessert
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brzoskwinia
please.
pear
Would you like a pear or an apple?
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gruszka
pepper
We need one red pepper and one onion.
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pieprz
pork
Many people do not eat pork in Morocco.
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wieprzowina
prawns
We had prawns with lemon juice and garlic.
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krewetki
raspberries
We had raspberries and ice cream.
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maliny
roast
We always have roast potatoes on Sundays.
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pieczeń
salmon
Oily fish like salmon is very good for you.
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łosoś
seafood
My mum loves seafood
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owoce morza
especially prawns and mussels.
squid
I ordered fried squid for my starter.
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kalmary
steamed
Steamed vegetables are very healthy.
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gotowane na parze
tuna
I made a tuna salad for my dinner.
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tuńczyka
vegetable
Is an avocado a fruit or a vegetable?
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warzyw
ambitious
Paul is really ambitious and is studying very hard at school.
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ambitny
anxious
My sister is very anxious and is always stressed.
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niespokojny
attractive
Darren’s new girlfriend is really attractive.
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atrakcyjne
bad-tempered
Our neighbour is bad-tempered so I don’t like talking to him.
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złe usposobienie
bossy
My husband is very bossy and is always telling me what to do.
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apodyktyczny
charming
Nicola’s new boyfriend is charming and friendly.
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Uroczy
clever
My sister is really clever and wants to study medicine.
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sprytny
competitive
I don’t like playing football with Jason – he’s too competitive!
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konkurencyjna
dishonest
I think Jenny is being dishonest about her past.
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nieuczciwi
disorganized
Our secretary is so disorganized – we never know when meetings are booked.
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chaotyczna
friendly
Our new neighbour is really friendly.
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przyjazny
generous
Diane is always buying me presents – she’s so generous.
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hojny
hard-working
Mary is a hard-working person so I’m sure she will pass her exams.
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pracowity
honest
Wendy is so honest – she always tells the truth.
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Szczerze mówiąc
imaginative
My daughter is really imaginative and is always writing stories.
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wyobraźnią
immature
He’s nearly 26 now but he’s still so immature.
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niedojrzałe
impatient
Megan always wants things right now – she’s so impatient.
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niecierpliwi
independent
Karen lives on her own because she likes to be independent.
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niezależne
insecure
Stuart is really insecure about the way he looks.
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niepewnie
insensitive
She asked him about his divorce which I think was very insensitive.
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niewrażliwe
irresponsible
I don’t want you to go out with Vanessa tonight – she’s too irresponsible.
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nieodpowiedzialne
jealous
Louise is really jealous of Pete because he has a great job.
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zazdrosny,
kind
My wife is really kind – she’s always doing things for other people.
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rodzaj
lazy
Ian never does any housework – he’s so lazy.
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leniwy
mature
She’s only twelve but she’s very mature for her age.
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dojrzałe
mean
My sister never shares her things – she’s really mean.
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Średnie
moody
Our teenage son is always moody and bad-tempered.
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nastrojowy
obey
You should obey your parents.
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posłuszni
offend
You should try not to offend people.
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obrazić
opinion
What’s your opinion of the new government?
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Opinia
organized
Our administrator is really organized.
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zorganizowana
outgoing
James is really outgoing and has many friends.
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wychodzące
patient
You need to be patient if you want to be a driving instructor.
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pacjent
quiet
Anna is so quiet – it’s really hard to talk to her.
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cichy
rebellious
Julie is really rebellious and never does what her parents tell her to do.
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buntowniczy
reliable
Ken is not very reliable – he’s always late.
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niezawodny
responsible
Our son is very responsible and hard-working.
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odpowiedzialny
self-confident
She’s a very self-confident and sociable child.
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pewny siebie
selfish
Jane is really selfish and only ever thinks of herself.
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samolubna
sensible
Our teenage daughter is really sensible so we can trust her.
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sensowne
sensitive
Helen is always crying – she’s really sensitive.
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wrażliwe
shy
I’m really shy and find it hard to meet new people.
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nieśmiały
sociable
Jack’s really sociable and has lots of friends.
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towarzyski
spoilt
Rachel is so spoilt – her parents are always giving her money.
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zepsute
stubborn
My dad is really stubborn and never changes his mind.
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uparta
stupid
My parents think that all my friends are stupid.
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głupi
talkative
Lucy is very talkative – we chatted for hours.
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rozmowny
tidy
Harry is really tidy so his house always looks great.
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uporządkowane
unambitious
I was unambitious when I was young so I didn’t study much.
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ambicji
unfriendly
I met our new boss this morning and he was really unfriendly.
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nieprzyjazny
unimaginative
The children’s story was boring and unimaginative.
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niewyszukane
unkind
Don’t be unkind to your poor brother.
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niemiły
unreliable
I’m not going to ask Colin for help because he is really unreliable.
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niewiarygodne
unselfish
Adam is really unselfish and always thinks of others.
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bezinteresowny
unsociable
Chris never comes out with us – he’s really unsociable.
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nietowarzyski
untidy
Jim is very untidy – his bedroom is a real mess.
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nieporządny
adult
I think I became an adult when I left home.
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dorosły
arrangement
Have you made an arrangement for tomorrow morning?
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układ
attention
I didn’t get as much attention as my brother when we were children.
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uwaga
bedcovers
I hid from my sister under the bedcovers.
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poszewki
boarding school
I was sent away to boarding school when I was eleven.
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szkoła z internatem
carbohydrates
Rice is an important source of carbohydrates.
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węglowodany
childhood
I had a happy childhood.
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dzieciństwo
close family
Do you think you have a close family?
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bliska rodzina
decline
The results show a decline in traditional family structures.
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spadek (np. cen)
depressed
After he lost his job he became really depressed.
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załamany
emotional
She’s really emotional and often cries.
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emocjonalny
extended family
I have a big extended family
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dalsza rodzina
including eighteen cousins!
extrovert
My dad is a real extrovert and loves meeting new people.
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ekstrawertyczny
fight
My brother always wants to fight with me.
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walka
fresh
I bought some wonderful fresh fish today.
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świeży
frozen
Have we got any frozen vegetables?
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zamarznięty / zamarznięta
gang
I’m not comfortable with being one of a gang.
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gang
gathering
My parents have arranged a family gathering.
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zebranie
immediate family
How many people are there in your immediate family?
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najbliższa rodzina
innocent
My sister hit me but my mum thought she was innocent.
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niewinny
intention
His intention is to study hard and go to university.
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intencja / zamiar
low-fat
Would you like a low-fat yoghurt?
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o niskiej zawartości tłuszczu
mood
Don’t talk to Barry today because he’s in a bad mood.
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nastrój
newborn
That newborn baby is so tiny.
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nowo narodzony
no wonder
My parents were always nicer to me so no wonder my sister hated me.
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nic dziwnego,
only child
I don’t have any brothers or sisters – I’m an only child.
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tylko dziecko
prediction
His prediction is that people will holiday in space in the near future.
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przepowiednia
promise
I made a promise to my father that I would look after my mother when he died.
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obietnica
protein
Meat is a good source of protein.
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białko / proteina
raw
I hate the taste of raw onions.
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surowy
relative
I’m my mother’s closest relative.
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krewny
relaxed
My mother is really relaxed and never gets stressed.
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zrelaksowany
rivalry
There was a lot of rivalry between me and my sister when we were younger.
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rywalizacja
share
I share a lot of hobbies with my sister.
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akcja
unselfish
Adam is really unselfish and always thinks of others.
