New Year's Challenge

 0    327 flashcards    magdalenagmyrek4
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Question English Answer English
extremly beautiful or attractive; shocking or very impressive
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stunning
tracić ważność
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expire
to give freedom or free movement to someone or sth
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release
the situation in which there is more than enough of sth
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abundance
to show or experience great surprise or admiration
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marvel
A person related to you who lived a long time ago
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ancestor
wishing you had what another person has
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envious
arranged or decided already and not able to be changed
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fixed
used to emphasize that you mean exactly what you are saying and nothing more
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merely
jedynie
I wasn't complaining, I merely said that I was tired.
responsible for sth or someone
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in charge of (sth/someone)
odpowiedzialny za
The teacher put me in charge of organizing the project.
in a strange and sometimes unpleasant way
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peculiarly
osobliwie, dziwnie
He looked at me most peculiarly.
to discover or describe the exact facts about sth
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pinpoint
sprecyzować
Emergency workers are still unable to pinpoint the cause of the explosion
seeming likely to be true, or able to be believed
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plausible
wiarygodny
a plausible excuse
pod pewnymi względami
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in certain respects
to care for a child until he or she is an adult, often giving him or her particular beliefs
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bring sb up
wychowywać
to move into a higer social position, or to improve your position at work
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climb up the career lader
to give sth in order to provide or achieve sth together with other people
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contribute
przyczynić się
Her family has contributed $50, 000 to the fund.
to make someone able to do sth, or to make sth possible
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enable
umożliwiać
Computerization should enable us to cut production costs by half.
pójść krok dalej
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take things a step further
zdecydowana większość ludzi
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the vast majority of people
to continue to have; to keep in existence, or not allow to become less
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maintain
utrzymać, zachować
We have standards to maintain.
to act according to what you have been asked by someone in authority
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obey
być posłusznym
The soldiers refused to obey.
pod względem
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in term of sth
having a lot of money or owning a lot of things
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affluent
rich
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wealthy
With their natural resources they are potentially a very wealthy country.
successful, usually by earning a lot of money
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prosperous
dostatni
especially of a business, job or activity) producing a lot of money
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lucrative
dochodowy
The merger proved to be very lucrative for both companies.
popularny wśród
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popular with
to attack someone
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set on/upon sb
He was set upon by a vicious dog.
to force someone to accept something, especially a belief or way of living
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impose
nakładać, narzucać, dyktować
I don't want them to impose their religious beliefs on my children.
to improve the quality, amount or strenght of sth
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enhance
wzmacniać, zwiększać
These scandals will not enhance the organization's reputation.
to feel angry because you have been forced to accept someone or something that you do not like
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resent
oburzać się; czuć się urażony czymś
She bitterly resented her father's new wife.
the act of changing or making something change to its opposite
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reversal
odwrócenie, obalenie; porażka
He demanded a reversal of the previous decision; in a suprising reversal of reaction
to admit that you have done something wrong or something that you feel guilty or bad about
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confess
wyznać, spowiadać
She confessed to her husband that she had sold her wedding ring.
consisting of parts or things that are very different from each other
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heterogeneous
różnorodny, niejednolity
Switzerland is a heterogeneous confederation of 26 self-governing cantons.
to delay an event and plan or to decide that it should happen at a later date or time
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postpone
przełożyć na inny termin
They decided to postpone their holiday until next year.
a long talk in which someone advises other people how they should behave in order to be better people
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sermon
kazanie
I really don't think it's a politician's job to go delivering sermons on public morality.
existing as a natural or basic part of sth
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inherent
nieodłączny
I have an inherent distrust of lawyers.
wychodzić na jaw
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come out
When the truth came out, there was public outrage.
