Business Legal English_13th & 20th_of October

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Question Answer
wartość udziałów musi być dostępna do inf. publicznej
PUBLIC company
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value of shares must be publicly available
udziałowiec
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shareholder
memorandum of association
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document that governs the relationship between the company and the outside
składać zeznanie podatkowe
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submit a tax return
akt założycielski spółki
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memorandum of association
wpływać (o środkach)
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issue
w gruncie rzeczy
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in effect
przedsiębiorca
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entrepreneur (with)
zgodnie, stosownie do
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pursuant to
pozwany/a
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defendant / a
odwołać się do
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appeal against
nabywać
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purchase
ustawa
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Act
Act
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Act- legal regulation issued by the government
Constitution
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complexity of acts taken together
ustawa o spółkach
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Companies Act
Companies Act
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Companies Actlegal regulation issued by government with reference to business
osobowość prawna
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(separete) legal personality
prowadzić interesy
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conduct business
zawierać umowę
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enter into contract
spółka notowana
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public company
izba handlowa
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Companies House
roczne sprawozdanie finansowe
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annual accounts
company must send it annually to the Companies House
company's legal advisor
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solicitor
has 2 functions: 1) giving legal advises, 2) being a legal representative in a court of FIRST instance
barrister
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Barrister - legal representative in a court of 2nd and 3rd instance
conduct of members
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conduct of members - all aspects of behaviour related to the company, what a member is/ isn't allowed to do as a member of a company
(prawa i obowiązki)
prawa i obowiązki członków firmy
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conduct of members
company's objects and powers
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company's purposes ('what')
powers - ('how')- scope of company's legal capacity to conduct business with outside parties
uprawnienia nadane
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bestowed powers
statutowa siedziba zarządu spółki
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registered office
ograniczenie przepływu i praw nadanych
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restriction on transferability of shares and the powers bestowed
transferability refers to the amount of shares a person can exchange, buy, sell or give
transfering of shares
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1) moving shares 2) giving 3) selling 4) exchanging
value of the company vs value of the shares of the company
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not the same!!!
akt ustanowienia spółki
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Certificate of Incorporation,
issued by Registrar of Companies after completing 4 documents (Memorandum of Association, Articles of Association, Form 10, Form 12, and a fee)
Podatek od osób dochodowych
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Personal income tax (PIT)
urząd skarbowy
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Inland Revenue (GB), Internal Revenue Service (US)
wejść na giełdę
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go public
kapitał własny
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equity
giełda papierów wartościowych
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stock exchange
firma notowana na giełdzie
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listed company
kapitał akcyjny
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share capital
spółka akcyjna S.A.
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incorporated Inc.
rejestr handlowy spółek (?)
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Registrar of Companies (the registrar)
posiedzenie zarządu
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board meeting
głosowanie przez podniesienie ręki
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vote by show of hands
zwykła większość
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Simple majority (50%+1)
większość kwalifikowana
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qualified majority (e.g. 75%, special rules)
bez zbędnej zwłoki
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on reasonable notice (= early enough)
determined=
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=stipulated= legaly defined
zlecony wykonawca
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commissioned worker
przywrócenie o stanu pierwotnego
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Restitution= bringing back original state
uchwała
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resolution=document that presents a certain decision as a result of voting
catered vs supplied
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catered= to provide things necessary to live ONLY as much as it’s needed,
supplied = provide things in a LARGE AMOUNT
jawny
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declared, Declared – announced officially (anything)
ogłosić
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proclaim= announce a change that sth comes into existence
– nadzwyczjne walne zgromadzenie
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Extraordinary General Meeting
odroczyć
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Adjourned
nowy członek zarządu
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New Contract
doroczne walne zgromadzenie
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annual general meeting
głos rozstrzygający
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casting vote
stanowić inaczej
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provide otherwise
wycofywać się
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opt out
z polecenia zarządu
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By order of the board
quorum
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minimal number of people for a meeting to be valid
podstawa powództwa
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cause of action
umowa menadżerska
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Director’s Service Agreement
koszty eksploatacji
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running costs
in arrears
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paid after work has been done
uprawnienie urlopowe
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holiday entitlement
klauzula o ograniczeniu swobody konkurencji
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restraint of trade
wielostrony
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multilateral
bilateralny, dwustronny
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bilateral= mutually beneficial
umowa handlowa
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marketing agreement
wnieść poprawki
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amend
marketing agreement
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= contract by which one company will market another company's product
umowa agencyjna
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an agency agreement
agency agreement
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=company authorises another company or individual to sell the goods on its behalf
umowa dystrybucyjna, sprzedaży
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distribution agreement
Franchising agreement
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=legal binding contract between franchisor & franchisee
umowa spółki z udziałem kapitału zagranicznego
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Joint venture agreement
Joint venture agreement
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= two or more business agree to co-operate on particular business venture or project
stosunek umowny
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contractual relationship
narzut
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mark up
prowizja
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commission
Franchisor=
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=owns the overarching company, trademarks, and products, but gives the right to the franchisee to run the franchise location, in return for an agreed-upon fee
jednolity model biznesowy
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uniform business model
przedsięwzięcie, ryzyko
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venture
narzucać
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Contravening – violate, go against
prawo antymonopolowe
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‘anti-trust’ law
poniższy podpisany
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hereunder signed
dalej zwany, w dalszym ciągu niniejszego pisma
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hereinafter
raporty rynkowe
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market reports
zdolność kredytowa
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credit-worthiness / credit capacity
credit-worthiness
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=Someone who is creditworthy has enough ​money or ​property for ​banks and other ​organizations to be ​willing to ​lend them ​money
zobowiązania zleceniodawcy
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principle's obligations
końcowy odbiorca
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ultimate purchaser
obsługa posprzedażowa
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after-sales service
after-sales service=
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=refers to all those processes which ensures that customers are satisfied with the products and services of the organization
chociaż
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although
zadośćuczynienie
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Indemnifying

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