Salud - Health

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contraer una enfermedad
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to contract an illness

estar hospitalizado
[BrE]
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to be hospitalised

ser propenso a
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to be prone to

estar abatido
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to feel downhearted

las enfermedades hereditarias
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hereditary illnesses

las enfermedades adquiridas
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acquired diseases

las enfermedades incurables
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incurable diseases

las enfermedades circulatorias
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circulatory diseases

las enfermedades venéreas
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venereal diseases

las enfermedades coronarias
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coronary heart diseases

las enfermedades virales
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viral diseases / viral illnesses

las enfermedades contagiosas
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contagious diseases

las enfermedades infecciosas
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infectious diseases

el dolor punzante
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throbbing pain

el dolor pulsátil
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pulsating pain

los dolores posoperatorios
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post-operative pains

los dolores de posparto
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postpartum aches

los dolores del parto
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labor pains

la neuralgia
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neuralgia

el dolor de la columna (vertebral)
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spinal ache

el sarro (dental)
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plaque

el empaste
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filler / filling

empastar un diente / empastar una muela / hacer un empaste
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to fill a tooth

la caries dentaria
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caries

el esmalte
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enamel

la dentadura postiza
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denture

extraer un diente
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to extract a tooth

la ampolla
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blister

la esterilidad
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sterility

la leucemia
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leukaemia

tener el estómago revuelto
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to have an upset stomach

la diabetes
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diabetes

hiccup

la hipermetropía
[BrE]
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long-sightedness

los escalofríos
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shivers

el sofoco / la sofocación
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stifling

plague

influenza

el chichón
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bump / lump

las hemorroides
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haemorrhoids

la tos productiva / la tos eficaz
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productive cough

el catarro / los mocos
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catarrh

el cólico
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colic

la hemorragia
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haemorrhage

el espasmo
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spasm

el calambre
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cramp

la malaria
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malaria

la cirrosis (hepática)
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cirrhosis

la esclerosis
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sclerosis

la migraña / la jaqueca
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migraine

el hormigueo
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tingling / prickly feeling

la hipertensión
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hypertension

la hiperemotividad
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attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

la hipotensión
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low blood pressure / hypotension

el tumor benigno
[BrE]
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benign tumour

el tumor maligno
[BrE]
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malignant tumour

las náuseas
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nausea

la hinchazón
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swelling

callus

el sarampión
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measles

la viruela
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small pox

la varicela
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chicken pox

la rozadura
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graze

la obesidad
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obesity

hernia

el constipado
formal
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Influenza

la rubeola
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rubella / German measles

la esquizofrenia
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schizophrenia

el esguince
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sprain

scab

el picor / la comezón
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itching

scabies

las paperas
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mumps

leprosy

acne

la insolación
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sunstroke

la lesión
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lesion

la pérdida de conocimiento / perder el conocimiento
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loss of consciousness

recobrar el conocimiento / volver en sí
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to regain consciousness

la úlcera
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ulcer

el derrame cerebral
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brain haemorrhage

la flatulencia
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flatulence

las cataratas
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cataracts

el rasguño
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scratch

la inflamación
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inflammation

la artritis
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arthritis

la hepatitis
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hepatitis

la apendicitis
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appendicitis

el estreñimiento
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constipation

la intoxicación alimenticia
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food poisoning

el vértigo
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vertigo

el estrabismo
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strabismus

acidity / heartburn

la fractura / la rotura
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fracture

las varicesv
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varicose veins

el cansancio / la fatiga
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fatigue

seguir un tratamiento
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to undergo treatment

el médico forense
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forensic doctor

el laringólogo
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laryngologist

el otorrinolaringólogo
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otorhinolaryngologist

auscultar a un enfermo
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to auscultate a patient

la enfermería
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infirmary


la unidad de cuidados intensivos
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intensive care unit

la mesa de operaciones
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operating room table

recetar (un medicamento) / prescribir (un medicamento)
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to prescribe a medicine

aplicar los primeros auxilios
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to administer first aid

enyesar / escayolar
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to put in plaster

to get oneself vaccinated

los leucocitos
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leukocytes

la glucosa
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glucose

los eritrocitos
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erythrocytes

los glóbulos rojos
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red blood cells

el factor RH
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RH factor

la hemoglobina
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haemoglobin

la coagulación
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coagulation

el suero sanguíneo
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serum

la quimioterapia
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chemotherapy

el supositorio
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suppository

gauze

la gasa hidrófila
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hydrophilic gauze

la gasa aséptica
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aseptic gauze

el bisturí
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scalpel

la endocrinoterapia
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endocrine therapy

el antidepresivo
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antidepressant

el tranquilizante
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tranquillizer

el sedante
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sedative

ointment

el ungüento
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unguent

la píldora anticonceptiva
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contraceptive pill

la cesárea
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caesarean / caesarean section / C section

el apósito
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dressing

el apósito adhesivo
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adhesive dressing

la jeringuilla
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syringe

la jeringuilla desechable
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disposable syringe

syrup

el laxante
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laxative

el agua oxigenada
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oxygenated water

la cirugía
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surgery

to swallow

to cease

vaccine

la sala de admisión de enfermos
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admissions

el historial clínico
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case record

el ataque de nervios
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nervous breakdown

las muletas
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crutches

la partera
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midwife

la medicina alternativa
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alternative medicine

el profilaxis
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prevention

enfermo terminal
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terminally ill

sano como una lechuga
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fit as a fiddle

la recurrencia
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recurrence

esforzarse
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to strain (e.g. one's muscles)

contagioso
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contagious

infeccioso
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infectious

seriamente enfermo
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seriously ill

no merecer la pena
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not worth the effort

no valer la pena
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not be worth

reluctante
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reluctant

pasar hambre
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to starve


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