Vince phrasal verbs 24, 25

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Question English
Answer English

(betray)
His false identity papers gave him away.

(send off a smell - liquid or gas)
The cheese had begun to give off a strange smell.

(be exhausted)
When our money gave out we had to borrow some.

(abandon, devote)
The rest of the time was given over to playing cards. (stop - colloquial) Why don't you give over! You're getting on my nerves.

Go back on
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(break a promise)
The management has gone back on its promise.

(make a habit of)
I don't go in for that kind of thing. (enter competition) Are you thinking ofgoing in for the race?

(become bad - food)

(happen - usually negative)
Something funny is going on.

(be enough)
There weren't enough life-jacketsto go round.

Go through with
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(complete a promise or plan - usually unwillingly)
When it came to actually stealing the money, Nora couldn't go through with it.

(become more liked - colloquial)
This new record is growing on me.

(keep - colloquial)
I think we should hang onto the car until next year.

Have it in for
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(be deliberately unkind to someone - also as have got)
My teacher has (got) it in for me.

Have it out with
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(express feelings so as to settle a problem)
I put up with the problem for a while but in the end I had it out with her.

Have someone on
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(deceive - colloquial)
I don't believe you. You're having me on.

Hit it off
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(get on well with - colloquial)
Mark and Sarah really hit it off at the party.

Hit upon/on
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(discover by chance - often an idea)
They hit upon the solution quite by chance.

(offer - especially with hope)
We don't hold out much hope that the price will fall.

(delay)
Sorry I'm late, I was held up in the traffic. (use as an example - i.e. a model ofgood behaviour) Jack was always held up as an example to me.

(agree with - an idea)
I don't hold with the idea of using force.

(continue)
Well done! Keep up the good work!

(state a rule - especially lay down the law)
The company has laid down strict procedures for this kind of situation.

(disappoint, break a promise)
Sony to let youdown, but I can't give you a lift today.

(allow to be part of a secret)
We haven't let Tina in on the plans yet.

(excuse from punishment)
As Dave was young, the judge let him off with a fine.

(inform about a secret - colloquial)
We're planning a surprise for Helen, but don't let on.

(suffer a loss of reputation)
If City lose, they'll never live itdown.

Live up to
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(reach an expected standard)
The play quite lived up to my expectations.

(investigate)
The police have promised to look into the problem.

(consider)
We look on this town as our real home.

Look someone up
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(visit when in the area)
If you're passing through Athens, look me up.

(result in)
The power steering makes for easier parking.

Make off with
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(run away with)
The thief made off with a valuable necklace.

(pretend)
Tim made out that he hadn't seen the No Smoking sign. (manage to see or understand) I couldn't quitemake out what the notice said.

Make someone out
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(understand someone's behaviour)
Janet is really odd. I can't make her out.

(invent)
I think you made up the whole story!

Make up for
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(compensate for)
Our success makes up for all the hard times.

(fail to include)
You have missed out a word here. (lose a chance - colloquial) Five people got promoted, but I missed out again.

(confess - colloquial)
None of the children would own up to breaking the window.

(stop an activity - colloquial)
John has packed in his job.

(take revenge - colloquial)
She paid him back for all his insults.

(improve - colloquial)
The weather seems to be picking up.

Pin someone down
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(force to give a clear statement)
I asked Jim to name a suitable day, but I couldn't pin him down.

(behave or work badly)
The car is playing up again. It won't start.

(draw attention to a fact)
I pointed out that I would be on holiday anyway.

(manage to succeed)
It was a tricky plan, but we pulled it off.

(continue with some effort - colloquial)
Let's push on and try to reach the coast by tonight.

Put across
start learning
(communicate ideas)
Harry is clever but he can't put his ideas across.

Put down to
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(explain the cause of)
Diane's poor performance was put down to nerves.

Put in for
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(apply for a job)
Sue has put in for a teaching job.