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bezinteresowny
unsociable
Chris never comes out with us – he’s really unsociable.
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nietowarzyski
untidy
Jim is very untidy – his bedroom is a real mess.
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nieporządny
adult
I think I became an adult when I left home.
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dorosły
arrangement
Have you made an arrangement for tomorrow morning?
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układ
attention
I didn’t get as much attention as my brother when we were children.
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uwaga
bedcovers
I hid from my sister under the bedcovers.
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poszewki
boarding school
I was sent away to boarding school when I was eleven.
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szkoła z internatem
carbohydrates
Rice is an important source of carbohydrates.
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węglowodany
childhood
I had a happy childhood.
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dzieciństwo
close family
Do you think you have a close family?
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bliska rodzina
decline
The results show a decline in traditional family structures.
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spadek (np. cen)
depressed
After he lost his job he became really depressed.
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załamany
emotional
She’s really emotional and often cries.
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emocjonalny
extended family n
I have a big extended family
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dalsza rodzina n
including eighteen cousins!
extrovert
My dad is a real extrovert and loves meeting new people.
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ekstrawertyczny
fight
My brother always wants to fight with me.
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walka
fresh
I bought some wonderful fresh fish today.
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świeży
frozen
Have we got any frozen vegetables?
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zamarznięty / zamarznięta
gang
I’m not comfortable with being one of a gang.
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gang
gathering
My parents have arranged a family gathering.
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zebranie
immediate family
How many people are there in your immediate family?
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najbliższa rodzina
innocent
My sister hit me but my mum thought she was innocent.
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niewinny
intention
His intention is to study hard and go to university.
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intencja / zamiar
low-fat
Would you like a low-fat yoghurt?
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o niskiej zawartości tłuszczu
mood
Don’t talk to Barry today because he’s in a bad mood.
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nastrój
newborn
That newborn baby is so tiny.
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nowo narodzony
no wonder
My parents were always nicer to me so no wonder my sister hated me.
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nic dziwnego,
only child
I don’t have any brothers or sisters – I’m an only child.
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tylko dziecko
prediction
His prediction is that people will holiday in space in the near future.
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przepowiednia
promise
I made a promise to my father that I would look after my mother when he died.
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obietnica
protein
Meat is a good source of protein.
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białko / proteina
raw
I hate the taste of raw onions.
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surowy
relative
I’m my mother’s closest relative.
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krewny
relaxed
My mother is really relaxed and never gets stressed.
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zrelaksowany
rivalry
There was a lot of rivalry between me and my sister when we were younger.
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rywalizacja
share
I share a lot of hobbies with my sister.
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akcja
sick
He’s been off sick for two weeks.
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chory
spicy
I love spicy Thai curries.
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pikantny, przyprawiony
stressed
Richard works too hard and is always stressed.
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Podkreślił,
suffocate
I remember my brother trying to suffocate me under the bedcovers.
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dusić
tension
There was always a lot of tension in our house – our parents always argued.
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napięcie
value
Now that I am older I really value my parents.
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wartość
afford
Can you afford to buy a new car?
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pozwolić sobie
alternative therapy
Have you tried alternative therapy
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Terapia alternatywna
like hypnotherapy?
argue
My parents always argue but they will never get divorced.
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spierać się
aware
Are you aware that you are your aunt’s only relative?
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świadomy
cake
I made a chocolate cake for my girlfriend’s birthday.
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tort
carton
Can you get me a carton of orange juice?
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karton
charge
My parents charge me rent to live in their house.
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oskarżenie
chef
My brother is a chef in an Italian restaurant.
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szef kuchni
chocolate
They give their clients free chocolate at the end of the night.
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cukierek czekoladowy
concentration
Blueberries can improve concentration by up to 20 per cent.
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stężenie
container
This is a plastic container for pasta.
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opakowanie
creamy
We ordered pasta in a creamy sauce.
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kremowy
cuisine
I love Indian cuisine.
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Kuchnia
cure
I want to find a cure for my headaches.
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lekarstwo
cut down on
I need to cut down on sugar and fat to lose weight.
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obniżyć
decision
Have you made a decision about your holiday yet?
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decyzja
dramatic
The results of the experiment were dramatic with a 60 per cent reduction in violent crimes.
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dramatyczny
efficiently
Food that is high in protein helps your brain to work more efficiently.
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efektywnie
endorphins
Your brain releases endorphins when you eat chocolate and this makes you feel good.
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endorfiny
expert
My aunt is an expert on Victorian literature.
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ekspert
feel a bit down
I always feel a bit down when we come home after a holiday.
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czuć się nieco w dół
focused
After my morning coffee I feel really focused.
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koncentruje
food supplement
I take a food supplement every day.
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suplement diety
jar
Can you pass me that jar of strawberry jam?
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słoik
margarine
Do you prefer butter or margarine?
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margaryna
meeting
I have a meeting with my boss at 10.00 a.m.
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spotkanie
mushroom
I’ll have a ham and mushroom pizza
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grzyb
please.
nightclub
We went to a nightclub until 2.00 a.m.
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klub nocny
prosciutto
Prosciutto is an Italian ham.
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prosciutto
public holiday
It’s a public holiday on Monday so we won’t go to work.
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dzień wolny od pracy
salt
Don’t put too much salt on your dinner.
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sól
sausage
Would you like a sausage or a burger?
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kiełbaska
steak
I ordered steak and chips at the restaurant.
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befsztyk
sugar
I always have sugar in my coffee.
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cukier
takeaway
We ordered a takeaway pizza.
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jedzenie na wynos
tinned
I don’t like the taste of tinned tuna.
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cynowany
violence
Late night violence can be a problem in some towns.
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przemoc
vitamin
There is a lot of vitamin C in oranges.
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witamina
weapon
Chocolate could become a secret weapon in the fight against crime.
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broń
live on
If I lose my job
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być nadal żywym
I’ll have no money to live on.
loan
I need a loan from the bank to start my own business.
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pożyczka
mortgage
The bank gave me a mortgage so that I could buy a house.
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kredyt, zastaw hipoteczny
note
I left a £20 note on my desk.
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nuta
owe
You owe me £10.
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zawdzięczać
pay back
I pay back £50 of the loan to the bank every month.
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spłacić
raise
How much money did you raise for the school?
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podnieść
salary
Lawyers get a good salary.
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pensja
save
I try to save some money every month.
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oszczędzać
take out
I never take out more than £50 at a cash machine.
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wyjąć
tax
How much tax do you have to pay every month?
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opodatkowanie
waste
Don’t waste your money on things you don’t need.
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odpady
worth
How much is your house worth?
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o wartości
amazed
I was amazed to hear that Bob is getting married.
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zadziwiony
boiling
It’s boiling at the moment – 34 degrees Celsius!
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wrzący
boutique
She works in a designer clothes boutique.
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butik
broke
I was always broke when I was a student.
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bez grosza
cheque
I wrote a cheque for £300.
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czek
consecutive
She ran three consecutive marathons in 23 hours and 50 minutes.
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kolejny
contract
We signed the contract.
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umowa
current
I had to paddle against the current.
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obecny
delicious
The food was delicious.
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pyszny
delighted
My parents are delighted that I’m getting married.
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zachwycony
dyslexia
My son can’t read very well because he has dyslexia.
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dysleksja
enormous
His house is enormous and has six bedrooms.
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olbrzymi
exhausted
I was exhausted after the race.
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wyczerpany / padnięty
exhaustion
I suffered from heat exhaustion.