A shocking, morally unacceptable, and usually violent action
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outrage
pogwałcenie prawa
The bomb, which killed 15 people, was the worst of a series of terrorist outrages.
to spend a lot of time in a place or with someone (informal)
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hang out
spędzać wolny czas
I've been hanging out backstage with the band.
borykać się; walka
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struggle
borykać się
I've been struggling to understand this article all afternoon.
extremly funny and causing a lot of laughter
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hilarious
still determined and enthusiastic, despite problems or no success
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undaunted
nieposkromiony
Undaunted by the cold and the rain, people danced until 2 a.m.
niemniej jednak; pomimo tego
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nevertheless
to finish
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run out
wyczerpać się
I've run out of milk/money/ideas/patience.
to do something as promised or intended, or to satisfy your hopes or expectations
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fulfill
spełnić, pełnić
She said the president had failed to fulfill his campaign promises.
to consider or have an opinion about sth or someone
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regard
uważać, traktować, wzgląd
Environmentalists regard GM technology with suspicion.
niepełnosprawny
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disabled
pomimo
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in spite of sth
to give money or goods to help a person or organization
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donate
An anonymous businesswoman donated one million dollars to the charity.
to use something in a way that helps you
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exploit
wyzyskać, wykorzystać
We need to make sure that we exploit our resources as fully as possible.
namawiać; nakłaniać
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persuade
If she doesn't want to go, nothing you can say will persuade her.
to judge or decide the amount, value, quality, or importance of something
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assess
oszacować
They assessed the cost of the flood damage at £2,500.
całkowicie; ogólny
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overall
The overall situation is good, despite a few minor problems.
altruistyczny
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altruistic
to make someone familiar with new conditions
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accustom
przyzwyczaić
It takes awhile to accustom yourself to working at night.
on
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upon
Upon her head she wore a black velvet hat.
sumienie
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conscience
You didn't do anything wrong - you should have a clear conscience (= not feel guilty).
the fact that there are many different ideas or opinions about something
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diversity
There is a wide diversity of opinion on the question of unilateral disarmament.
to make or become well again, especially after a cut or other injury
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heal
uzdrowić; zagoić się
The wounds were gradually healing (up).
to receive money, a house, etc. from someone after they have died
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inherit
dziedziczyć
All her children will inherit equally.
poświęcić
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devote
poświęcić
He left the Senate to devote more time to his family.
to keep something as it is, especially in order to prevent it from decaying or being damaged or destroyed
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preserve
The agreement preserved our right to limit trade in endangered species.
limited, especially by official rules, laws, etc
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restricted
Building in this area of town is restricted.
showing kindness, care, and sympathy towards others, especially those who are suffering
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humane
humanitarny
the humane way of dealing with
left behind, or left without care and protection
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abandoned
opuszczony
Shelters are full of abandoned pets.
przepracowanie
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overwork
He got sick through overwork.
dążyć do celu; ścigać, gonić
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pursue
The car was pursued by helicopters.
He decided to pursue a career in television.
expected to happen, arrive, etc. at a particular time
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due to
What time is the next bus due?
zgodny
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coherent
When she calmed down, she was more coherent
calm, serious, and controlled behaviour that makes people respect you
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dignity
dostojeństwo, godność
He is a man of dignity and calm determination.
belief and confidence in your own ability and value
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self-esteem
She suffers from low self-esteem and it prevents her from pursuing her goals.
worth a lot of money
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valuable
drogocenny, wartościowy
These antiques are extremely valuable.
woleć
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prefer
a feeling of extreme excitement, usually caused by something pleasant
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thrill
It gave me a real thrill to see her again after so many years.
odrzucać
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refuse
to collect several things, often from different places or people
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gather
I went to several libraries to gather information about the plans.
podatny; odpowiedzialny za
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liable
The areas of town near the river are liable to flooding
zwierzchnik, przełożony
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superior
samouk
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self-taught
to direct attention toward something
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point out
wytknąć, zwrócić uwagę
Angela pointed out some spelling errorsin my paper.
to need something or make something necessary
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require
wymagać
Bringing up children often requires you to put their needs first.
radzić sobie z
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deal with
zatwierdzić
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submit
You must submit your application before 1 January.
more than enough
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ample
You'll have ample opportunity to ask questions after the talk.
to represent or show something in a picture or story
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depict
przedstawić, opisać
Her paintings depict the lives of ordinary people in the last century.
very surprised
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astonished
They looked astonished when I announced I was pregnant.
to be greater than a number or amount, or to go past an allowed limit
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exceed
przekraczać; przewyższać
The success of our campaign has exceeded our wildest expectations.
to criticize something or someone strongly and publicly
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denounce
potępiać
The government's economic policy has been denounced on all sides.
interesować się czymś
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to be keen on sth
to not give enough care or attention to people or things that are your responsibility
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neglect
zaniedbać
She's been neglecting her studies this semester.
