Angielski w pracy

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Question
Answer

Konkurent, rywal
a person, team, or company that is competing with others
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Competitor
a person, team, or company that is competing with others
Their prices are better than any of their competitors.

Przedział
a group of people whose ages, taxes, etc are between two limits
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Bracket
a group of people whose ages, taxes, etc are between two limits
Most heart attack victims are in the 45-65 age bracket.

Koszty stałe
a cost such as wages, rent, and interest that does not change in relation to how much a business produces
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Fixed costs
a cost such as wages, rent, and interest that does not change in relation to how much a business produces
When you take 2,000 people out of your business you will inevitably have fixed cost reductions.

Wygięty, zakrzywiony
curved and not now straight or flat
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Bent
curved and not now straight or flat
The metal bars were bent and twisted

Wytrzymać, przetrwać
to not be damaged or broken by something
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Withstand
to not be damaged or broken by something
The bridge is designed to withstand earthquakes

Z tego powodu, dlatego (też)
for that reason
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Therefore
for that reason
The region has suffered severe flooding and tourists are therefore advised not to travel there.

Drażnić
to make a part of your body hurt
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Irritation
to make a part of your body hurt
The smoke irritated her eyes

Zarówno, bądź, też
used when you are giving a choice of two or more things
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Either
used when you are giving a choice of two or more things
There's either mashed, boiled, or baked potatoes.

Następujący, kolejny
what comes next, often used to introduce a list, report, etc
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Following
what comes next, often used to introduce a list, report, etc
The following is an extract from her diary: Today I stayed in bed all day.

Wysyłać
to send something to a lot of different people, usually by post or email
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Send sth out
to send something to a lot of different people, usually by post or email
She send out invitations. I send out this file monthly through a web-based client

Skontaktować się, zaoferować pomoc
to try to communicate with a person or a group of people, usually in order to help or involve them
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Reach out to sb
to try to communicate with a person or a group of people, usually in order to help or involve them
For any issues relating to the forecast figures, please reach out to your buyer.

Pisać na maszynie, klawiaturze
to write using a machine, either a computer keyboard or a typewriter
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Type
to write using a machine, either a computer keyboard or a typewriter
She asked me to type a couple of letters. Please be careful when typing the password.

Próbować
to try to do something, especially something difficult
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Attempt
to try to do something, especially something difficult
There's no point in even attempting an explanation - he'll never listen.

Częściowy
not complete
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Partial
not complete
He made a partial repayment of the loan.

Odebrać
to go to a place and bring someone or something away from it
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Collect
to go to a place and bring someone or something away from it
Your shoes will be repaired and ready for you to collect on Thursday.

Przybliżony
not exact or detailed
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Rough
not exact or detailed
She made a rough estimate/calculation of the likely cost.

Zwyczajny
not different or special or unexpected in any way; usual
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Ordinary
not different or special or unexpected in any way; usual
Her last concert appearance in Britain was no ordinary performance.

Dotyczyć
to involve someone or something; have to do with
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Concern
to involve someone or something; have to do with
This is an issue that should concern everyone.

Skład
the parts, substances, etc. that something is made of
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Composition
the parts, substances, etc. that something is made of
The composition of the atmosphere. The social composition of villages.

Doradzać
to give someone useful information, or to tell them what you think they should do
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Advise (sb) on sth
to give someone useful information, or to tell them what you think they should do
Lawyers advise on deals and customer law. Is this something you can advise on?

Prośba, wniosek
the act of politely or officially asking for something
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Request
the act of politely or officially asking for something
They received hundreds of requests for more information.

Wysłać
to send something, especially goods or a message, somewhere for a particularpurpose
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Dispatch
to send something, especially goods or a message, somewhere for a particularpurpose
Two loads of cloth were dispatched to the factory on 12 December.

Niniejszym
with these words or with this action
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Hereby
with these words or with this action
I hereby pronounce you man and wife

Pomijać
to fail to include or do something
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Omit
to fail to include or do something
She omitted to inform the authorities of their visit.

Odmawiać, odrzucać
to say that you will not do or accept something
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Refuse
to say that you will not do or accept something
He's in trouble but he's refused all (my offers of) help

Wywodzić się od czegoś
to come from something
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Derive from sth
to come from something
The English word "olive" is derived from the Latin word "oliva".

Sprawdzać coś, szukać czegoś
to try to find a piece of information by looking in a book or on a computer
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Look sth up
to try to find a piece of information by looking in a book or on a computer
If you don't know what the word means, look it up in a dictionary.

Prąd (nurt)
a movement of water, air, or electricity in a particular direction
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Current
a movement of water, air, or electricity in a particular direction
To swim against/with the current. Switch off the electric current before changing the bulb.