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wyczerpanie
fantastic
I’ve had a fantastic time here.
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fantastyczny
figures
He calculated figures in his head.
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Liczby
filthy
John’s kitchen is filthy.
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brudny
freezing
The sea was freezing so we didn’t swim.
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lodowaty
furious
Maria is furious that you didn’t invite her to your birthday party.
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wściekły
gamble
Starting my own business was a bit of a gamble.
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hazard
go on sale
When will his new book go on sale?
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do sprzedaży
hilarious
The film was hilarious – we laughed so much.
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przezabawny
humidity
The humidity here is 80 per cent in the summer.
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wilgoć
infested
The river is infested with crocodiles.
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Zainfekowany
inspire
I’ve been listening to power ballads to inspire me.
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inspirować
kayak
Why did you agree to kayak down the Amazon?
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kajak
make money
I want to make money from my paintings.
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zarabiać pieniądze
millionaire
Jeff became a millionaire
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milioner
but lost most of his money.
paddle
We used a wooden paddle to move the boat.
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wiosło
positive
Did you have a positive experience when you went abroad?
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pozytywny
put aside
Every week
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odkładać
I put aside some money for a holiday.
recession
Our business lost a lot of money during the recession.
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recesja
risky
This is a very risky trip.
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ryzykowny
sponsor
She asked me to sponsor her for a charity programme.
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sponsor
starving
I was starving when I came home from school.
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głodujący
suffer
I really suffer in hot weather.
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ucierpieć
target
100 kms per day is my target.
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cel
terrified
Are there any animals that you’re terrified of?
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przerażony
tiny
My flat is really tiny with only two rooms.
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drobny
afford
I can’t afford to go on holiday this year.
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pozwolić sobie
bank account
How much money do you have in your bank account?
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konto bankowe
bill
The electricity bill came through the post today.
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projekt ustawy
borrow
Can I borrow some money please?
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pożyczat od kogoś
cash machine
I took £30 out of the cash machine.
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bankomat
charge
How much do you charge for a haircut?
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oskarżenie
coin
I found a 10p coin on the pavement.
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moneta
cost
These shoes cost £70.
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kosztować
credit card
The payment had been taken from my credit card.
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karta kredytowa
debt
I had a lot of debt when I left university.
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dług
earn
How much do doctors earn in your country?
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zarabiać
inherit
She will inherit a lot of money when her parents die.
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dziedziczyć
invest
You should invest some money in the stock market.
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inwestować
lend
Can you lend me £30 until tomorrow?
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pożyczać komuś
live off
I have to live off my parents while I’m at university.
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żyć
ache
I have an ache in my right arm from playing tennis.
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ból
ashamed
He felt so ashamed that he couldn’t read.
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zawstydzony
bandaged
He came to work with a bandaged head.
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bandażach
best-seller
His autobiography became a best-seller.
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bestseller
burst into tears
When I finished the race I burst into tears.
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rozpłakała się
charity
My sister works for a children’s charity and helps them to raise money.
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jałmużna
consumer society
We live in a consumer society where people want new things all the time.
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społeczeństwo konsumpcyjne
cynical
I’m always very cynical about our government – I never think their decisions are good.
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cyniczny
door-to-door
I went door-to-door trying to sell insurance.
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od drzwi do drzwi
drive someone mad
My parents drive me mad with their arguing!
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jechać ktoś szalony
employ
We employ a gardener who comes once a week.
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zatrudniać
fee
My lawyer has an hourly fee of £150!
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wynagrodzenie
foot the bill
My children use the phone all the time but I foot the bill.
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wybulić forsę
ghost writer
She used a ghost writer to help her write her autobiography.
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Autor widmo
good cause
I want to run a marathon and make money for a good cause.
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dobry przyczyną
gorilla
I saw a big gorilla at the zoo.
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goryl
instalment
I paid back the first instalment on my loan.
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rata
instinctively
He instinctively knew what people wanted.
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instynktownie
interest
How much interest do you pay on your credit card?
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oprocentowanie
lorry
A big red lorry parked outside our house.
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samochód ciężarowy
mechanic
I had to pay the mechanic £100 to repair my car.
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mechanik
melted
There was melted chocolate at the bottom of my bag.
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stopiony
presenter
I want to be a TV presenter when I grow up.
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spiker
prize
I won first prize in the competition.
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nagroda
proud
I was so proud of my son when he passed his exams.
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dumny
rough idea
I usually have a rough idea about what I spend my money on.
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grubsza
salesman
My brother is a used car salesman.
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sprzedawca
scam
That email saying we had won some money was a scam.
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oszustwo
shopping spree
I always go on a shopping spree when I get my monthly salary.
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Shopping Spree
store
He works in a grocery store.
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sklep
surface
I can see my reflection in the surface of the water.
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powierzchnia
tape
My fingers are bandaged with white tape.
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taśma
avoid
Try to avoid the motorway because there is a huge traffic jam at the moment.
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uniknąć
bus stop
You can buy a ticket at the bus stop.
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przystanek autobusowy
car crash
I broke my leg in a car crash last month.
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wypadek samochodowy
carriage
My seat is in carriage F.
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wagon
child seat
You should buy a child seat for your car.
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fotelik dla dziecka
coach
We went on a coach to France.
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autokar
cross
What’s the quickest way to cross a busy city?
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sierpowy
cycle lane
It’s safer to use a cycle lane when you’re on your bike.
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ścieżki rowerowe
end up
People end up multitasking
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kończy się
which can make them even more stressed.
get stuck
I always get stuck in traffic on my way to work.
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utknąć
go over
Don’t go over the speed limit.
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przejrzeć
lorry
My brother drives a lorry.
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samochód ciężarowy
motorway
The speed limit is 70 miles per hour on the motorway in the UK.
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autostrada
parking fine
I left my car on double yellow lines and I got a parking fine.
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Parking dobrze
pedestrian crossing
Children should always use a pedestrian crossing.
start learning
przejście dla pieszych
petrol station
I stopped at a petrol station to fill up the car.
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stacja benzynowa
platform
The train leaves from this platform.
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peron
roadworks
Roadworks are starting on this road next week so traffic will be bad.
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roboty drogowe
run out
What will we do if we run out of petrol?
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wybiec
rush hour
The traffic is always bad in rush hour.
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godziny szczytu
scooter
My daughter uses her scooter to get to work.
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hulajnoga
seat belt
You must wear a seat belt in cars in this country.
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pas bezpieczeństwa
set off
We set off early to avoid the traffic.
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wyruszył
speed camera
There’s a speed camera over there so don’t drive too fast.
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fotoradarów
speed limit
What’s the speed limit on this road?
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ograniczenie prędkości
taxi rank
There’s a taxi rank outside the station.
start learning
postój taksówek
traffic jam
Sorry I’m late – there was a terrible traffic jam.
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korek
traffic lights
Turn right after the traffic lights.
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światła drogowe
tram
I go to work by tram.
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tramwaj
Underground
I use the London Underground every day.
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Underground
van
My uncle is a builder and he has his own van.
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furgonetka
watch / look out!
Look out! You’re going to crash!
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oglądać / uważaj!
zebra crossing
It’s safest to cross the road at the zebra crossing.
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przejście dla pieszych
afraid of
I’m afraid of spiders.
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boi
angry with
Are you still angry with me?
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zły
apologize to
You should apologize to your sister for breaking her hairdryer.
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przepraszam
argue with
I always argue with my parents about when I have to be home at night.
