2. 2. YOU'RE BEING WATCHED: THE PASSIVE

 0    47 flashcards    josehbaltazar
download mp3 print play test yourself
 
Question English
Answer English

RULE 1 Use the passive to put the focus on the person or thing affected by the action
start learning
I've been given quite a few fines over the years.

RULE 2 a) Use the passive when the person or thing that did the action: a) is obvious.
start learning
But we're being sent stuff all the time anyway.

RULE 2 b) Use the passive when the person or thing that did the action: b) is unknown.
start learning
Not long ago a friend of mine was robbed at a bus stop.

RULE 2 c) Use the passive when the person or thing that did the action: c) isn't important.
start learning
I don't want to be sent adverts from companies that I don't know.

RULE 2 d) Use the passive when the person or thing that did the action: d) isn't the main focus.
start learning
I think statistically more crimes are solved because of CCTV than not.

RULE 3 Use the passive to bring the object of the verb to the beginning of the sentence,
start learning
Money should be spent somewhere else to be honest.

RULE 4 Use the passive to make certain written texts (e.g. academic) more impersonal or formal.
start learning
I think statistically more crimes are solved because of CCTV than not.

Not long ago a friend of mine was robbed at a bus stop.
start learning
was robbed

I think statistically more crimes are solved because of CCTV than not.
start learning
are solved

I don't want to be sent adverts from companies that I don't know.
start learning
to be sent

But we're being sent stuff all the time anyway.
start learning
we're being sent

I've been given quite a few fines over the years.
start learning
I've been given

Money should be spent somewhere else to be honest.
start learning
should be spent

A friend of mine was robbed.
start learning
friend, robbed

More crimes are solved.
start learning
more, crimes, solved

I don't want to be sent adverts.
start learning
want, sent adverts

We're being sent stuff all the time.
start learning
sent, stuff, time

Money should be spent somewhere else.
start learning
Money, else

A cat's, operated, this, My, being, on, afternoon
start learning
My cat's being operated on this afternoon.

be, He'll, later, or, sooner, caught
start learning
He'll be caught sooner or later.

badly, in, fire, was, burnt, the, Kim
start learning
Kim was burnt badly/badly burnt in the fire.

of, middle, the, in, up, woken, being, mind, don't, They, night, the
start learning
They don't mind being woken up in the middle of the night.

is, the, catches, It, that, bird, worm, said, early, the
start learning
It is said that the early bird catches the worm.

the, asked, whole, I've, give, been, to, speech, to, school, a
start learning
I've been asked to give a speech to the whole school

at, by, She's, be, desk, day, to, her, 9 a.m., expected, every
start learning
She's expected to be at her desk by 9 a.m. every day.

monitored, sometimes, emails, supervisor, by, their, are, Employees'
start learning
Employees' emails are sometimes monitored by their supervisor.

hurt, you, care, Someone, get, if, could, take, don'y
start learning
Someone could get hurt if you don't take care.

crash, nobody, It, has, is, survived, believed, the, that
start learning
It is believed that nobody has survived the crash.

Google Street View (use) to help find a kidnapped child in rural Georgia.
start learning
Google Street View has been used to help find a kidnapped child in rural Georgia.

Ten-year-old Maria Nadal, from Atlanta, Georgia, (find) safely at a motel on Tuesday.
start learning
Ten-year-old Maria Nadal, from Atlanta, Georgia, was found safely at a motel on Tuesday.

She (discovered) by Police Officer Ned Beales and Deputy Fire Chief Louis Thomas.
start learning
She was discovered by Police Officer Ned Beales and Deputy Fire Chief Louis Thomas

They (put) the coordinates from Maria's mobile phone into Google Street View and were able to identify one of the buildings as a motel.
start learning
They put the coordinates from Maria's mobile phone into Google Street View and were able to identify one of the buildings as a motel.

A woman (arrest).
start learning
A woman has been arrested.

She (believe) to be Maria's grandmother,
start learning
She's believed to be Maria's grandmother,

and family friends said that the woman had complained about (separate) from the little girl.
start learning
and family friends said that the woman had complained about being separated from the little girl.

Legal experts say she (might, give) a warning and a fine rather than go to prison because she is a family member.
start learning
Legal experts say she might be given a warning and a fine rather than go to prison because she is a family member.

Read the text about microchips. Underline the best form, active or passive, so that it a) keeps the focus on the main ideas and b) is correct.
start learning
Microchips are everywhere...

... and their uses range from the ordinary to the more worrying. For example, (?) in food packaging.
companies can place them/they can be placed
start learning
... and their uses range from the ordinary to the more worrying. For example, they can be placed in food packaging.
This keeps microchips as the main focus

Then your fridge monitors your food so that (?) when it's time for
they can remind you/you can be reminded
start learning
Then your fridge monitors your food so that you can be reminded when it's time for
now the focus shifts to "you" and what "you" do, i.e., it's not focusing primarily on the microchips anymore

you can be reminded when it's time for (?).
you to buy something/a product to be bought.
start learning
you can be reminded when it's time for you to buy something.
keep the focus on "you"

The medical world has suggested that (?) in newborn babies. Then the person's movements and habits can be tracked throughout their lives.
doctors could implant microchips/microchips could be implanted
start learning
The medical world has suggested that microchips could be implanted in newborn babies. Then the person's movements and habits can be tracked throughout their lives.
keep the focus on microchips, the main topic of the whole text

(?) in criminals
Scientists could also implant/ Microchips could also be implanted
start learning
Microchips could also be implanted in criminals
keep the focus on microchips

so that police can (?) track of them,
keep/be kept
start learning
so that police can keep track of them,
"police" is the subject or agent of the verb, so it needs an active verb

and possibly identify the whereabouts of known criminals at the time (?)
someone commits a crime/a crime is committed.
start learning
and possibly identify the whereabouts of known criminals at the time a crime is committed.
we don't know who commits the crime

And if you're a kind of person who loses things easily, (?)
you can buy a set of clip-on microchips/a set of clip-on microchips can be bought
start learning
And if you're a kind of person who loses things easily, you can buy a set of clip-on microchips
the new focus is on "you", established at the beginning of this sentence

which (?) to any object you want to keep track of - for example your handbag.
you can attach/can be attached
start learning
which can be attached to any object you want to keep track of - for example your handbag.
both answers are possible, but "can be attached" sounds better since the focus has just shifted to "a set of clip-on microchips"

If the object gets lost, (?) to find it.
you can use your phone/your phone can be used
start learning
If the object gets lost, your phone can be used to find it.
both answers are possible, "you can use your phone" sounds slightly less formal


You must sign in to write a comment