Loads of very important acronyms and abbreviations

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Question English Answer English
SI
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International System of Units
SAT
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saturation
IUPAC
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International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry
IUDs
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intrauterine (contraceptive) devices
coil
spirala antykoncepcyjna, wkładka wewnątrzmaciczna, spirala domaciczna
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intrauterine device = IUD
UTIs
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urinary tract infections
HDL
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high-density lipoprotein (the "good" cholesterol)
LDL
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low-density lipoprotein (the "bad" cholesterol)
LRTI
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lower respiratory tract infection
often used as a synonym for pneumonia, can also be applied to other types of infection including lung abscess and acute bronchitis
infekcja dolnych dróg oddechowych
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lower respiratory tract infection
URTI
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upper respiratory tract infection
illnesses caused by an acute infection which involves the upper respiratory tract including the nose, sinuses, pharynx or larynx
infekcja górnych dróg oddechowych
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upper respiratory tract infection
CRP
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c-reactive protein
an annular (ring-shaped), pentameric protein found in blood plasma, whose levels rise in response to inflammation
białko C-reaktywne
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C-reactive protein
GP
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general practitioner (family doctor)
RMSF
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Rocky Mountain spotted fever
MI
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myocardial infarction
TB
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tuberculosis
SHOB / SOB
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shortness of breath; short of breath
FDA
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Food and Drug Administration
BM
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bowel motions / bowel movements
MRI
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magnetic resonance imaging
magnetic resonance
rezonans magnetyczny
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magnetic resonance imaging = MRI
NDC
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National Drug Code
a unique product identifier used in the United States for drugs intended for human use
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national drug code
DAW
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dispense as written
ODT
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orally disintegrating tablet
PCR
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polymerase chain reaction
PNS
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peripheral nervous system
the part of the nervous system that consists of the nerves and ganglia outside of the brain and spinal cord
obwodowy układ nerwowy
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peripheral nervous system
IVF
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in vitro fertilization
a process by which an egg is fertilised by sperm outside the body
zapłodnienie pozaustrojowe, in vitro
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in vitro fertilization = IVF
MRSA
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methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
a bacterium responsible for several difficult-to-treat infections in humans
gronkowiec złocisty oporny na metycylinę
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methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus = MRSA
COPD
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chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
BMI
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body mass index
USP
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U.S. Pharmacopeia
ATP
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adenosine triphosphate
ENT
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ear, nose and throat (otolaryngology)
a surgical subspecialty within medicine that deals with conditions of the ear, nose, and throat (ENT) and related structures of the head and neck
otolaryngologia, otorynolaryngologia (nauka o budowie, czynnościach i chorobach uszu, nosa, gardła i krtani)
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otolaryngology = OT = otorhinolaryngology
FBC
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full blood count
a blood panel requested by a doctor or other medical professional that gives information about the cells in a patient's blood
morfologia krwi
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complete blood count = full blood count = full blood exam = blood panel
MAOI
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monoamine oxidase inhibitor (antidepressant drug)
chemicals that inhibit the activity of the monoamine oxidase enzyme family
inhibitor monoaminooksydazy
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monoamine oxidase inhibitor = MAOI
NF
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National Formulary
WNL
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within normal limits
VD
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venereal disease
an infection that is commonly spread by sex, especially vaginal intercourse, anal sex and oral sex
choroba weneryczna
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venereal disease = VD
MND
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motor neurone disease
NHS
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National Health Service
a specific disease that causes the death of neurons which control voluntary muscles
stwardnienie zanikowe boczne (choroba Charcota)
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motor neurone disease = MND
OM
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otitis media
p.o.
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by mouth; orally (Latin)
p.c.
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after meals / food (Latin)
GUS
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genito-urinary system
UGS
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urogenital system
HPV
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human papilloma virus
IBS
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irritable bowel syndrome
ID
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infectious disease
ESR
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erythrocyte sedimentation rate
DDA
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Dangerous Drugs Act
a.c.
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before meals / food (Latin)
ECP
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emergency contraceptive pill
D&V
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diarrhoea and vomiting
DD
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dangerous drug(s)
CSF
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cerebrospinal fluid
a clear, colorless body fluid found in the brain and spine
płyn mózgowo-rdzeniowy
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cerebrospinal fluid
Rx
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"take" (in prescriptions); "treatment" (in case notes) (Latin)
mcg
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microgram
dl
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decilitre
mmol/l
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millimols per litre
TABs
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tablets
MEDs
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medications; medicines
BBB
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blood-brain barrier
DIG
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digitalis
ELISA
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enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
AF
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acid-fast
C
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centigrade
(...)ness a physical property of certain bacteria (and, less commonly, protozoa), specifically their resistance to decolorization by acids during laboratory staining procedures
kwasooporny, dotyczy oporności na odbarwianie przez kwas (dotyczy bakterii)
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acid-fast
a metric scale and unit of measurement for temperature
skala temperatur Celsjusza
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centigrade
EIB
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exercise-induced bronchospasm
DC
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discontinue (a drug)
NKDA
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no known drug allergies
SAD
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seasonal affective disorder
a mood disorder subset in which people who have normal mental health throughout most of the year exhibit depressive symptoms at the same time each year, most commonly in the winter
sezonowe zaburzenie afektywne
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seasonal affective disorder
synonyms: winter depression, winter blues, summer depression, and seasonal depression
UNG
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ointment
CD
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controlled drug (= narcotic drug); curative dose; Crohn's disease
substances which are recognized as drugs, and which corresponds to international treaty commitments in the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs 1961
lek będący jednocześnie narkotykiem
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controlled drug
a dose that is sufficient to restore normal health
dawka lecznicza
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curative dose
BBVs
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blood-borne viruses
ASA
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acetylosalicylic acid
IVI
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intravenous infusion
IND
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investigational new drug
SX
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symptoms; syndrome
TCA
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tricyclic antidepressant
UA
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urinalysis
a diagnostic physical, chemical, and microscopic examination of a urine sample (specimen)
badanie moczu
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urinalysis
TSS
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toxic shock syndrome
AS
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alimentary system (=GIS)
HSV
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herpes simplex virus
HBV
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hepatitis B virus
ICU
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intensive care unit (in a hospital)
a hospital unit in which is concentrated special equipment and specially trained personnel for the care of seriously ill patients requiring immediate and continuous attention
oddział intensywnej terapii
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intensive care unit
D
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dose; dosage
pulv.
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powder (pulvule)
lb
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pound (not currency!)
RF
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renal failure; respiratory failure
CRI
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chronic renal insufficiency
SARS
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severe acute respiratory syndrome
an infectious respiratory illness caused by a coronavirus and characterized by fever, dry cough, and breathing difficulties, often accompanied by headache and body aches
zespół ostrej ciężkiej niewydolności oddechowej
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severe acute respiratory syndrome
AID
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acute infectious disease
Tx
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treatment
U&E
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urea and electrolytes

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