to follow someone or something, usually to try to catch him, her, or it
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pursue
ścigać, tropić, iść czyimś śladem
The hunters spent hours pursuing their prey.
to deal with, have responsibility for, or be in charge of
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handle
obchodzić się, traktować, kierować się
Who handles the marketing in your company?
intentionally
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deliberately
celowo
I'm sure he says these things deliberately to annoy me.
the process of getting something
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acquisition
nabycie; nabytek
Language acquisition (= learning a language without being taught) starts at a very young age.
to have an influence on someone or something, or to cause a change in someone or something
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affect
The divorce affected every aspect of her life.
małżonek; małżonka
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spouse
powołanie
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vocation
I feel I've found/missed my true vocation.
spokojny
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tranquil
The hotel is in a tranquil rural setting.
w najlepszym razie
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at best
If he drops the course now, at best he’ll get an incomplete, and he could fail.
upełnomocniać; upoważniać
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empower
The first step in empowering the poorest sections of society is making sure they vote
zwolennik
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proponent
He is one of the leading proponents of capital punishment.
przyśpieszyć
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accelerate
They use special chemicals to accelerate the growth of crops.
chodzić, uczęszczać
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attend
I attended the classes/seminars/lectures for a month or two.
działać; grać na scenie
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act
Don't be so silly - you're acting like a child!
nabyć
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acquire
He has acquired a reputation for being difficult to work with.
rozwiązać, pojąć, wyliczać
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figure out
It takes most people some time to figure out new software.
przeszkoda
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obstacle
The biggest obstacle in our way was a tree trunk in the road.
zakładnik
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hostage
The terrorists have seized 20 hostages and are threatening to kill one a day unless their demands are met.
konsekwentny
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consistent
There has been a consistent improvement in her attitude.
zasypiać, zmiażdzyć, przygniatać
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overwhelm
They were overwhelmed with/by grief when their baby died.
smutek, żal, szczególnie po śmierci kogoś
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grief
newspaper pictures of grief-stricken relatives
wątpliwy, niepewny
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doubtful
The teacher is doubtful about having parents working as classroom assistants.
przedsięwzięcie zawierające ryzyko
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venture
She advised us to look abroad for more lucrative business ventures.
powstrzymać
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hold back
zaszczepić pomysł, który ma silny wpływ na Ciebie
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instill
My parents instilled in me a love of reading.
przynależeć do grupy
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fit in
It's no surprise she's leaving - she never really fitted in.
pokonać odległość
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to cover a distance
przezwyciężyć
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overcome
Juventus overcame Ajax in a thrilling game.
przerażenie, bać się, straszliwy
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dread
He's dreading the exam - he's sure he's going to fail.
to behave in a way that makes people believe that you have a particular characteristic
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come across
She comes across really well (= creates a positive image) on television.
natrętny
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pushy
oburzać się
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resent
uprzedzony
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prejudiced
The campaign is designed to make people less prejudiced about AIDS.
pieszy; przyziemny
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pedestrian
zasługiwać
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deserve
have responsibility for, or be in charge of, obchodzić się z
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handle
uzyskać, zdobyć
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gain
What do you hope to gain from the course?
wyłaniać się, pojawiać się, wynikać
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emerge
The facts behind the scandal are sure to emerge eventually.
ogromny
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immense
zapisać
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enroll
We have enrolled eighty children in this day-care program.
pracownik
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employee
A zatem
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thus
They planned to reduce staff and thus to cut costs.
pozostawać
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remain
popierać
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advocate
niezaprzeczalny
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undeniable
poprzedzać; mieć pierwszeństwo
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precede
It would be helpful if you were to precede the report with an introduction.
wpadać na kogoś nieplanowo
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bump into sb
We bumped into Amy when we were in town last week.
zauważyć, dostrzec
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to spot
I've just spotted Mark - he's over there, near the entrance.
wymyślanie
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come up with sth
She's come up with some amazing scheme to double her income.
wolny czas
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spare, leisure time
prosperujący, kwitnący biznes
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a thriving business
starać się z całych sił
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strive for
In her writing she strove for a balance between innovation and familiar prose forms.
udowodniony
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proven
It’s already a proven entity with a proven market.
wprowadzić w życie
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implement
The changes to the national health system will be implemented next year.
