Untranslatable - Yang tidak dapat diterjemahkan

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Question Answer
"to be" used as a link between subject and nouns
I am a doctor.
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adalah
(subject + adalah + noun); Indonesian verbs do not conjugate
Saya adalah seorang dokter.
"to be" used as a link between subject and adjective
lit. "You beautiful."
You are beautiful.
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no direct translation; in Indonesian we just mention the subject (kau = you) and the adjective (cantik = beautiful) without using any verb in between
(subject + to be + adjective); Indonesian verbs do not conjugate
Kau cantik.
"to be" used as a liaison verb that says someone/something is doing something
She is watching TV.
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sedang
(subject + sedang + action); Indonesian verbs do not conjugate
Dia sedang menonton TV.
"to be" used as a link between subject and adverb
They are at school.
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berada
(subject + berada + adverb); Indonesian verbs do not conjugate
Mereka berada di sekolah.

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