ser, estar, tener - to be, to have

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(yo) soy
Soy española.
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I am
I'm
I'm Spanish.

(tú) eres
Eres muy alto.
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you are
you're
You're really tall.

él / ella / ello es
Es un buen doctor.
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he / she / it is
he's / she's / it's
He's a good doctor.

(nosotros) somos
Somos de Londres.
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we are
we're
We're from London.

(vosotros) sois
¿Sois profesores?
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you are
you're
Are you teachers?

ellos / ellas son
Son arquitectos.
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they are
they're
They're architects.

(yo) estoy
Estoy cansada.
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I am
I'm
I'm tired.

(tú) estás
¿Por qué estás tan enfadado?
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you are
you're
Why are you so angry?

él / ella / ello está
¿Está Miguel ocupado ahora mismo?
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he / she / it is
he's / she's / it's
Is Michael busy right now?

(nosotros) estamos
Estamos listos, podemos salir ahora.
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we are
we're
We're ready, we can go now.

(vosotros) estáis
¿Estáis libres esta noche?
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you are
you're
Are you free tonight?

ellos / ellas están
Están muy satisfechos con tu trabajo.
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they are
they're
They're really satisfied with your work.

(yo) fui
En los años 90 fui estudiante del colegio.
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I was
I was a school student in the 1990s.

(yo) era
Cuando era niño, no tenía amigos.
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I was
When I was a child, I didn´t use to have friends...

(tú) fuiste
Fuiste el úlitmo en la meta.
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you were
You were the last at the finish line.

(tú) eras
¿Eras un adolescente problemático?
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you were/used to be
Were you a problem adolescent?

él / ella / ello fue
La vida de Mozart fue muy corta.
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he / she / it was
he's / she's / it's
The life of Mozart was really short.

él / ella / ello era
Van Gogh era un pobre.
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he / she / it was
he's / she's / it's
Van Gogh was a poor man.

(nosotros) fuimos
Ayer fuiste el mejor jugador del partido.
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we were
Yesterday you were the best player of the match.

(nosotros) eramos
Eramos el mejor equipo del barrio.
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we were/used to be
We were the best team in our neighborhood.

(vosotros) fuisteis
un espectáculo particular
Fuisteis los mejores actores del espectáculo.
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you were
You were the best actors of the performance.

(vosotros) erais
Erais los mejores estudiantes del colegio.
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you were/used to be/used to be
You were the best students of the school.

ellos / ellas fueron
una competición particular
Los polacos fueron los triunfadores de la competición.
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they were
they're
The Poles were the winners of the competition.

ellos / ellas eran
Mis abuelos eran músicos.
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they were/used to be
they're
My grandparents were musicians.

(yo) estuve
Ayer estuve en un concierto que me gustó mucho.
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I was
Yesterday I was at a concert which I really enjoyed.

(yo) estaba
Corrí 5 km y estaba muy cansada.
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I was
I ran 5 km and I was tired.

(tú) estuviste
¿Visitaste el Park Güell cuando estuviste en Barcelona?
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you were
Did you visit Park Güell when you were in Barcelone?

(tú) estabas
¿Estabas orgulloso de nuestro equipo?
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you were
Were you proud of our team?

él / ella / ello estuvo
Ayer Pedro estuvo ausente en el trabajo.
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he / she / it was
he's / she's / it's
Yesterday Peter was absent from work.

él / ella / ello estaba
Mónica no vino porque estaba enferma.
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he / she / it was
he's / she's / it's
Mónica didn´t come, because was sick.

(nosotros) estuvimos
Ayer estuvimos en un espectáculo de baile.
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we were
Yesterday we were at a dance show.

(nosotros) estábamos
Estábamos cansados y no vinimos a la fiesta.
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we were
We were tired so we didn't come to the party.

(vosotros) estuvisteis
¿Dónde estuvisteis de vacaciones?
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you were
Where were you on holidays?

(vosotros) estabais
¿Estábais contentos con la compra?
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you were
Were you satisfied with the shopping?

ellos / ellas estuvieron
Estuvieron en la reunión pero no votaron.
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they were
they're
They're present at the meeting, but they didn't vote.

ellos / ellas estaban
Las gafas de la abuela estaban sobre la mesa.
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they were
they're
Grandma's glasses were on the table.

(yo) seré
En el futuro seré un millonario.
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I will be
I'll be
In the future, I'll be a millionaire.

(tú) serás
Serás un médico muy bueno.
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you will be
you'll be
You'll be a good doctor.