uzyskać poprzez kupienie, wytworzenie
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obtain
First editions of these books are now almost impossible to obtain.
dryg do robienia czegoś
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a knack
She has the knack of making people feel comfortable.
wyruszać w drogę
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set off
What time do we set off tomorrow?
cofać, opóźniać
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set back
Then I needed a second operation, which really set me back.
napisać, wydrukować słowa, informacje, pomysły
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set down sth
It’s often a lot of work to set your thoughts down on paper.
oddany, zobowiązany
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committed
a committed socialist/Christian/teacher
całkowicie
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entirely
I admit it was entirely my fault.
wsiadać, starzeć się, mieć dobre relacje, radzić sobie
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get on
We're getting on quite well with the decorating
zasmucać, zmartwić, włożyć wkład w zrobienie czegoś
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bother
You could have phoned us but you just didn't bother.
stworzone przez człowieka jako kopia czegoś
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artificial
an artificial lake
powierzchowny (o osobie)
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superficial
He's fun to be with, but he's very superficial.
wykonać, osiągnąć, zrealizować
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accomplish
I feel as if I've accomplished nothing since I left my job.
prosperować; być u szczytu, być w rozkwicie
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flourish
My tomatoes are flourishing this summer - it must be the warm weather.
dowiedzieć się, dopytać się
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find out
How did you find out about the party?
zaprzeczyć
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deny
Neil denies breaking the window.
zarzut
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allegation
Several of her patients have made allegations of professional misconduct about/against her.
długowieczność
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longevity
jelito, kiszka
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gut
odebrać telefon, zwiększyć
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pick up
The number of applicants will pick up during the autumn.
powtarzać
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reiterate
The government has reiterated its refusal to compromise with terrorists.
Say to me, talk to me
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.
sławny
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renowned
Marco Polo is a renowned explorer/is renowned as an explorer.
spowodować cierpienie
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disaster, tragedy strike
They predict that a large earthquake will strike the west coast before the end of the decade.
chory psychicznie; szalony, obłąkany
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insane
It would be insane not to take advantage of this opportunity.
opuścić na krótki okres czasu
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step out
Mr. Taylor just stepped out of the officeto get the mail.
Interesuję się
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I'm intrested in
odważyć się, ośmielić się, podpuścić, dać wyzwanie
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dare
I dare you to ask him to dance.
nucić, wydawać odgłos
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to hum
What's that strange humming sound?
The computers were humming in the background.
szczęście, satysfakcja, zadowolenie
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contentment
More people were finding that material things do not bring contentment.
nierozwikłany, nierozłączny
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inextricable
In the case of King Arthur, legend and truth are often inextricable.
wykorzystać
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utilise
The vitamins come in a form that is easily utilized by the body.
odnosić się do, dotyczyć
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relate to
We need to explain why these issues are important and relate them to everyday life.
potknąć się
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stumble
Running along the beach, she stumbled on a log and fell on the sand.
przyzwoity
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decent
Everyone should be entitled to a decent wage/standard of living.
pasjonujący
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passionate
Joe is passionate about baseball (= he likes it very much).
usilna prośba
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plea
He made a plea for help/mercy.
odkryć coś
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uncover
The biography is an attempt to uncover the inner man.
wrodzony
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inborn
wytyczna
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guideline
The EU has issued guidelines on appropriate levels of pay for part-time manual workers.
wydać oficjalnie
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to issue
The office will be issuing permits on Tuesday and Thursday mornings.
odbić się; wrócić do normy
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bounce back
Children often seem to bounce back from illness more quickly than adults do.
pozbyć się kogoś, czegoś
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get rid of
I used weedkiller to get rid of the weeds in the garden.
do not spare any expense in the name of comfort and enjoyment
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:)
a detailed plan or route of a journey
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itinerary
The tour operator will arrange transport and plan your itinerary.
współczucie
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sympathy
to use information or your knowledge of something to help you do something
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draw on sth
Avoid trying to draw on sympathy when appealing to your boss.
deklaracja; deklarować, zobowiązywać się do
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pledge
Thousands of people made pledges (= promised to give money) to the charity campaign.
to happen at or near the same time
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coincide
If the heavy rain had coincided with an extreme high tide, serious flooding would have resulted.
not clearly expressed, known, described, or decided
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vague
I do have a vague memory of meeting her many years ago.
