8.1 VOCABULARY: DECISIONS; DESCRIBING PEOPLE

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Question English
Answer English

A decision
postpone; reach; arrive at
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put off a decision

your principles
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go against your principles

a situation
evaluate; explore; look into
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assess a situation

postpone a decision
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put off a decision

reach a decision
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arrive at a decision

follow your principles
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stick to your principles

betray your principles
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go against your principles

evaluate a situation
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assess a situation

explore a situation
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look into a situation

choose to do one thing or another
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arrive at a decision; reach a decision

delay deciding
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postpone a decision; put off a decision

be faithful to what you believe is right
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follow your principles; stick to your principles

do something that you don't believe is right
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go against your principles; betray your principles

look at a situation in detail
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explore a situation; look into a situation

judge a situation
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evaluate a situation; assess a situation

At the store my food came to $10. I gave the cashier $20 but she gave me $100 in change. Obviously, she thought she'd given me a $10 note. I (1) the situation
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At the store my food came to $10. I gave the cashier $20 but she gave me $100 in change. Obviously, she thought she'd given me a $10 note. I evaluated/assessed the situation

I needed money badly, it was her mistake. Should I (2) my principles and keep the money although I knew she might have to pay the missing cash back herself?
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I needed money badly, it was her mistake. Should I go against/betray my principles and keep the money although I knew she might have to pay the missing cash back herself?

In the end, I (3) a decision.
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In the end, I arrived at/reached a decision.

The night before my final school exams, a classmate sent me an email with the exam answers in an attachment. What should I do? Ignore the email or (4) the situation by asking him why he'd sent it and who else he'd sent it to?
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The night before my final school exams, a classmate sent me an email with the exam answers in an attachment. What should I do? Ignore the email or look into/explore the situation by asking him why he'd sent it and who else he'd sent it to?

I really wanted to (5) my principles and do the exam without cheating.
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I really wanted to (5) my principles and do the exam without cheating.

I (6) the decision by going to bed. In the morning, it was clear to me what to do...
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I put off/postponed the decision by going to bed. In the morning, it was clear to me what to do...

How could you reword these phrases
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without using the compound adjectives?

The 91-year-old widow
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a widow who is 91 years old

$4,000 in bubble-wrapped bills
Bubble wrap is a pliable transparent plastic material used for packing fragile items. Regularly spaced, protruding air-filled hemispheres (bubbles) provide cushioning for fragile items.
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$4,000 in bills which are wrapped in bubble-wrap

bank-robbing daughter
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a daughter who robbed a bank

find a compound adjective above which is formed with a past participle
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bubble-wrapped

find a compound adjective above which is formed with a present participle (verb + -ing)
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bank-robbing

find a compound adjective above which is formed with a number and measure of age/time
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91-year-old

The baby is three days old.
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She's a three-day-old baby

I like clothes that people make by hand.
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I like hand-made clothes.

That wall is 15 metres high.
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It's a 15-metre-high wall.

That moment changed my life.
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It was a life-changing moment.

The TV series has run for a long time.
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It's a long-running TV series.

The course is five years long.
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It's a five-year-long course.

Elaine Jones has very good qualifications.
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She's very well-qualified.

Research is an activity that consumes a lot of time.
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It's a time-consuming activity.

A (one who is twelve years old) child shouldn't be left alone at home.
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A twelve-year-old child shouldn't be left alone at home.

All outdoor cafés should be (you can't smoke there)
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All outdoor cafés should be non-smoking.

A (it lasts two months) holiday is too long.
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A two-month holiday is too long.

It's hard for me to remember names, especially (ones that sound odd) names.
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It's hard for me to remember names, especially odd-sounding names.

Auto manufacturers should spend more money developing a (solar energy powers it) car.
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Auto manufacturers should spend more money developing a solar-powered car.

I would never live at the top of a (it's twenty storeys) building.
storey: a floor or level of a building
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I would never live at the top of a twenty-storey building.

(1)-haired
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curly-haired

brown-eyed

(3)-tanned
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sun-tanned

(4)-haired
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dark-haired

(5)-shouldered
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broad-shouldered

(6)-fitting jeans
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tight-fitting jeans

(7)-heeled shoes
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high-heeled shoes

(8)-new dress
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brand-new dress

curly-haired
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straight-haired

dark-haired
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fair-haired

tight-fitting jeans
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loose-fitting jeans


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