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spierać się z
arrive at
We arrive at Heathrow at 10.30 a.m.
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dojechać
arrive in
What time do you arrive in London?
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przyjeździe
ask for
I want to ask for some help with my homework.
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prosić
belong to
Who does this jacket belong to?
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należą do
choose between
You have to choose between these two dresses.
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wybrać
close to
I’m very close to my mum and we speak on the phone every day.
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blisko
depend on
I might go to university next year – it will depend on my exam results.
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zależeć
different from
This house is very different from your last one.
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różni się od
dream about
Do you often dream about work?
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marzyć o
excited about
Are you excited about your holiday?
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podekscytowany
famous for
What’s your hometown famous for?
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znana
fed up of
I’m fed up of tidying away your clothes all the time.
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fed up
fond of
I’m really fond of my niece – she’s so sweet.
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lubiący
frightened of
Are you frightened of heights?
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przerażony
good at
I’m really good at maths but I’m useless at history.
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dobry w
good for
Doing some exercise every day is good for you.
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dobre dla
interested in
I’m really interested in history.
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zainteresowany
keen on
I’m keen on football so I watch it most weekends.
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chętnie
kind to
Please be kind to your little brother.
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uprzejmy
laugh at
Don’t laugh at me when I’m talking.
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śmiać się
look forward to
I look forward to seeing you next week.
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oczekiwać
married to
How long have you been married to your wife?
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żonaty
pay for
How much did you pay for that car?
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płacić za
pleased about
Are you pleased about the new tax system?
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zadowolony
proud of
I’m really proud of my nephew as he’s now a doctor.
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dumny
remind me to
Can you remind me to call your grandma tomorrow?
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Przypomnij mi
rude to
Don’t be rude to your father!
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niegrzeczne
scared of
I’m scared of the dark.
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boi
spend money on
I like to spend money on good quality food.
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wydawać pieniądze na
tired of
I’m tired of working – I need to have a rest.
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zmęczony
worried about
I’m worried about Jody – she seems really depressed.
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martwi
according to
According to the article
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według
women are better at multitasking.
adventure
I want an adventure so let’s go travelling together.
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przygoda
ahead of
The car was ahead of the bike.
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przed
almost
I can talk to my wife about almost anything.
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prawie
choke
Try not to choke on that apple.
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dławić
claim
They claim that women use more words than men.
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roszczenie
confusing
The map was confusing and we got lost.
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mylące
crash
He was very careful not to crash into any buses.
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załamanie (na giełdzie)
credible
I don’t think this research is very credible so I don’t trust the findings.
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wiarygodny
fit
They want to fit me with a hearing aid.
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wysportowany
generally
that women are more talkative than men?
Do you think
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generalnie
generally speaking
gossip
Have you got any gossip to share?
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plotkowanie
gossip
She likes to gossip with her friends over coffee.
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plotkowanie
hardly
We hardly ever go to the cinema any more.
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prawie nie
in fact
we don’t even have takeaways any more.
We don’t eat out much
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w rzeczywistości
in fact
manual
I need a training manual on how to bring up children.
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ręczny
multitask
Do you think women can multitask better than men?
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wielozadaniowe
permit
Do you have a permit to park here?
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zezwolenie
race
I won the race.
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bieg
range
There is a wide range of products to choose from.
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kuchenka
reach
When do you think you will reach the station?
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dotrzeć
recorder
They attached a recorder to them to monitor their conversations.
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protokolant
reduce
Laughing can reduce stress.
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zredukować
route
Which is the best route to the station?
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trasa
rush
I was late so I had to rush to school.
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pośpiech
sceptical
They are sceptical of the belief that women use three times as many words as men.
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sceptyczny
slightly
Men only use slightly fewer words than women.
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trochę
stereotype
The stereotype of British people is that they always talk about the weather.
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stereotyp
stereotype
They stereotype women as being better at looking after children.
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stereotyp
stick
Men usually stick to one subject for longer when they chat.
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patyk
stuck
I was stuck in traffic for over an hour this morning.
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zatrzymany
swap
We like to get together and swap opinions.
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zamiana
talk about
I like to talk about politics with my friends.
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mówić o
talkative
Anthony is talkative but he doesn’t really listen.
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gadatliwy
tend
Women tend to gossip more than men.
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zmierzać
turn around
You should turn around because you’re going the wrong way.
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odwracać się
turn red
When the lights turn red you have to stop.
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zmieni kolor na czerwony
whereas
Women talk about lots of subjects whereas men usually stick to one subject for longer.
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podczas gdy
worse
You should leave now because the traffic is getting worse.
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gorszy
check-in desk
Go straight to the check-in desk when you get to the airport.
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odprawa bagażowa
commando
He was a commando in the British army.
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komandos
do your hair
How long does it take to do your hair?
start learning
Czy Twoje włosy
driving simulator
A British car magazine tested drivers in a driving simulator.
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Symulator jazdy
illegal
Have you ever done something illegal?
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nielegalny
military precision
Getting him ready for school requires military precision.
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wojskową precyzją
mobile
I left my mobile on the bus!
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telefon komórkowy
motorboat
My brother bought a motorboat last weekend.
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motorówka
nickname
Did you have a nickname when you were at school?
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przydomek
one mile
How long does it take you to walk one mile?
start learning
1 mila = 1,6093 km
overground train
You should take the overground train from Waterloo.
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Pociąg naziemnych
penalty
Their best player missed the penalty.
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kara
public transport
I never use public transport because I love driving.
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komunikacja miejska
publish
Will they publish your article in the magazine next month?
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publikować
put make-up on
She needs 20 minutes to put make-up on in the mornings.
start learning
umieścić makijaż na
ring road
You have to drive round the ring road to get to that part of town.
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obwodnica
rucksack
I put my lunch box into my rucksack.
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plecak
satnav
I use my satnav when I go on long journeys.
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nawigacji satelitarnej
series
Top Gear is a very popular TV series.
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seria
silence is golden
I like to spend time in quiet places – silence is golden.
start learning
milczenie jest złotem
sleeping tablet
I took a sleeping tablet to help me sleep last night.
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Tablet spania
stay-at-home dad
I’m a stay-at-home dad and my wife goes out to work.
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stay-at-home taty
the Tube
I hate travelling on the Tube.
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Tube
trivial
My daughter’s friends talk about trivial things like clothes and celebrities.
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trywialny
valuable
My time is valuable so I don’t like to waste it.
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wartościowy / cenny
amazed
I was amazed by our son’s exam results.
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zadziwiony
amazing
The view from our hotel room is amazing.
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zadziwiający
basic phrase
Try to learn some basic phrases before you travel to another country.
start learning
Zwrot podstawowy
bored
I’m bored – let’s do something.
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znudzony
boring
This film is really boring.
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nudny / nudna
busy
I’m afraid the line is busy at the moment.
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tętniące życiem
consequence
What was the consequence of you refusing to help your dad?
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konsekwencja
depressed
She was feeling really depressed so she went to her doctor.
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załamany
depressing
I find winter really depressing.
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przygnębiający
dial
Can you dial the number for me?
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wybierania
disappointed
My parents were disappointed with my exam results.
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rozczarowany
disappointing
My exam results were a bit disappointing.
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rozczarowujący
embarrassed
I was embarrassed when I fell over in the town centre.
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zażenowany
embarrassing
It was really embarrassing when my dad decided to dance at my party.
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żenujący
engaged
I tried to call you but the line was engaged.