real and not imaginary
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tangible
We need tangible evidence if we're going to take legal action.
namacalny
existing or happening before something else, or before a particular time
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prior
the weeks prior to her death
to experience something that is unpleasant or something that involves a change
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undergo
Playing board games is undergoing a revival in popularity.
to be the same or similar
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coincide
Our views coincide on a range of subjects.
to accept, tolerate, or endure something, especially something unpleasant
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to bear
It's your decision - you have to bear the responsibility if things go wrong.
the situation of being alone without other people
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solitude
It provides one with a chance to reflect on spiritual matters in solitude.
large in quantity and expensive or impressive
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lavish
lavish gifts/promises/praise
an occasion when two or more similar things happen at the same time, especially in a way that is unlikely and surprising
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coincidence
a series of strange/amazing coincidences
the careful and detailed examination of something in order to get information about it
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scrutiny
Will the candidates stand up under all that scrutiny?
a disadvantage or the negative part of a situation
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drawback
One of the drawbacks of living with someone is having to share a bathroom.
difficult to use, do, or deal with
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awkward
Some of the questions were rather awkward.
central and important
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pivotal
a pivotal figure/role/idea
very much better than usual; excellent
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outstanding
You’ve done an outstanding job.
BE FRIENDLY
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get along
I don't really get along with my sister's husband.
causing very great pain, difficulty, worry, damage, etc.; very serious:
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severe
This is a school for children with severe learning difficulties.
to feel or express great sadness, especially because of someone's death
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mourn
Queen Victoria mourned Prince Albert/Prince Albert's death for 40 years.
behaving in a way, or describing behaviour, that is slightly bad but is not intended to cause serious harm or damage
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mischievous
She has a mischievous sense of humour.
very great in amount or level, or extremely good
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tremendous
You won? That's tremendous
being one only; single
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sole
My sole objective is to make the information more widely available.
most important or best; leading
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foremost
She's one of the foremost experts on child psychology.
a movement from a higher to a lower level or position
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descent
The plane began (to make) its final descent into the airport.
to become or make something become greater or more serious
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escalate
His financial problems escalated after he became unemployed.
something that causes delay or stops progress
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setback
There has been a slight/temporary setback in our plans.
to fight against something or someone that is attacking you
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resist
opierać się, przeciwstawiać się
too painful or unpleasant for you to continue to experience
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unbearable
The atmosphere at work at the moment is almost unbearable.
likely to suffer from an illness or show a particular negative characteristic
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be prone to sth/do sth
I've always been prone to headaches.
to make something seem larger, more important, better, or worse than it really is
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exaggerate
Don't exaggerate - it wasn't that expensive.
to make someone very tired
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drain
The long journey completely drained me.
a pipe or channel that carries away waste water or other liquids
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drain
a pipe or channel that carries away waste water or other liquids
to allow or cause liquid to flow away from something
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drain
Drain the lettuce and then pat it dry with paper towels.
very pleasant, attractive, or enjoyable
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delightful
Our new neighbours are delightful.
the action of supporting or opposing a particular person or thing in an unfair way, because of allowing personal opinions to influence your judgment
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bias
stronniczość
Reporters must be impartial and not show political bias.
entertaining and funny
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amusing
an amusing story/person/situation
used in negative sentences instead of "also" or "too"
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either
I don't eat meat and my husband doesn't either.
not either of two things or people
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neither
Neither of my parents likes my boyfriend.
used when you want to say that two or more things are not true
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neither ... nor
Neither my mother nor my father went to university.
a sudden forceful expression of emotion, especially anger
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outburst
Her comments provoked an outburst of anger from the boss.
a bad person who harms other people or breaks the law
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villain
łotr, łajdak, czarny charakter
He's either a hero or a villain, depending on your point of view.
to become or cause someone to become extremely emotional
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freak sb out
This song just freaks me out whenever I hear it.
to say something or to make a sound with your voice
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utter
She sat through the whole meeting without uttering a word.
to stop something
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cease
The company has decided to cease all UK operations after this year.
making someone look or seem better or more attractive than usual
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flattering
pochlebny
He's always making flattering remarks.
to (cause to) start burning or explode
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ignite
podpalać, zapalać
to make someone decide to say or do something
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prompt sb to do sth
What prompted you to say that?
