Prodigies & Heros & other humans

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Question English Answer English
Who invented penicillin?
On September 3, 1928, shortly after his appointment as professor of bacteriology, he noticed that a culture plate of Staphylococcus aureus he had been working on had become contaminated by a fungus.
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(Sir) Edward Fleming
A fungus mold, later identified as Penicillium notatum (now classified as P. chrysogenum), inhibited the growth of the bacteria.
Who had the second shortest tenure as American President?
On July 2, 1881, after only four months in office, while on his way to a family vacation in New England, he was shot twice in the railroad station in Washington, D.C., by Charles J. Guiteau, a disappointed office seeker with messianic visions.
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James (Abram) Garfield
James Abram Garfield, 20th president of the United States (March 4–September 19, 1881), who had the second shortest tenure in U.S.
Who found the Rotavirus?
In the years following the Rotavirusdiscovery, it was found that severe diarrhea caused by rotavirus infection killed as many as 870,000 children every year, more than 90% of which were in the developing world.
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Ruth Bishop
In 1973, Bishop led the team of researchers at the Royal Children’s Hospital in Melbourne that discovered rotavirus, the leading cause of severe diarrhea in infants and small children around the world.
Ruth Bishop is a largely unsung hero of global health outside of the rotavirus field, receiving little public recognition for her work.
For her entire career, she has focused on messenger RNA
Her work, with her close collaborator, Dr. Drew Weissman of the University of Pennsylvania, laid the foundation for the stunningly successful vaccines made by Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna.
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(Dr.) Katalin Karikó
Dr. Kariko’s struggles to stay afloat in academia have a familiar ring to scientists. She needed grants to pursue ideas that seemed wild and fanciful. She did not get them, even as more mundane research was rewarded.
Who did shoot the first picture?
In 1826 or 1827, he used the Camera Obscura to produce the oldest surviving photograph of a real-world scene
His family declared the date of 1822 as the birth of photography; a plaque in his home bears this date, but unfortunately, there is no physical evidence to substantiate it.
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(Joseph) Nicéphore Niépce
This arrangement rankled Niépce's son, who claimed Daguerre was reaping all the benefits of his father's work.
While many inventive men had experimented with the photograph, solving the mystery of fixing the camera image had eluded them until the success of Joseph Nicephore Niepce.

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