PRESENT PERFECT TENSE

 0    56 flashcards    josehbaltazar
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Question English
Answer English

Choose something you (?) before.
(never / do)
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Choose something you've never done before.

I (?) my first challenge.
(just / finish)
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I've just finished my first challenge.

In the last six months I (?) how to sail.
(learn)
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In the last six months I've learnt how to sail.

I (?) yoga for years.
(do)
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I've done yoga for years.

Past simple is
I lived in Lisbon for 5 years.
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a verb tense used to speak about finished actions in the past.
and I don't live in Lisbon anymore.

Present perfect
I have lived in Lisbon for 5 years.
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It links the past to the present.
and I live in Lisbon yet.

I have seen this movie 3 times.
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The Present Perfect is used to speak about a completed action or experience that happened at some time in the past.

I have completed the report.
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The Present Perfect is used to speak about a completed action still relevant in the present.

I have lived in Lisbon since 2009.
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The Present Perfect is used to speak about an uncompleted state or repeated action that started in the past but continues to the present.

Structure of the Present Perfect:
I have lived in Lisbon for 5 years.
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Subject + aux (have) + Past Participle + other words

Time phrases/expressions to use when talking about the past. Present Perfect
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Just/already, not yet/ never, recently/lately, since/so far, up to now/until now, over the last fortnight/year//still not.

Time phrases/expressions to use when talking about the past. Past Simple.
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yesterday/ago, this time last week/on Tuesday, on the 12th of May//last week/month/year/winter, when I was younger/a child//until then.

Time phrases/expressions to use when talking about the past. Both. Present Perfect and Past Simple.
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never/always, for/for several years//before, in the summer/today, this morning/afternoon (finished period or not)

I had coffe this morning.
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Finished period.

I've already had coffee this morning.
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Period not finished.

Use the present perfect for:
Rule 1.
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a complete action or experience at an unspecified time before now, often with phrases such as ever / never, this week, this month.
Choose something you've never done before. In the last six months I've learnt how to sail.

Use the present perfect for:
Rule 2.
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a recent completed action at an unspecified time before now that has a present result, often with words like just / already.
I've just finished my first challenge.

Use the present perfect for:
Rule 3.
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states or actions which are not complete; they began in the past and continue up to now, often with for or since.
I've done yoga for years.

Time phrases which are usually used with the present perfect:
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up to now, so far, recently, this morning, over the last fortnight, not yet, still not.
this morning (if it is still the morning when you are speaking, period not finished)

Time phrases which are usually used with the past simple
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this time last week

Time phrases which are usually used with both,
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this morning, for several years
this morning (Past Simple if it is now the afternoon and you are looking back at a finished period, i.e. the morning)

Listen and write sentences 1-6. In each sentence: 1. underline two stressed words. 2. circle have/has where a is weakened to schwa. 3. draw a line to show linking between a final consonant and an initial vowel.
1. Have you tried it before? 2. I've thought about it a lot. 3. Has he seen my last email? 4. She's changed her address. 5. My kids have gone out. 6. Has she phoned anyone yet?
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tried, before; thought, lot; seen, email; changed, address; kids, out; phoned, yet
Have; Has; have; Has. _it; _it_a_lot, _email, _out, _anyone

Complete the sentences with the present perfect or past simple of the verbs in the box. Include the adverbs in brackets.
do, give, be, go, live, play, try, learn, buy, get
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What would you like to try for one month?

I (be) (always) afraid of water, but I finally (learn) to swim in the summer. Now I'd like to try diving.
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I've always been afraid of water, but I finally learnt to swim in the summer. Now I'd like to try diving.

I (get) (just) a high-quality video camera; my sister (give) it to me for my birthday. So I'd like to learn how to edit a film.
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I have just got a high-quality video camera; my sister gave it to me for my birthday. So I'd like to learn how to edit a film.

I love music and I (play) the piano for many years now, but there's one instrument I(try) (not so far): the guitar.
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I love music and I've played the piano for many years now, but there's one instrument I haven't tried so far: the guitar.

I (buy) (never) anything online -I'm paranoid about giving my credit card details, but I know it's cheaper, so that would be my choice.
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I've never bought anything online - I'm paranoid about giving my credit card details, but I know it's cheaper, so that would be my choice.

Hiking in the Alps, I (live) in Austria since I was born, and everyone in my family (go) to the Alps hiking loads of times. But somehow I (do) (still not) a proper hike.
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Hiking in the Alps, I've lived in Austria since I was born, and everyone in my family has been/gone to the Alps hiking loads of times. But somehow I still haven't done a proper hike

Complete the email with the past simple or present perfect of the verbs in brackets.
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To m. smith24@gmailbox.com

Dear Mum and Dad, Sorry I (not write) in a while, but things are crazy here.
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Sorry I haven't writen in a while, but things are crazy here.

I can't believe it (be) six months ago that I left
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I can't believe it was six months ago that I left

and that we (not see) each other for that long.
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and that we haven't seen each other for that long.

This trip (be) fantastic so far, at least until a few days ago.
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This trip has been fantastic so far, at least until a few days ago,

when things (take) a turn for the worse.
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when things took a turn for the worse.

We (arrive) in the city centre
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We arrived in the city centre

and (check)
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and checked

into the first hotel we (see).
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into the first hotel we saw.

Now, you know I (stay) in a lot of one-star hotels in my life,
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Now, you know I've stayed in a lot of one-star hotels in my life,

but this one (be) really bad.
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but this one was really bad,

so we (decide) to go straight out to see the city.
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so we decided to go straight out to see the city.

Unfortunately, we (forget) to lock our room,
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Unfortunately, we forgot to lock our room,

and when we (get) back, our luggage and most of our money was gone.
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and when we got back, our luggage and most of our money was gone.

We (call) the police right away,
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We called the police right away,

and I (go) back to the police station several times since then,
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and I've been/gone back to the police station several times since then,

but no one (hand) in any of our things.
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but no one has handed in any of our things.

I've never played squash (?)
before moving here / before.
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I've never played squash before.

No wonder I've got a headache! It's two o'clock and I didn't have a coffee(?)
this morning / this afternoon.
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No wonder I've got a headache! It's two o'clock and I didn't have a coffee this morning.

(?), I always believed that English was easy.
Up to now / Until I took this course
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Until I took this course, I always believed that English was easy.

I've known Maria (?) ten years now.
for / since
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I've known Maria for ten years now.

(?) I haven't missed any classes.
So far / In the first week of term
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So far I haven't missed any classes.

I had trouble concentrating at work (?) I got new glasses.
since/ until
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I had trouble concentrating at work until I got new glasses.

I've never ridden a scooter again (?) the accident.
after / since
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I've never ridden a scooter again since the accident.

I haven't worked (?) so money is tight.
this month / last month
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I haven't worked this month so money is tight.

I haven't downloaded it (?).
already / yet.
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I haven't downloaded it yet.

We came back from holiday(?)
this time last week / lately.
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We came back from holiday this time last week.

The present perfect is
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a past present

Present Perfect Tense

Present perfect tense is a grammatical combination of the present and the past that used to express past event that has present consequences which is commonly used in everyday conversations, in the news, on the radio, and writing letters. The present perfectis most frequently used to talk about experiences or changes that have taken place, but there are other less common uses as well. Through the present perfect tense examplegiven in flashcard, users can clearly understand how Present perfect tenseworks and how to apply it in real life.

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