decorative or complicated
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fancy
I wanted a simple black dress, nothing fancy.
to change something
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alter
Giving up our car has radically altered our lifestyle.
the act of pushing someone or something gently
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nudge
szturchać
I gave him a nudge to wake him up.
wholly developed
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ripe, adj
The tomatoes aren’t ripe.
to try to deal with something or someone
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tackle
I tackled him about his careless work.
the ability to be happy, successful, etc. again after something difficult or bad has happened
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resilience
Trauma researchers emphasize the resilience of the human psyche.
to fight against something or someone that is attacking you
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resist
The soldiers resisted (the enemy attacks) for two days.
the act of fighting against or refusing to accept something
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resistance
opór, oporność, odponość
resistance to disease
reasonable and acceptable; allowed by law
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legitimate
He claimed that the restaurant bill was a legitimate business expense.
a feeling of sadness and being sorry for something you have done
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remorse
wyrzuty sumienia
After the argument, she was filled with remorse.
in a way that is very clear, powerful, and detailed in your mind
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vividly
Research suggested that people can vividly recall events that never happened.
to make a public statement of your approval or support for something or someone
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endorse
to make a public statement of your approval or support for something or someone
someone who helps and supports someone else
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ally
sojusznik
He is generally considered to be the prime minister's closest political ally.
not very good
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mediocre
przeciętny, mierny
Parents don't want their children going to mediocre schools.
unusual or special and therefore surprising and worth mentioning
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remarkable
Meeting you here in Rome is a remarkable coincidence.
the act of paying back money to someone who has spent it for you
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reimbursement
Employees can apply for reimbursement of travel expenses.
very great in amount or level, or extremely good
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tremendous
She's been a tremendous (= very great) help to me over the last few months.
oniemiały lub głupi
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dumb
She was struck dumb by what she had seen.
to accept something enthusiastically
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embrace
This was an opportunity that he would embrace.
to arrive or appear at a place
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come along
Go now and I'll come along later.
being an extremely important and basic characteristic of a person or thing
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intrinsic
Maths is an intrinsic part of the school curriculum.
to represent a quality or an idea exactly
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embody
She embodied good sportsmanship on the playing field.
able to be used for many different purposes
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versatile
wszechstronny
A leather jacket is a timeless and versatile garment that can be worn in all seasons.
worrying, without hope
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grim
The future looks grim.
mierzyć; miernik; wskaźnik
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gauge
Use a thermometer to gauge the temperature.
extremely funny and causing a lot of laughter
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hilarious
He didn't like the film at all - I thought it was hilarious.
to want something, especially strongly
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desire
The hotel had everything you could possibly desire.
a strong feeling of wanting something
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craving
pragnienie, żądza
I have a craving for chocolate.
away from the correct path or correct way of doing something
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astray
I was led astray by an out-of-date map.
to disagree
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be at odds
They're at odds over the funding of the project.
especially great
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spectacular
We've had spectacular success with the product.
able to be easily physically, emotionally, or mentally hurt, influenced, or attacked
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vulnerable
Tourists are more vulnerable to attack, because they do not know which areas of the city to avoid.
intended to be thrown away after use
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disposable
jednorazowy
unnecessary because it is more than is needed
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redundant
enthusiasm, eagerness, energy, and interest
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zest
It's wonderful to see the children's zest for life.
not working or being used
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idle
bezczynny
Half these factories now stand idle.
gniazdo
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nest
a close connection joining two or more people
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bond
więź
There has been a close bond between them ever since she saved him from drowning.
easy to recognize because it is different from other things
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distinctive
charakterystyczny, wyróżniający się
She's got a very distinctive voice.
to prevent something from being seen or known about
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conceal
ukryć
responsible for and having to explain your actions
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accountable
odpowiedzialny
Politicians should be accountable to the public who elected them.
a sudden wish or idea
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whim
kaprys, fanaberia
We booked the trip on a whim.
in a strange or surprising way
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oddly
dziwacznie, osobliwie
Didn't you think she was behaving very oddly at the party yesterday?
to reduce or be reduced in size or importance
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diminish
umniejszać
I don't want to diminish her achievements, but she did have a lot of help.
to say firmly or demand forcefully, especially when others disagree with or oppose what you say
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insist
nalegać
Please go first - I insist!