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zaręczony
etiquette
Do you know about mobile phone etiquette?
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etykieta
evidence
If at first you don’t succeed destroy all the evidence that you tried.
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materiał dowodowy
excited
I was really excited on the first day of the course.
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podekscytowany
exciting
The action film was really exciting.
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ekscytujący
fabulous
She looks fabulous in that dress!
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fantastyczny
fluently
I can speak Italian fluently.
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płynnie
frightened
I was really frightened when I heard that knocking noise late at night.
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przestraszony
frightening
It’s frightening to walk through the woods at night.
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przerażający
frustrated
I’m really frustrated by our new camera.
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sfrustrowany
frustrating
Using this website is really frustrating.
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denerwujący
hang up
Don’t hang up until you’ve heard what I want to say.
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odkładać słuchawkę
instant messaging
I use instant messaging to chat to my friends.
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komunikatory
language barrier
When we moved to China my biggest problem was the language barrier.
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Bariera językowa
leave a message
Please leave a message after the beep.
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zostawić wiadomość
link
I have a strong personal link to Greece because of my mother.
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link
manners
Saying please and thank you shows that you have good manners.
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wychowanie
more exceptions than rules
There seem to be more exceptions than rules in Russian grammar.
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więcej wyjątków niż reguł
multilingual
He’s multilingual – he speaks eight languages.
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wielojęzyczny
quiet zone
This is a quiet zone – so please turn off your mobile.
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cicha strefa
scene
I love the car chase scene in the latest James Bond film.
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scena
screen saver
I have a picture of my children as my screen saver.
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wygaszacz ekranu
silent mode
I switched my phone to silent mode during the meeting.
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tryb cichy
skill
She has a real skill for languages.
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zręczność
tired
I’m really tired so I’m going to bed.
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zmęczony
tiring
Swimming in the sea is really tiring.
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męczący
vibrate mode
Your phone should be switched to vibrate mode at the cinema.
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tryb wibracji
voicemail
Leave a message on my voicemail.
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poczty głosowej
accompany
Can I accompany you to the bus stop?
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towarzyszyć
Afrikaans
He lives in South Africa and speaks Afrikaans.
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Afrikaans
app
Have you seen the latest app for counting calories?
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aplikacja
appropriate
Do you think your behaviour is appropriate?
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odpowiedni / odpowiednia
calm
You seem very calm about your driving test.
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opanowany
Catalan
They speak Catalan and Spanish in Barcelona.
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Kataloński
charming
She was a very charming woman and we all liked her immediately.
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czarujący / uroczy
criticize
You should never criticize her cooking.
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krytykować
declare
You should not declare what you will and will not eat.
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deklarować
deserve
People with you deserve more attention than those at the end of the phone.
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zasłużyć
dishonest
Don’t be dishonest about how much money you have spent.
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nielojalny
doubt
I doubt that he’ll get good exam results because he is really lazy.
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wątpliwość
excursion
We went on a diving excursion the next day.
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wycieczka
face-to-face
I would like to speak to you about this face-to-face and not on the phone.
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twarzą w twarz
finals
I’m studying hard for my finals at the moment.
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finały
generate
I didn’t think the competition would generate this amount of media attention.
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generować
Greek
I had to learn the Greek alphabet.
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greka
hands-free
I bought a hands-free set so I can use my phone in the car.
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wolne ręce
Hebrew
I learnt some Hebrew when I was young
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hebrajski
helping
She gave me an enormous helping of lasagne.
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pomoc
instantly
If you learn some basic phrases it instantly shows that you respect the culture and language.
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natychmiast
insulting
The player was sent off for insulting the referee
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obraźliwy
intimate
They had an intimate conversation in a quiet place.
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intymny
invisible
Sometimes I wish I could become invisible.
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niewidzialny
island
He grew up on a small island off the coast of Scotland.
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wyspa
knowledge
I don’t have much knowledge of science I'm afraid.
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wiedza
media attention
The celebrity story received a lot of media attention.
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uwagę mediów
megaphone
Use the megaphone so that everyone can hear you.
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megafon
nasty
Heidi received a nasty email from Carolyn.
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paskudny
Oriental
Oriental languages are really hard for Europeans to learn.
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Orientalny
ought
John just called so you ought to call him back.
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powinien
permission
Don’t post photos of friends without asking their permission.
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zgoda / pozwolenie
reception
The reception is really poor and I can’t hear what you’re saying.
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odbiór programu
robot
I was dancing like a robot!
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robot
Roman
It’s easier for me to learn a language with Roman letters.
start learning
Rzymianin
scuba dive
I want to learn to scuba dive when we go to Spain.
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nurkować
see sense
I hope she will see sense and find a better boyfriend.
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widzieć sens
skydiving
I went skydiving when I was in New Zealand.
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skydiving
snorkelling
I love snorkelling and looking at the fish.
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nurkowanie
stepmother
My father married his girlfriend so I now have a stepmother.
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macocha
tactless
It was tactless to say you didn’t like his new shirt.
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nietaktowny
theory
You need to study the theory to pass the test.
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teoria
tip
My mum gave me a good tip on how to make a delicious pasta sauce.
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napiwek
tune
I still try to dance when I hear a salsa tune.
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melodia
whole
Have you finished the whole cake already?
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cały
You don’t have to shout
You don’t have to shout – I can hear you.
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Nie musisz krzyczeć
You have to keep your phone on
You have to keep your phone on so that I can contact you.
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Musisz zachować swój telefon
You must not use your phone
You must not use your phone in the library.
start learning
Nie wolno używać telefonu
If you must take a call
If you must take a call in the car use a hands-free set.
start learning
Jeśli musisz odebrać telefon
arena
The horse racing competition took place in the arena.
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arena
beat
Arsenal beat Chelsea 2-0.
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bić
captain
Which player is the captain of your team?
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kapitan samolotu
circuit
There is a Formula 1 circuit in Bahrain.
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obieg
coach
My dad is a tennis coach.
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autokar
course
We went round the 18-hole golf course together.
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kurs
court
There’s a tennis court in our local park.
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kort do tenisa
crowd
There was a huge crowd waiting to get into the stadium.
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tłum
draw
We don’t want to draw – we want to win the match.
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remis
eliminate
We will eliminate their team from the competition.
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wyeliminować
fan
I’m a Manchester United fan.
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kibic
get fit
I want to lose weight and get fit before my wedding.
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nabrać formy/kondycji
get injured
Try not to get injured in the football match.
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dostać rannych
gym
I go to the gym every morning for 45 minutes.
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sala gimnastyczna
knock out
Do you think we can knock out their team from the competition?
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nokautować
lose
They accept money to lose matches.
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stracić
pitch
The football pitch was very muddy.
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pak
player
Who is the best player in your team?
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zawodnik / gracz
pool
I dived into the pool.
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bilard
referee
The referee blew his whistle.
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sędzia
send off
I think the referee should send off that player.
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odprawiać
slope
We went really fast down the ski slope.
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stok
spectator
I was a spectator at the Wimbledon men’s final this year.
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kibic, widz
sports hall
You can play basketball in the sports hall.
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hala sportowa
stadium
They built a new stadium for Arsenal a few years ago.
start learning
stadion
tai-chi
I do tai-chi to help me relax.
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tai-chi
team
There are eleven players in a football team.
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drużyna
track
I ran twice around the race track.
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bieżnia
train
How many hours do you train for every day?
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pociąg
umpire
The umpire at the cricket match sent one of the players off the field.