Obwód (zamknięty)
a closed system of wires or pipes through which electricity or liquid canflow
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Circuit
a closed system of wires or pipes through which electricity or liquid canflow
A defect was found in the water-cooling/electrical circuit.

Prawdopodobne
If something is likely, it will probably happen or is expected
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Likely
If something is likely, it will probably happen or is expected
What's the likely outcome of this whole business?

Wynik, rezultat
a result or effect of an action, situation, etc
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Outcome
a result or effect of an action, situation, etc
It's too early to predict the outcome of the meeting.

Wydajność, produkcja, dane wyjściowe
an amount of something produced by a person, machine, factory, country, etc
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Output
an amount of something produced by a person, machine, factory, country, etc
If they want to increase output from the factory, they'll have to modernize.

Przezwyciężać
to defeat or succeed in controlling or dealing with something
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Overcome
to defeat or succeed in controlling or dealing with something
Eventually she managed to overcome her shyness in class.

Ostatecznie, wreszcie, w końcu
in the end, finally, especially after a long time or a lot of effort, problems, etc.
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Eventually
in the end, finally, especially after a long time or a lot of effort, problems, etc.
It might take him ages but he'll do it eventually

Nadmiar, nadwyżka
an amount that is more than acceptable, expected, or reasonable
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Excess
an amount that is more than acceptable, expected, or reasonable
An excess of enthusiasm is not always a good thing.

Konkurować
to try to be more successful than someone or something else
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Compete
to try to be more successful than someone or something else
It's difficult for a small shop to compete against/with the big supermarkets.

Utknąć
unable to move, or set in a particular position, place, or way of thinking
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Stuck
unable to move, or set in a particular position, place, or way of thinking
This door seems to be stuck - can you help me push it open?

Równorzędny, odpowiednik
something that has the same amount, value, purpose, qualities, etc. as something else
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Equivalent
something that has the same amount, value, purpose, qualities, etc. as something else
There is no English equivalent for "bon appetit" so we have adopted the French expression. Is $50 equivalent to about £30?

Dokładny
correct, exact, and without any mistakes
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Accurate
correct, exact, and without any mistakes
The number is accurate to three decimal places.

Najwyraźniej, widocznie
used when the real situation is different from what you thought it was:
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Apparently
used when the real situation is different from what you thought it was:
I thought they were married but apparently not

Planowany, oczekiwany
expected to happen, arrive, etc. at a particular time
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Due (to)
expected to happen, arrive, etc. at a particular time
Their first baby is due in January. He's due to appear in court again on Monday.

Jak na razie dobrze
used to say that an activity has gone well until now
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So far so good
used to say that an activity has gone well until now
I've found a tin of beans. So far so good, but where is the tin opener?

Nie ma za co. Ani trochę.
used as a polite reply after someone has thanked you; used to say "no" or "not" strongly
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Not at all
used as a polite reply after someone has thanked you; used to say "no" or "not" strongly
"Thanks for helping." "Not at all." "I hope it wasn't too much hassle for you." "No, not at all."

Mocny, twardy
not soft but not completely hard; strong and tight
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Firm
not soft but not completely hard; strong and tight
These pears are still too firm to eat. Keep a firm hold of the handrail as you go down

Świadomy, przytomny
awake, thinking, and knowing what is happening around you
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Conscious
awake, thinking, and knowing what is happening around you
He's still conscious but he's very badly injured; It was a conscious decision.

Przeciwdziałać, równoważyć, zapobiegać
to reduce or remove the effect of something unwanted by producing an oppositeeffect
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Counteract
to reduce or remove the effect of something unwanted by producing an oppositeeffect
Drinking a lot of water counteracts the dehydrating effects of hot weather. This long filling time counteract the purpose of changing filter.

Rozpocząć się, zaczynać się
to begin something
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Commence
to begin something
Shall we let the meeting commence? We will get your goods ready for despatch for the week commencing 18/02/2019

Przekazać, komunikować
to express a thought, feeling, or idea so that it is understood by other people
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Convey
to express a thought, feeling, or idea so that it is understood by other people
I tried to convey in my speech how grateful we all were for his help. Please convey my regards and congratulations to her

Stąd
that is the reason or explanation for
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Hence
that is the reason or explanation for
He's just got a pay rise, hence the new car. We were busy sending documents to them these two days, besides our usual tasks, hence the late question.

Dokładny, gruntowny, skrupulatny
detailed and careful
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Thorough
detailed and careful
They did a thorough search of the area but found nothing. We could meet to have a thorough discussion.


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