shy and nervous; without much confidence; easily frightened
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timid
nieśmiały
My dog is a little timid - especially around other dogs.
behaviour that is careful and avoids risks
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prudence
roztropność
Everyone agreed that panic wasn't called for, prudence was.
wanting a lot more food, money, etc. than you need
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greedy
He's greedy for power/success.
the quality of being new and unusual
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novelty
In Britain in the 1950s, television still had novelty value.
from the beginning, without using anything that already exists
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from scratch
Ben built the shed from scratch.
a border between two countries
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frontier
Nepal has frontiers with both India and China.
to grow, develop, or be successful
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thrive
prosperować, dobrze się rozwijać
His business thrived in the years before the war.
the state of being near in space or time
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proximity
The best thing about the location of the house is its proximity to the town centre.
a good moral quality in a person, or the general quality of being morally good
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virtue
cnota
Patience is a virtue.
you stop thinking about the subject and start thinking about other matters
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wander
Halfway through the meeting my mind started to wander.
polite and showing respect
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courteous
Although she often disagreed with me, she was always courteous.
seeming to exist or be true
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apparent
pozorny
She has this apparent innocence which, I suspect, she uses to her advantage.
a difference between two things that should be the same
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discrepancy
The committee is reportedly unhappy about the discrepancy in numbers.
a strong wish
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urge
popęd, pociąg do czegoś
The two of them seem unable to control their sexual urges.
umiarkowany
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moderate
Imposing sanctions is a moderate action when you consider that the alternative is military intervention.
to take something quickly and keep or hold it
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seize
chwycić
I seized his arm and made him turn to look at me.
attractive or interesting
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appealing
pociągający
The idea of not having to get up early every morning is rather appealing (to me).
too much
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excessive
nadmierny
Excessive exercise can sometimes cause health problems.
unsuccessful; of no value
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vain, adj
bezcelowy, daremny
It was vain to pretend to himself that he was not disappointed.
not drunk or affected by alcohol
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sober
trzeźwy
I'd had no wine all evening so I was stone cold (= completely) sober.
not easy to find or get
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scarce
deficytowy, rzadki
Food and clean water were becoming scarce.
polite behaviour, or a polite action or remark
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courtesy
kurtuazja, uprzejmość
The president welcomed her visitors with the usual courtesies.
to do something illegal or something that is considered wrong
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commit
popełnić
He was sent to prison for a crime that he didn't commit.
no longer new or fresh, usually as a result of being kept for too long
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stale
nieświeży, czerstwy
The bread/biscuits/cake had gone stale.
a model of something, or a very clear and typical example of something
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paradigm
Some of these educators are hoping to produce a change in the current cultural paradigm.
involving a lot of different but related part
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complex
The company has a complex organizational structure.
niemniej jednak
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nonetheless
There are serious problems in our country. Nonetheless, we feel this is a good time to return.
too proud of yourself and your actions and abilities
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conceited
zarozumiały, pyszałkowaty
Without wishing to sound conceited, I am the best salesperson in the company.
a young person
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juvenile
noun, adj
juvenile behaviour
the person in charge of a group or organization, or the ruler of a tribe
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chief
A new chief of the security forces has just been appointed.
most important or main
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chief
The chief problem we have in the area now is the spread of disease.
a skilled and trained cook
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chef
He is one of the top chefs in Britain.
breath
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breath
She was dizzy and short of breath (= unable to breathe in enough air).
more than anything else
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first and foremost
In spite of her recent success as a novelist, she remains first and foremost a poet.
pobłażliwość
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indulgence
His health suffered from over-indulgence in (= too much) rich food and drink.
uprząż
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harness
a baby harness
to experience something, especially something unpleasant; również spotkanie
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encounter
When did you first encounter these difficulties?
najwyższy
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utmost
The situation needs to be handled with the utmost care.
to do something again
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redo
These new measurements mean that I'll have to redo the calculations.
nieszczęśliwy
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miserable
She's miserable living on her own.
sprzyjać, wychowywać
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foster
I try to foster an appreciation for classical music in my students.
to prevent something from being seen or known about
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conceal
ukryć
I tried to conceal my surprise when she told me her age.
przewaga, zwierzchnictwo
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supremacy
The allies have established air supremacy (= military control of the sky).

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