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sędzia
warm up
It’s important to warm up before you do exercise.
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rozgrzewka
win
I really want to win this competition.
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wygrać
work out
I like to work out at the gym three times a week.
start learning
dobrze komuś wychodzić/gimnastykować się
yoga
I teach Ashtanga yoga on Monday evenings.
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joga
be together
I want us to be together forever.
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być razem
become friends
When did you first become friends?
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stają się przyjaciółmi
break up
I find it really hard to break up with someone.
start learning
zerwać
classmate
He’s a classmate of mine – we take maths together.
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kolega z klasy
close friend
Nina is a really close friend of mine.
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bliski przyjaciel / bliska przyjaciółka
colleague
James is a work colleague.
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kolega lub koleżanka z pracy
couple
How long have you and Wendy been a couple?
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para
dump
I’m going to dump my boyfriend this evening.
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wysypisko
ex
I had a text message from my ex yesterday.
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dawny
fall out with
I have a good relationship with my sister – I never fall out with her.
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wypaść z
fancy
Do you fancy anyone in your drama class?
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fantazyjny
fiancé(e)
This is my fiancée Heather.
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narzeczony (e)
flatmate
Kevin is my flatmate.
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współlokator
get in touch
Please get in touch when you are next in town.
start learning
skontaktuje się
get married
I’d like to get married before I’m 30.
start learning
pobrać się
get on
Do you get on with your parents or do they annoy you?
start learning
wsiadać (np. do autobusu)
get to know
I want to get to know you.
start learning
poznać
go out together
How long did you and Nick go out together?
start learning
iść razem
have a crush on
I have a crush on my sister’s best friend.
start learning
mają podkochuje
have something in common
You need to have something in common with your partner if the relationship is going to work.
start learning
mieć coś wspólnego
lose touch
Don’t lose touch – let’s exchange numbers before you move.
start learning
tracą kontakt
mate
Nicola’s not my girlfriend – she’s just a mate.
start learning
kumpel
meet
I find it quite difficult to meet new people.
start learning
spotkać
partner
I live in a small house with my partner.
start learning
wspólnik
propose
I want to propose to my girlfriend tonight.
start learning
zaproponować
romantic
I took her out for a romantic meal.
start learning
romantyczny
split up
When did you split up with Marco?
start learning
zrywać (np. o związku)
audition
The actress was driving to an audition.
start learning
audycja
award
They will award the title to the winner of the race.
start learning
nagroda
barrier
He raised the barrier to let her pass.
start learning
bariera
candle
She lit the candle in her bedroom.
start learning
świeczka
commuter
She was a frequent commuter from London to New York.
start learning
podmiejskich
cute
She thought he was really cute.
start learning
śliczny
exceptionally
Usain Bolt can run exceptionally fast.
start learning
wyjątkowo
exchange a few words
They always exchange a few words when they see each other.
start learning
zamienić kilka słów
fate
I knew it was fate that we didn’t win the game.
start learning
los
find the courage
You need to find the courage to give him your phone number.
start learning
znaleźć odwagę
finish
I want to finish the race in first place.
start learning
wykończenie
lane
The motorway lane that I wanted to drive in was closed.
start learning
pas
likely
Is it likely that you will pass your exams?
start learning
prawdopodobnie
lucky charm
This necklace is my lucky charm.
start learning
talizman
opera
We went to see an Italian opera last night.
start learning
opera (dzieło sztuki)
operator
He was a tollbooth operator.
start learning
operator
plot
What’s the plot of this film?
start learning
fabuła
ritual
He has a special ritual that he does before every match.
start learning
rytuał
run
I want to run a company when I grow up.
start learning
run
shift
I’m working the day shift at the moment.
start learning
zmiana
shoelaces
Did you tie your shoelaces properly?
start learning
sznurowadła
short cut
If you take the short cut you will get there early.
start learning
na skróty
superstition
It’s a superstition that seeing a black cat brings good luck.
start learning
przesąd
superstitious
I’m really superstitious so I hate the number 13.
start learning
przesądny
sweat
I always sweat a lot when I play tennis.
start learning
pot
their eyes met
Their eyes met across a crowded room.
start learning
ich oczy spotkały się
thruway
She came off the thruway and stopped at the tollbooth.
start learning
thruway
title
They took his title away and awarded it to the real winner.
start learning
tytuł
tollbooth
You have to pay money to cross the bridge via the tollbooth.
start learning
Tollbooth
traffic cone
He put a traffic cone in front of his lane.
start learning
stożek ruchu
turn out
Don’t worry – everything will turn out okay.
start learning
okazać się
winner
Who was the winner?
start learning
zwycięzca
anecdote
He told us a really funny anecdote at the party.
start learning
anegdota
celebrity
Have you ever met a celebrity?
start learning
celebryta
cheat
Why did you cheat in your exams?
start learning
oszukać
extra time
There were no goals so the match went to extra time.
start learning
dodatkowy czas
forum
I like to post my comments on a web forum.
start learning
forum
I’m going to tell you about a time when... I’m going to tell you about a time when I was in a dangerous situation.
start learning
Zamierzam opowiedzieć o czasach, kiedy ... mam zamiar opowiedzieć o czasach, gdy byłem w niebezpiecznej sytuacji.
probable
It’s probable that the econo my won't grow in the few months.
start learning
prawdopodobny
protest
You shouldn’t protest against the referee’s decision.
start learning
protest
quarter-finals
We got through to the quarter-finals of the competition.
start learning
ćwierćfinały
recover
How long did it take you to recover from the accident?
start learning
wyzdrowieć
This happened a few years ago...
This happened a few years ago – I was walking my dog when I heard a gun shot.
start learning
Stało się to kilka lat temu...
trophy
I really hope my team wins a trophy this year.
start learning
trofeum
unpopular
Football referees are really unpopular in my country.
start learning
niepopularny
wax
This candle is made of wax.
start learning
wosk
well-paid
Professional footballers are extremely well-paid.
start learning
dobrze płatna
When I was younger...
When I was younger I went to swimming lessons every Saturday.
start learning
Kiedy byłem młodszy...
action film
Have you seen that new action film starring Tom Cruise?
start learning
film akcji
actor
I want to be an actor so I’m studying drama.
start learning
aktor
actress
Angelina Jolie is a famous actress.
start learning
aktorka
adaptation
I loved the recent adaptation of Jane Eyre.
start learning
adaptacja / przystosowanie (się)
audience
There weren’t many people in the audience.
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widzowie
based on
The film is based on a popular novel by Kathryn Stockett.
start learning
na podstawie
be on
When will the new series of Downton Abbey be on?
start learning
być w
animation
My children love the animation Peppa Pig.
start learning
animacja
cast
The film has a very small cast of only five actors.
start learning
obsada
comedy
We saw a great comedy starring Ben Stiller last week.
start learning
komedia
direct
He’s an actor but now he wants to direct a film.
start learning
bezpośredni
drama
I watched an excellent drama that was set during the Second World War.
start learning
dramaturgia
dub
They usually dub American movies into Italian.
start learning
zdubbingować
exciting
The last James Bond film was really exciting.
start learning
ekscytujący
extra
I was an extra in the recent film about Robin Hood.
start learning
statysta
film
What’s your favourite film?
start learning
film
film on location
We want to film on location in India.
start learning
Film na miejscu
funny
That new comedy with Ricky Gervais is really funny.
start learning
zabawny / zabawna
historical film
It was a historical film about the American Civil War.
start learning
film historyczny
horror film
She was in a horror film about vampires.
start learning
horror
movie
They use the word movie not film in America.
start learning
film
moving
That film about the First World War was really moving.
start learning
poruszający
musical
We saw the musical Mamma Mia! in London.
start learning
musical
play the part of
I want to play the part of Juliet in the new film of Romeo and Juliet.
start learning
odgrywać rolę
plot
The plot of the film was very complicated.