él / ella / ello será
Creo que mi hija será muy alta.
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he / she / it will be
he'll be / she'll be / it'll be
I guess that my daughter will be very tall.

(nosotros) seremos
En el futuro seremos ricos.
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we will be
we'll be
We'll be rich in the future.

(vosotros) seréis
Seguro que seréis los campeones.
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you will be
you'll be
I'm sure, you'll be the champions.

ellos / ellas serán
Creo que en el futuro mis hijos serán espabilados.
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they will be
they'll be
I guess, my children'll be quite wise people in the future.

(yo) estaré
Estaré libre mañana por la tarde.
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I will be
I'll be
I'll be free tomorrow afternoon.

(tú) estarás
¿Estarás en la casa el lunes?
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you will be
you'll be
Will you be home on Monday?

él / ella / ello estará
Estará austente del trabajo la semana que viene.
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he / she / it will be
he'll be / she'll be / it'll be
He'll be absent at work next week.

(nosotros) estaremos
Mañana estaremos en Nueva York.
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we will be
we'll be
We'll be in New York tomorrow.

(vosotros) estaréis
¿Cuándo estaréis listos?
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you will be
you'll be
When will you be ready?

ellos / ellas estarán
Mañana mis padres no estarán en casa.
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they will be
they'll be
Tomorrow my parents won´t be home.

(yo) tengo
Tengo 2 hermanas.
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I have
I've
I have 2 sisters.

(tú) tienes
¿Cuántos hermanos tienes?
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you have
you've
How many sibling do you have?

él / ella / ello tiene
Ella tiene 2 gatos.
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he / she / it has
he's / she's / it's
She has 2 cats.

(nosotros) tenemos
Tenemos una casa grande.
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we have
we've
We have a big house.

(vosotros) tenéis
¿Tenéis coche?
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you have
you've
Have you got a car?

ellos / ellas tienen
Tienen un problema.
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they have
they've
They've got a problem.

(yo) tuve
Ayer tuve un accidente.
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I had
I'd
Yesterday I had an accident.

(yo) tenía
Tenía muchos problemas con mi hija cuando era más joven.
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I had
I had plenty of problems with my daughter when she was younger.

(tú) tuviste
¿Tuviste tiempo ayer para llamar a Ana?
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you had
you'd
Did you have time to call Ann yesterday?

(tú) tenías
¿Tenías mucho trabajo cuando eras estudiante?
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you had
Did you have a lot of work when you where at school?

él / ella / ello tuvo
La tía tuvo una gran novedad para nosotros.
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he / she / it had
he'd, she'd, it'd
The aunt had a great news for us.

él / ella / ello tenía
No podía venir porque tenía muchos deberes.
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he / she / it had
he'd, she'd, it'd
She couldn´t come, because she had a lot to do.

(nosotros) tuvimos
Ayer tuvimos una reunión muy larga con el jefe.
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we had
we'd
Yesterday we had a really long meeting with the boss.

(nosotros) teníamos
Cuando mi padre era presidente, teníamos mucho dinero.
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we had

(vosotros) tuvisteis
¿Qué tuvisteis ayer para cenar?
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you had
you'd
What did you have for supper yesterday?

(vosotros) teníais
Tenía muchos amigos cuando vivía en España.
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you had
I had a lot of friends when I lived in Spain.

ellos / ellas tuvieron
Ayer tuvieron una cita con los suegros.
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they had
they'd
Yesterday, they had a meeting with the in-laws.

ellos / ellas tenían
Mis abuelos tenían un coche azul.
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they had
My grandparents had a blue car.

(yo) tendré
En el futuro tendré una casa grande.
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I will have
I'll have
In the future, I'll have a big house.

(tú) tendrás
¿Cuántos hijos crees que tendrás?
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you will have
you'll have
How many children do you think you'll have?

él / ella / ello tendrá
Tendrá muchas oportunidades para practicar inglés.
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he, she, it will have
he'll, she'll, it'll have
He'll have plenty of opportunities for practicing English.

(nosotros) tendremos
Tendremos más tiempo en agosto.
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we will have
we'll have
We'll have more time in August.

(vosotros) tendréis
Mañana tendréis el placer de conocer a Paco.
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you will have
you'll have
You'll have a pleasure to meet Francis tomorrow.

ellos / ellas tendrán
¿Crees que tendrán tiempo para ayudarme?
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they will have
they'll have
Do you think they'll have time to help me?


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