Ley y Delitos - Law and Crime

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el soborno / la mordida
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bribe

la indemnización
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indemnity

el impedimento para el matrimonio
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impediment to marriage

los bienes comunes / la comunidad de bienes
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community property

investigar la paternidad
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to investigate paternity

reconocer a un hijo
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to legally recognize a child

la pensión alimenticia
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alimony

los subsidios familiares
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family benefits

el patrimonio familiar
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family patrimony

la tutela legal
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legal guardianship

acusado / acusada
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accused

to assassinate

to lock up

la gravedad
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gravity

la violación
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violation / infringement

la autorización
[BrE]
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authorisation

el detenido
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detainee

la circunstancia
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circumstance

la asistencia
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attendance

to confuse

el testimonio
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testimony

la coincidencia
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coincidence

abuse

pact

la persecución
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chase

la ausencia
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absence

el protocolo
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protocol

to track

to capture

ejecutar
la ley
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to execute

to carry out

la detención
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detention

el juramento
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oath

mockery

el defensor / la defensora
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defender

to coincide

renunciar a algo
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to renounce something

el rechazo
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refusal / rejection

confuso / confusa
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confused

legítimo / legítima
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legitimate

to abuse

administrar justicia
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to administer justice

comparecer en juicio
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to stand trial

presentarse ante un tribunal
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to court

el defensor
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defence counsel

la acusación
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charge

to charge somebody

coacusado / coacusada
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co-defendant

condenar a alguien
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to convict somebody / to sentence somebody

el convicto
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convict

ser condenado
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to be convicted

terminar en la cárcel
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to end up in prison

juzgar culpable a alguien
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to find somebody guilty

to acquit somebody

llevar una controversia a un tribunal
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to bring a dispute to a court

la litigación
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litigation

la demanda
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lawsuit

los acciones legales
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legal action

la sentencia
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judgement

el veredicto
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verdict

recibir sentencia
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to get a sentence

dictar una sentencia
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to pronounce a sentence / to announce a verdict

la objeción
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objection

interponer una objeción (contra algo)
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to submit objections

poner objeción
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to raise objections

la prueba falsa
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false evidence

el falsificador
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forger / fabricator

hearing / court case

crear la ley
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to create law

el proyecto de ley
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bill

la cláusula
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clause

cometer un delito
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to commit a crime / to commit an offence

la pena capital
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capital punishment

la pena de muerte
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death penalty

la celda del condenado a muerte
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death cell

la pena privativa de libertad
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sentence of imprisonment

la pena de privación de libertad
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the deprivation of liberty

la pena de cárcel
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prison sentences

fine

el arresto
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custody / arrest

to detain

el arresto domiciliario
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house arrest

notificar sobre los derechos
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to advise somebody of one's rights

esposar a alguien
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to put handcuffs on somebody

el Internamiento en régimen cerrado
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community home / young offenders' home

suicidarse
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to commit suicide

demandar a alguien en juicio
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to sue somebody

las partes en el proceso
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parties to a trial

el acusado
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defendant

el demandado
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respondent

el llamamiento
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statement of claim

estar demandado
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to be sued

la obligación
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(legal) obligation

el embargador
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bailiff

el cobrador de deudas
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debt collector

menor de edad
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juvenile

menor de edad
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under age

el asesino
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assassin

el sicario
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hit man / contract killer

encargar el asesinato
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to order a murder

el asalto a algo / alguien
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assault

mugging

la infracción
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burglary

fracturar algo
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to break into / to burgle

el secuestro
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kidnapping

secuestrar
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to kidnap

el secuestrador
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kidnapper / hijacker [of a plane]

el rescate
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ransom

el contrabando
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smuggling

la falsificación
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forgery

el acoso sexual
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sexual harassment

thug

el asaltante
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assailant

el agresor / el atacante
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attacker

el consejo legal
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legal advice

el asesoramiento legal
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legal assistance

atentar contra la ley
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to break the law

obedecer una ley
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to observe the law / to comply with the law

dar testimonio
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to testify

investigar
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to investigate (a case)

el investigador
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investigator

la categoría legislativa
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branch of law

el derecho romano
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Roman law

el derecho civil
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civil law

el derecho penal
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criminal law

la ley de comercio
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commercial law

el derecho tributario
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tax law

el derecho laboral
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labour law

el derecho constitucional
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constitutional law

la jurisprudencia
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case law

el tribunal supremo
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Supreme Court

el tribunal de apelación
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court of appeal

el tribunal regional
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regional code / county court

el tribunal provincial
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district court

el juzgado de menores
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juvenile court

el tribunal de patentes
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patent court

la herencia
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inheritance

heredar algo de alguien
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to inherit something from somebody

heredar una fortuna
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to inherit / to come into a fortune

el heredero
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heir / inheritor

el representante
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proxy / attorney-in-fact

el poder notarial
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power of attorney

outlaw

el chivo expiatorio / la cabeza de turco
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scapegoat

fund


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