3. 1 NARRATIVE TENSES

 0    55 flashcards    josehbaltazar
download mp3 print play test yourself
 
Question English
Answer English

Read the first paragraph of "Performance of a lifetime?" again
start learning
and underline examples of

the past simple
start learning
gathered, it was, was announced
was announced - Past simple, passive

the past perfect simple
(had + past participle)
start learning
had sold

the past continuous
(was/were + veb + -ing)
start learning
was wearing

the past perfect continuous
(had + been + verb + -ing)
start learning
had been looking,

Rule 1 Use the past simple for completed actions which give the main events in a story.
start learning
Many years ago a crowd gathered, it was a gorgeous spring evening

Rule 2 Use the past continuous for actions in progress at a particular time or when another (shorter) action happened. Also use it to set the scene of a story.
start learning
and everyone was wearing their finest clothes

Rule 3 Use the past perfect simple for completed actions that happened before the main events.
start learning
Tickets had sold out weeks before

Rule 4 Use the past perfect continuous for longer actions that started before other events and often continued up to them.
start learning
and opera fans had been looking forward to this epic moment ever

Look at the numbered verbs in both stories.
start learning
How each example fits one of the rules of narrative tenses.

began
the performance began.
start learning
main event in the story
RULE 1

had appeared
who had never appeared in a major opera before
start learning
action that happened before the main events
RULE 3

was driving
One day a man was driving down a small country road
start learning
to set the scene of the story
RULE 2

had been standing
the woman had been standing there for a long time
start learning
action that happened before the main events
RULE 4

was shevering
the woman was shevering badly
start learning
when another action happened
RULE 2

he'd finished
After he'd finished the job.
start learning
action that happened before the main events
RULE 3

drove
the woman drove into the next town
start learning
one of the main events in the story
RULE 1

was paying
when she was paying for her meal
start learning
when another action happened
RULE 2

remembered
the old lady remembered what Steve Hunt had said
start learning
one of the main events of the story
RULE 1

had said
what Steve Hunt had said
start learning
action that happened before the main events
RULE 3

Complete the story.
start learning
with the correct verbs in brackets

He (never see) such beautiful birds before.
start learning
He'd never seen such beautiful birds before.

He gave them to a man who (train) falcons for him for many years.
start learning
He gave them to a man who had been trainning falcons for him for many years.

A month later, the king (sit) on his balcony
start learning
A month later, the king was sitting on his balcony

when he (notice) one of the falcons in the sky,
start learning
when he noticed one of the falcons in the sky,

but he (not see) the other one.
start learning
but he didn't see the other one.
couldn't see is also possible

Deeply disappointed, he discovered that the falcon (sit) on the same branch since its arrival.
start learning
Deeply disappointed, he discovered that the falcon had been sitting on the same branch since its arrival

The king (call) healers and magicians
start learning
The king called healers and magicians

After he (try) everything
start learning
After he'd tried everything

eventually the king (realise) that he needed someone
start learning
eventually the king realised that he needed someone

The very next morning, the king was thrilled to see that the second falcon (fly) high in the sky alongside the first.
start learning
The very next morning, the king was thrilled to see that the second falcon was flying high in the sky alongside the first.

I simply (cut) the branch
start learning
I simply cut the branch

the branch where the bird (sit)
start learning
the branch where the bird was sitting.

What is the moral of this story? How could you apply the moral in your life?
start learning
Occam's razor is more commonly described as 'the simplest answer is most often correct,' although this is an oversimplification. The 'correct' interpretation is that entities should not be multiplied needlessly.

Complete the sentences
start learning
using the correct narrative tenses

She (forget) her key.
start learning
She'd forgotten her key.

She (rob) the house.
start learning
She was robbing the house.

She (paint) the downstairs floors all evening and they hadn't dried yet.
start learning
She'd been painting the downstairs floors all evening and they hadn't dried yet.

She (use) the door all her life and she wanted a change.
start learning
She'd been using the door all her life and she wanted a change.

Complete the news story by putting the verbs in brackets in the correct narrative tense.
In one case, more than one tense is possible.
start learning
Missing child found safe and sound

A search for a missing child in East Paterson (end) happly, last week after five-year-old Ricky Ross was found asleep in his own room.
start learning
A search for a missing child in East Paterson ended happily, last week after five-year-old Ricky Ross was found asleep in his own room.

Last Monday, Julie Ross, the boy's mother, (work) in the front garden
start learning
Last Monday, Julie Ross, the boy's mother, was working in the front garden

when she (hear) her son cry out.
start learning
when she heard her son cry out.

He (play) in the living room
start learning
He'd been playing in the living room

but when she (run) to the house,
start learning
but when she ran to the house,

she (see) that the back door was open and there was no sign of her son.
start learning
she saw that the back door was open and there was no sign of her son.

Neighbours (join) in the search
start learning
Neighbours joined in the search

and when they (search) in the forest behind the house,
start learning
and when they were searching in the forest behind the house,

they (find) a few pieces of children's clothing.
start learning
they found a few pieces of children's clothing.

There was initial panic but it was soon clear that the clothing (be) there for years and didn't belong to the boy.
start learning
There was initial panic but it was soon clear that the clothing had been there for years and didn't belong to the boy.

Ricky was eventually found by another child who (go) into the boy's room
start learning
Ricky was eventually found by another child who had gone/went into the boy's room

while the search (go) on
start learning
while the search was going on

because she (hear) a noise from the toy box.
start learning
because she'd heard a noise from the toy box.

When she (open) it, there was Ricky safe and sound -
start learning
When she opened it, there was Ricky safe and sound -

he (sleep) in the toy box the whole time, unaware of the panic he had caused.
start learning
he'd been sleeping in the toy box the whole time, unaware of the panic he had caused.


You must sign in to write a comment