8.2 GRAMMAR: -ING FORM AND INFINITIVE

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Question English
Answer English

Complete the article "An Expert Comments on The Ultimatum Game"
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Use the -ing form, the infinitive or the infinitive + to

Research shows that people tend (respond) differently depending on their cultural context and other factors.
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Research shows that people tend to respond differently depending on their cultural context and other factors.

In Japan, players offered twice as much as those in Peru. But don't make the mistake of (think) that Japanese are more generous than Peruvians.
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In Japan, players offered twice as much as those in Peru. But don't make the mistake of thinking that Japanese are more generous than Peruvians.

Perhaps (be) generous in the game means
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Perhaps being generous in the game means

you want people (think) you are in real life.
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you want people to think you are in real life.

The game gives you the chance (act) unselfishly or not;
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The game gives you the chance to act unselfishly or not;

some people are playing (impress) people.
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some people are playing to impress people.

If it's important to someone (see) as fair,
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If it's important to someone to be seen as fair,

it's easy (act) that way in the game because it's just a game.
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it's easy to act that way in the game because it's just a game.

The Dictator Game is very interesting because no one would imagine a genuine dictator really (share) money.
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The Dictator Game is very interesting because no one would imagine a genuine dictator really sharing money.

True, some players would (keep) everything,
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True, some players would keep everything,

but most people let their partner (have) a share of the money.
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but most people let their partner have a share of the money.

Interestingly, most five-year-olds will (share) at least half of the money
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Interestingly, most five-year-olds will share at least half of the money

they're not interested in (have) the most.
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they're not interested in having the most.

My opinion is that deep down most human beings would rather (cooperate)
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My opinion is that deep down most human beings would rather cooperate

and avoid (exploit) others, in the game and in real life.
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and avoid exploiting others, in the game and in real life.

after a preposition
In Japan, players offered twice as much as those in Peru. But don't make the mistake of thinking that Japanese are more generous than Peruvians. they're not interested in having the most.
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-ing form

to express purpose
some people are playing to impress people.
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infinitive + to

after let someone or make someone
but most people let their partner have a share of the money.
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infinitive

as part of a semi-fixed phrase, e.g. It's important/easy and the chance
The game gives you the chance to act unselfishly or not; If it's important to someone to be seen as fair, it's easy to act that way in the game because it's just a game.
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infinitive + to

as a subject or object (or part of one of these)
Perhaps being generous in the game means
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-ing form

after modal verbs
True, some players would keep everything, Interestingly, most five-year-olds will share at least half of the money
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infinitive

after certain verbs, e.g. enjoy, avoid, imagine
The Dictator Game is very interesting because no one would imagine a genuine dictator really sharing money. and avoid exploiting others, in the game and in real life.
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-ing form

after certain verbs, e.g. want, would like, tend
Research shows that people tend to respond differently depending on their cultural context and other factors. you want people to think you are in real life.
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infinitive + to

after had better, would rather
My opinion is that deep down most human beings would rather cooperate
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infinitive


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