Extra unit 2 - Discourse markers

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Question Answer
Eso sí, es mejor que mi último lugar
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Mind your, it is better than my last place
eso sí
used to add a further comment which is usually a contrast or a surprise, but can also be an explanation
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Mind you
de paso
used to change the conversation to a different topic
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incidentally
a propósito
used to change the conversation to a different topic
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by the way
Por cierto, ¿sabes cómo
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Incidentally, do you know how
en cuanto a ella, probablemente ganará
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as for she, she will probably win
en cuanto a
used to start talking about sb or sth new that is connected with what you were talking about before
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as for
Sí, o alternativamente, ella podría quedarse con la compañía
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Yes, or alternatively, she could stay with the company
alternativamente
used to introduce an idea that is a second choice or possibility
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alternatively
Es cierto que solo estaba tratando de ayudar
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It's true that he was only trying to help
Es verdad
uses to agree with an idea made by the previous speaker (but often before disagreeing)
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It's true
aun asi
used to introduce a counter-argument or return to one the speaker has already made
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even so
Aun así, no debería haberse involucrado
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Even so, he shouldn't have got involved
como una cuestión de hecho
used to say what you really think, or to introduce information which is not what the listener expects to hear
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as a matter of fact
en realidad
used to say what you really think, or to introduce information which is not what the listener expects to hear
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actually
para ser honesto
used to say what you really think, or to introduce information which is not what the listener expects to hear
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to be honest
para decirte la verdad
used to say what you really think, or to introduce information which is not what the listener expects to hear
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to tell you the truth
Bueno, de hecho estábamos un poco decepcionados
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Well, as a matter of fact we were a bit disappointed
En general, el personal seguía siendo muy agradable
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By and large the staff were still very nice
en general
used to introduce a generalization
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by and large
en gran medida
used to introduce a generalization
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to a large extent
en conjunto
used to introduce a generalization
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on the whole
hablando en general
used to introduce a generalization
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broadly speaking
En todo caso
used to introduce an additional point and one that is often conclusive or the most important
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in any case
encima
used to introduce an additional point and one that is often conclusive or the most important
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besides
de todos modos (a)
used to introduce an additional point and one that is often conclusive or the most important
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anyway
y, en cualquier caso, no habla alemán
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and, in any case, he doesn't speak German
En cualquier caso, llegaré a tiempo
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At any rate, I will be there on time
y como decía
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and as I was saying
de todos modos (at)
used to say that sth is true or sth will happen in spite of other things mentioned
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at any rate
de todos modos (how)
used to say that sth is true or sth will happen in spite of other things mentioned
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anyhow
como decía
used to return the conversation to sth you said earlier
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as I was saying

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