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fabuła
review
The film got a really bad review in the papers.
start learning
powtórka
rom-com
I don’t like action films. I prefer watching rom-coms.
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rom-com
scary
I thought that alien film was really scary.
start learning
straszny
scene
I love the scene where they find each other at the train station.
start learning
scena
science fiction film
He loves that science fiction film about aliens coming to earth.
start learning
film science fiction
script
The script was written by an experienced writer.
start learning
scenariusz filmowy
sequel
Will there be a sequel to this film?
start learning
dalszy ciąg
set
They set the film in the Italian Alps.
start learning
plan filmowy
shoot on location
They’re going to shoot on location in Mexico.
start learning
zastrzelić na miejscu
soundtrack
I love the soundtrack to this film and I want to buy the CD.
start learning
ścieżka dźwiękowa
special effects
They spent millions on the special effects in this dinosaur film.
start learning
efekty specjalne
star
Keira Knightley is the star of the film.
start learning
gwiazda
studio
It was filmed in a studio in Hollywood.
start learning
pracownia
subtitles
It’s a French film so it has English subtitles.
start learning
napisy do filmu
thriller
He starred in a thriller about a political scandal in America.
start learning
thriller
translation
The translation of the film from English to Russian took three months.
start learning
tłumaczenie
violent
Children shouldn’t see violent films.
start learning
gwałtowny
war film
We saw a war film set during the Vietnam war.
start learning
film wojenny
western
That actor was in a western recently and he was one of the good guys.
start learning
western
bite
Did that dog just bite you?
start learning
ukąszenie
kick
Kick the ball as far as you can.
start learning
kopnięcie
nod
Nod your head if you want to say yes.
start learning
skinienie
stare
Don’t stare at people – it’s rude.
start learning
gapić
stomach
My stomach hurts because I ate too much.
start learning
brzuch
taste
Taste this cake – it’s delicious.
start learning
smak
teeth
I brush my teeth twice a day.
start learning
zęby
throw
Throw the ball back to Jason.
start learning
rzucać
toes
Can you fit your toes into those pointy shoes?
start learning
palce
tongue
How far can you stick your tongue out?
start learning
ozór
tooth
I broke a tooth on a hard bread roll.
start learning
ząb
touch
If you touch the screen it will open the website.
start learning
dotyk
whistle
I like to whistle a tune while I do the gardening.
start learning
gwizdek
a different side of yourself
You should show your work colleagues a different side of yourself outside of work.
start learning
inna strona siebie
academic
He works in an academic setting.
start learning
akademicki
alley
In films New York is full of secret alleys.
start learning
zaułek
architect
The building was designed by a famous German architect.
start learning
architekt
aristocratic
She comes from a wealthy aristocratic family.
start learning
arystokratyczny
belief
I have a strong belief that we should look after our parents when they get old.
start learning
oparte na wierze zdanie na jakiś temat
capacity
I only use social media in a professional capacity.
start learning
objętość
consultant
I work as a business consultant.
start learning
konsultant
dress up
I like to dress up when we go out for meals.
start learning
stroić się
dye
I want to dye my hair blond.
start learning
barwnik
dyed
She has dyed red hair.
start learning
barwiony
essential
It’s essential to have a good diet if you want to be fit and healthy.
start learning
istotny
exhibition
I want to go to the art exhibition in the town centre.
start learning
ekspozycja
functional
I wear functional clothes not fashionable clothes.
start learning
funkcjonalny
grow up
I don’t really want to grow up so I still live with my parents.
start learning
dorastać/rosnąć
homeless
I gave some money to the homeless man at the train station.
start learning
bezdomny
identify
I identify more with my work role than with my private life.
start learning
zidentyfikować
inhabit
What kind of people inhabit this land?
start learning
zamieszkać
institution
This is a well-known academic institution.
start learning
instytucja
intellectual
My aunt is very intellectual – she thinks deeply about things.
start learning
intelektualny
judge
It’s wrong to judge people by their appearance.
start learning
sędzina
mainly for business or career purposes
Do you use social networking sites mainly for business or career purposes?
start learning
głównie do celów służbowych lub zawodowych
nostalgic
You are nostalgic for your childhood.
start learning
nostalgiczny
nurse
My aunt is a nurse and works in a hospital in London.
start learning
pielęgniarka
photograph
I would like to photograph this wonderful building.
start learning
fotografia
respectable
The area is a home for respectable businesses.
start learning
porządny
response
What kind of response did you get to your email?
start learning
odpowiedź
servant
My great-grandmother was a servant at Buckingham Palace.
start learning
sługa
setting
The castle was used as a setting for several films.
start learning
Ustawienie
spectacular
The building has a spectacular tower.
start learning
widowiskowy
take yourself too seriously
You take yourself too seriously – you should relax a bit.
start learning
brać siebie zbyt poważnie
transform
They want to transform this area into a shopping centre.
start learning
przekształcać
webcam
I use a webcam to communicate with my friends in New Zealand.
start learning
webcam
welcome
We will welcome you here whenever you want to visit.
start learning
witaj, witajcie
well-known person
He’s a very well-known person – he’s on the radio.
start learning
znana osoba
wounded
This was a hospital for wounded soldiers.
start learning
ranny
young and carefree
When I was a student I was young and carefree.
start learning
młody i beztroski
your other half
Where did you first meet your other half?
start learning
Twoja druga połowa
caricature
The artist drew a caricature of me.
start learning
karykatura
class
My parents are from the working class.
start learning
klasa (grupa ludzi)
dominant
That lion looks really aggressive and dominant.
start learning
dominujący
escapist
I’m a bit of an escapist because I like to avoid boring things.
start learning
escapist
gangster
My uncle was a gangster in Chicago.
start learning
gangster
go viral
you think this video clip will go viral?
start learning
do wirusowego
ID card
Do you have to carry an ID card in your country?
start learning
Legitymacja
interpreter
They used an interpreter in the meeting to translate Russian into English.
start learning
tłumacz ustny
metropolis
New York City is a giant metropolis.
start learning
metropolia
pen-name
The Brontë sisters all used a pen-name to hide the fact that they were women.
start learning
pseudonim literacki
persist
Our brains persist in using stereotypes.
start learning
upierać się
prehistoric
I can’t imgine what it was like to live in prehistoric times.
start learning
prehistoryczny
rigid
I don’t have any rigid plans for the weekend.
start learning
sztywny
Scandinavian
Have you ever been to a Scandinavian country?
start learning
skandynawski
socio-economic
Their socio-ecomomic level was clear from their appearance.
start learning
społeczno-gospodarczych
tomb
They discovered the tomb of a young pharaoh.
start learning
grób
underdog
I always like to support the underdog in any competition.
start learning
ktoś na przegranej pozycji
visual projection
My photos on Facebook are a visual projection of my life.
start learning
projekcja wizualna
vitally
Judging people by their appearance was vitally important in the past.
start learning
istotnie
worldly
She doesn’t have much worldly experience.
start learning
doczesny
behave
Lots of children in this class behave badly.
start learning
zachować się
boarding
My parents sent me away to boarding school when I was 13.
