Salud - Health

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enfermarse
[BrE]
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to fall ill

ponerse enfermo / caer enfermo
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to get sick

coger una enfermedad / pillar una enfermedad
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to catch an illness

destrozarse la salud / arruinarse la salud
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to ruin one's health

guardar cama
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to stay in bed

padecer (una enfermedad)
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to suffer from an illness

recuperarse / sanar / restablecerse / ponerse bien / curarse
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to recover

salir de una enfermedad
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to get over an illness

to be deaf

ser ciego / ser invidente
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to be blind

ser alérgico a
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to be allergic to

estar embarazada / estar encinta / estar preñada
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to be pregnant

estar deprimido
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to be depressed

estar abatido
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to be dispirited / to feel down

las enfermedades ginecológicas
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gynaecological diseases

las enfermedades mentales / las enfermedades psíquicas
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mental illnesses

las enfermedades crónicas
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chronic diseases

las enfermedades cutáneas
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skin diseases

ache

to ache

el dolor agudo
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severe pain

el dolor violento
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violent pain

el dolor muscular
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muscle pain

el dolor penetrante
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penetrating pain

el dolor de oídos
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earache

el dolor de muelas
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toothache

el diente desvitalizado
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dead tooth

la dentadura postiza
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false teeth

sacar un diente
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to remove a tooth

anaemia

las anginas
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sore throat

asthma

el astigmatismo
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astigmatism

la crisis nerviosa
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nervous breakdown

el infarto / el ataque cardíaco
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heart attack

el insomnio
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insomnia

la diarrea
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diarrhoea

la enfermedad de Alzheimer
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Alzheimer disease

las convulsiones
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convulsions

breathing difficulties

la peste / la epidemia
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epidemic

tener fiebre
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to have fever

las alucinaciones
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hallucinations

la hemofilia
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haemophilia

la hipocondría
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hypochondria

la infección
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infection

los cálculos renales
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kidney stone

estar acatarrado / tener catarro
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to have a cold

acatarrarse / pillar un catarro
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to catch a cold

el estornudo
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sneeze

tener náuseas
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to feel sick

la ansiedad
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anxiety

la neurosis
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neurosis

la indigestión
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indigestion

la gastritis
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gastritis

el tumor
[BrE]
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tumour

las náuseas
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sickness

respirar con dificultad
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to breathe with difficulty

period

la menstruación / el período
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menstruation

el desmayo / el desfallecimiento
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fainting

desmayarse / caer redondo
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to faint

la quemadura
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burn

la quemadura de primer grado
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first degree burn

la quemadura de segundo grado
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second degree burn

la quemadura de tercer grado
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third degree burn

las palpitaciones
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palpitations

la parálisis
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paralysis

el resfriado
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cold

el constipado / el catarro / la gripe
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flu

resfriarse / constiparse
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to catch a cold

wound

el reumatismo / el reuma
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rheumatism

el cardenal / el moretón
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bruise

el corte / la cortadura
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cut

coma

la lesión
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injury

anger

el agotamiento
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exhaustion

el vómito
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vomit

to bring up / to vomit

la pulmonía / la neumonía
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pneumonia

la intoxicación
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intoxication

el síndrome de Down
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Down syndrome

el estrabismo
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cross-eye

el malestar
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physical discomfort

to recover

physician

el médico de familia / el médico de cabecera
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primary care physician

el médico de guardia
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emergency physician / emergency doctor

el jefe de sección
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head of section / head of department

el alergólogo
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allergist

el anestesista
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anaesthesiologist

el cirujano
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surgeon

el neurocirujano
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neurosurgeon

el fisioterapeuta
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physiotherapist

el ginecólogo
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gynaecologist

el médico general
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physician

el cardiólogo
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cardiologist

el logopeda
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speech therapist

el oftalmólogo
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ophthalmologist

el oncólogo
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oncologist

el ortopeda
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orthopaedist

el pediatra
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paediatrician

el psiquiatra
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psychiatrist

examinar a un enfermo
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to examine a patient