Put oneself out
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(take trouble - to help someone)
Please don't put yourself out making a meal. A sandwich will do.

(discourage, upset)
The crowd put the gymnast off, and he fell.

(offer accommodation)
We can put you up for a few days.

Put up with
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(tolerate, bear)
I can't put up with all this noise!

(charge too much - colloquial)
You paid £50? They really ripped you off!

(criticise)
She's always running down her husband. (lose power, allow to decline) I think the batteries are running down.

(meet)
Guess who I ran into at the supermarket!

(have enough money)
I don't think we can run to a holiday abroad this year.

(check - also run through)
Let's run over the plan once more.

(a bill - let a bill get longer without paying)
I ran up a huge telephone bill at the hotel.

Run up against
start learning
(encounter - usually a problem)
We've run up against a slight problem.

See someone off
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(go to station, airport, etc to say goodbye to someone)
I went to the station to see them off.

See through
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(realise the truth about)
I saw through his intentions at once.

(make fun of by imitating)
Jean is always sending up the French teacher.

(start working)
We must set about re-organisingthe office.

(establish itself - especially weather)
I think this rain has set in for the day.

(give in detail in writing) (arrange) (start an action)
This document sets out all the Union demands; I've set out the refreshments in the hall.; Sue set out to write a biography but it became a novel.

(establish)
An inquiry into the accident has been set up.

Set (up) on
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(attack)
We were set upon by a gang of hooligans.

(realise slowly - colloquial, intransitive)
Slowly the realisation that I had won began to sink in.

(make a mistake - colloquial)
Someone slipped up and my application was lost.

(find a solution - colloquial)
Don't worry, Mary will sort out your problems.

(keep to an agreement)
The company agreed to stand by its original commitment.

(represent - initials) (tolerate)
E.g. stands for exempli gratia, it's Latin. I will notstand for this kind of behaviour in my house!

Stand in for
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(take the place of)
Carol has kindly agreed to stand in for Graham at the monthly meeting.

Stand up to
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(resist, bear stress)
The engine won't stand up to the strain.

(resign - colloquial)
The Chairman has stepped down after criticism from shareholders.

(increase)
Production at the Leeds plant has been stepped up.

Stick up for
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(defend - especially yourself, your rights - colloquial)
You must learn to stick up for yourself.

(deceive) zwieść
Don't be taken in by her apparent shyness.

Take (it) out on
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(make someone else suffer because of one's own sufferings)
I know you are unhappy, but don't take it out on me!

(imitate - colloquial)
Dave takes off the Prime Minister really well.

acquire a new characteristic) (do something extra)
My grandmother has taken on a new lease of life since her operation; She has taken on too much with afull-timejob as well.

(insurance - sign an insurance agreement)
Ann has taken out life insurance.

(gain control of)
The army tried to take over the country.

Take to someone
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(develop a liking for)
You'll soon take to your new boss, I'm sure.

(time - occupy time)
The meeting took up a whole morning.

Talk out of or into
start learning
(dissuade from, persuade into)
Paul talked me into going skiing, against my better judgement.

(scold - colloquial)
Our teacher told us off for being late.

Tie in with
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(be in agreement with)
I'm afraid your party doesn't quite tie in with our arrangements.

Track down
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(trace the whereabouts of)
The police tracked down the killer and arrested him.

(test - a machine)
Let's try out the new washing machine.

(reject an offer)
Another company offered me a job but I turned them down.

(happen to be in the end) (come to a meeting or to form a crowd)
He turned out to be an old friend ofHelen's; Thousands offans turned out to welcome the team.

(be discovered by chance) (arrive - often unexpectedly)
Don't worry about that missing book, it's bound to turn up sooner or later; Not many people turned up for the lesson.

(lose effect - especially a drug)
These painkillers wear off after about two hours.

(calculate - also work out at for specific amounts)
The hotel bill worked out at over £500.


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