start learning
wejście na pokład samolotu
bring up
I want to bring up my children in the countryside not in the city.
start learning
wychować
cheat
I haven’t studied enough so I’m going to cheat in my history exam.
start learning
oszukać
college
I went to art college when I left school.
start learning
kolegium
compulsory
Maths is a compulsory subject – everyone has to do it.
start learning
obowiązkowy
do
What will you do if you don’t pass your exams?
start learning
robić
educate
I want to educate my children at home so I won’t send them to school.
start learning
kształcić
elementary
Primary school is called elementary school in America.
start learning
elementarny
expel
If you cheat in your exams the head teacher will expel you.
start learning
wygnać
fail
Why did you fail your chemistry exam?
start learning
ocena niedostateczna
grades
I want to study medicine co I need really good grades in Science and Maths.
start learning
klas
graduate
When did you graduate from university?
start learning
absolwent
head teacher
What’s the name of the head teacher at your school?
start learning
Dyrektor szkoły
high school
He’s a teacher at a high school in New York City.
start learning
liceum (am.)
junior high school
I went to the same junior high school as my neighbour.
start learning
Gimnazjum
kindergarten
I went to kindergarten when I was three years old.
start learning
przedszkole
learn
I want to learn Russian.
start learning
uczyć się
middle school
I went to middle school between the ages of nine and thirteen.
start learning
gimnazjum
nun
I went to a Catholic school and my maths teacher was a nun.
start learning
zakonnica
nursery
Before they go to school children can go nursery.
start learning
żłobek
pass
I really want to pass my maths exam this semester.
start learning
ocena dostateczna
priest
The church priest visits our school once a week to talk to the students.
start learning
kapłan
primary
Children in the UK start primary school when they are four or five.
start learning
podstawowy
private
Her parents paid for her to go to a private school.
start learning
prywatny
punish
Many teachers punish students with extra homework.
start learning
karać
pupils
How many pupils are there in your school?
start learning
uczniowie
religious
I went to a religious school – it was Catholic.
start learning
religijny
results
Students in this school usually get really good exam results.
start learning
wyniki
revise
How many hours did you revise for the biology exam?
start learning
zrewidować
secondary
I started secondary school when I was eleven.
start learning
wtórny
semester
The autumn semester starts on the first day of October.
start learning
semestr
state
What are the state schools like in your country?
start learning
stan
study
What subject will you study at university?
start learning
gabinet
term
A school term usually lasts about twelve weeks.
start learning
semestr
twelfth grade
My older sister is in twelfth grade this year.
start learning
Dwunasty stopień
balcony
There’s a great view from our balcony.
start learning
taras
basement
Many houses in Canada have a basement.
start learning
piwnica
ceiling
We painted the ceiling white.
start learning
sufit
chimney
We need to clean the chimney before we light the fire.
start learning
komin
city
I want to live in a big city like Paris or London.
start learning
miasto
cosy
Our living room is small but it's really cosy.
start learning
przytulny
country
I live in a small cottage in the country.
start learning
państwo
east coast
I live in Aldeburgh a small town on the east coast.
start learning
wschodnie wybrzeże
entrance
The entrance to the building is round the back.
start learning
wejście
fireplace
We have a beautiful Victorian fireplace in our living room.
start learning
kominek
gate
We painted the gate to our garden dark green.
start learning
bramka (na lotnisku)
ground floor
I don’t want to live on the ground floor – I don’t think it’s safe.
start learning
parter
light
We have big windows so our living room is really light.
start learning
lekki
made of stone
Our house is made of stone.
start learning
zrobione z kamienia
modern
We have an expensive modern kitchen.
start learning
nowoczesny
open fire
I love sitting by the open fire in winter time.
start learning
otwarty ogień
outskirts
I live on the outskirts of Birmingham.
start learning
obrzeża
path
A path leads through our garden to the back door of our house.
start learning
ścieżka
patio
We have chairs and a barbecue on our patio.
start learning
podwórko
roof
I’ll need a ladder to get that football off the roof.
start learning
dach
second floor
We live on the second floor of that apartment block.
start learning
drugie piętro
spacious
Our kitchen is really spacious so we put a dining table in it.
start learning
przestronny
steps
You have to go down three steps to get into our garden.
start learning
schodki
suburbs
When we had children we moved from the city centre to the suburbs.
start learning
obrzeża
terrace
We have a terrace where you can sit outside and sunbathe.
start learning
taras
top floor
We live on the top floor of that building and we have great views.
start learning
górka
town
I was born in a town called Shrewsbury.
start learning
miasteczko
village
I grew up in a village in Wales.
start learning
wioska
wall
There is a wall between our garden and our neighbour’s garden.
start learning
mur obronny
wooden floors
We have wooden floors in our dining room and living room and it looks great.
start learning
Podłogi drewniane
accomplished
He’s an accomplished piano player.
start learning
realizowany
adore
I adore flowers especially roses.
start learning
adorować
bookcase
How many books are in that bookcase?
start learning
regał na książki
competition
I won £500 in a competition!
start learning
zawody sportowe
co-operate
When she was 13 she refused to co-operate with her parents.
start learning
współpracują
determined
She was determined that her daughters would be successful.
start learning
zdecydowany
excel
I’m jealous of Paul – I wish I could excel in everything I do
start learning
excel
like him.
expect
We expect you to be number one in your class for maths.
start learning
oczekiwać
extraordinary
The school is really extraordinary because it has such talented students.
start learning
wspaniały / niespotykany / niezwykły
fault
My dad drives me mad but it isn’t really his fault.
start learning
wina
forbidden
Playing with friends and watching TV was forbidden by her parents.
start learning
zakazany
hang
Can you hang this picture of my parents on the wall for me?
start learning
powiesić
hug
My mum gave me a hug after the concert.
start learning
przytulić
immigrant
Her mother is a Bangladeshi immigrant.
start learning
imigranci
independent
It’s hard to feel independent when you live with your parents.
start learning
niepodległy
let
Do your parents let you go out late at night?
start learning
niech
marks
She got top marks in her piano exam.
start learning
Znaki
mixed
Is your school a mixed school with both boys and girls?
start learning
mieszany
motivated
My son motivated himself to succeed in music.
start learning
zmotywowany
mystery
Teenagers are a mystery to me – I don’t understand them.
start learning
tajemnica
optional
Music is an optional subject at my school.
start learning
fakultatywny
orchestra
I play the violin in the school orchestra.
start learning
orkiestra
outstanding
They were outstanding pupils who did really well.
start learning
wybitny
overlook
Does your balcony overlook the river?
start learning
przeoczyć
perform
Would you like to perform in front of 500 people?
start learning
wykonać
plain
He used a plain old table in his kitchen.
start learning
przeciętny
prize
She won a prize for her singing.
start learning
nagroda
property
The house will become my property when my brother dies.
start learning
własność, mienie
punishment
What kind of punishment will a teacher give you for being late?
start learning
kara
push
Be careful not to push your children too hard.
start learning
pchnięcie
remain
Do you think this garden will remain beautiful if we move out?
start learning
pozostawać
resent
The girls did not seem to resent their mother.
start learning
oburzać się
strict
My parents won’t let me do anything – they’re really strict!
start learning
surowy
tidy
It’s not a tidy garden.
start learning
schludny
tower
There is a large tower on the village church.
start learning
wieża
turn the house into
They decided to turn the house into a hotel.
start learning
obrócić dom w
unpainted
Our dining table is unpainted.