el examen médico
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medical examination

ir al médico
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to go to see a doctor

el horario de consultas
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doctor's office hours

las horas de consulta
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doctor's office hours

tener una cita médica
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to have a doctor's visit

el consultorio (médico)
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doctor's office

la sala de espera
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waiting room

el hospital infantil
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children's hospital

el hospital militar
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military hospital

la sección (del hospital)
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hospital section

el quirófano
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operating room

la mesa de operaciones
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operating table

hospitalizar
[BrE]
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to hospitalise

poner en observación
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to put under observation

to operate (on)

formular un diagnóstico
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to make a diagnosis

llamar a un médico
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to call the doctor

llamar a una ambulancia
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to call an ambulance

consultar al médico
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to consult a doctor

el análisis de orina
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urine test

el análisis de sangre
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blood test

el grupo sanguíneo
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blood group

bandage

la venda elástica
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elastic bandage

pill

los electrochoques
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electroshocks

la fisioterapia
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physiotherapy

la homeopatía
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homeopathy

drops

las gotas para los ojos
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eye drops

el bisturí
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surgical knife

el tratamiento
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treatment

la endocrinoterapia
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hormone therapy / hormonal therapy

el analgésico
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painkiller

massage

el masaje terapéutico
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therapeutic massage

tomar la presión (sanguínea)
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to take one's blood pressure

la toma de la presión (sanguínea) B1
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taking blood pressure

tomar la temperatura
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to take one's temperature

la toma de temperatura
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taking temperature

la anestesia general
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general anaesthesia

la camilla
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stretcher

la pastilla / la píldora
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tablet / pill

el esparadrapo
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plaster

tomar la sangre
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to take blood sample

la toma de sangre
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blood test

el test de embarazo
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pregnancy test

la rehabilitación
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rehabilitation / physical therapy

dar a luz / parir
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to give birth

birth

el parto natural
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natural birth

el vendaje
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bandage

el comprimido
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pill

el termómetro
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thermometer

la transfusión sanguínea
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blood transfusion

la inyección
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injection

to breathe

to sweat

parecerse a alguien
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to take after somebody

subir de peso
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to gain weight

pasar la edad
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to pass an age

tomar dos pastillas al día
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to take two pills twice a day

únicamente con receta médica
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on prescription only

estornudar
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to sneeze

el sufrimiento
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suffering

el rescate
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rescue

el auxilio
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assistance / aid

pulse

dose

la urgencia
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emergency

el remedio
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remedy

encapricharse con alguien
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to fancy somebody

la consulta médica
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doctor's appointment

insurance

tomar una medicina
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to take medication

prescription

motion sickness / travel sickness

la hemorragia
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stroke / haemorrhage

la erupción cutánea
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rash

la inconsciencia
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unconsciousness

el somnífero
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sleeping pill

el medicamento soporífero
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soporific drug

poison

la silla de ruedas
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wheelchair

el botiquín
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medicine cabinet / first-aid kit

los problemas del corazón
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heart condition

la hinchazón
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swelling

el servicio nocturno
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night duty

el pañuelo de papel
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tissues

el kleenex
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Kleenex

atender en el hospital
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to admit to hospital

dar de alta
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to discharge from hospital

la medicina natural
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natural medicine

evitar algo
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to prevent something

el chequeo de rutina
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check-ups

sickly

frail

sentir dolor en todo el cuerpo
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to feel pain all over one's body

sentirse mal
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to feel unwell

recuperar la salud
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to be on the mend

devastador
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devastating

to infect (somebody with an illness)

los efectos secundarios (de la medicación)
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side effects (of a drug)

hacer el papel de alguien
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to play the role of somebody

en el estado crítico
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critically ill

estar mareado / marearse
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to feel dizzy

tener sensación de mareo
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have dizziness

duro de oído
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hard of hearing

con discapacidad auditiva
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hearing impaired

ser adicto a algo
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to be addicted to something


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