irritating Chmielniak

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Question Answer
bursztyn, bursztynowy
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amber
bezsporny
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indisputable, uncontested
used to describe a decision or result which nobody opposes or disagrees with, true, and impossible to doubt:
an artist of indisputable skill. One fact is indisputable - this must never be allowed to happen again.
wycie, wyć
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howl
If a dog or wolf howls, it makes a long, sad sound
An injured dog lay in the middle of the road, howling with/in pain. we were howling with laughter
przyśpieszyć
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accelerate
When a vehicle or its driver accelerates, the speed of the vehicle increases
I accelerated to overtake the bus.
powłoka, skorupa
to remove peas, nuts, etc. from their shells or their natural covering.
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shell
the hard outer covering of something, especially nuts, eggs, and some animals, a type of boat used for racing, driven by people using oarsto fire shells at something:
Brazil nuts have very hard shells. A piece of shell fell into the cake mixture. the shell of a snail They were under orders to shell the hospital and the town hall.
obrzeza miasta
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outskirts of a town suburbs
the areas that form the edge of a town
The factory is in/on the outskirts of New Delhi.
przerobić, poprawić
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redo
to do something again, If you redo a room or a building, you paint it, put new furniture in it, etc. to make it more attractive or useful
These new measurements mean that I'll have to redo the calculations. We spent €5,000 redoing the kitchen.
szamanistyczny
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shamanistic
na razie, póki co
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for the time being
pozbawić
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strip of
my mother stripped me of my superpowers. she wont give me my allowance
kłódka
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padlock
zmoczyć
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drench
to make someone or something extremely wet
A sudden thunderstorm had drenched us to the skin. The athletes were drenched in/with sweat.
pozbawiony
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deprive
to take something, especially something necessary or pleasant, away from someone
He claimed that he had been deprived of his freedom/rights. deprived of sleep
cześć, czczenie, głęboki szacunek
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veneration
the feeling or act of venerating (= very much respecting) someone or something
Gandhi became an object of widespread veneration because of his unceasing struggle for freedom and equality.
przyćmić
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overshadow
usilnie, gorliwie
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earnestly
He pleaded earnestly with him
ponadczasowy
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timeless
Something that is timeless does not change as the years go past
The city has a timeless quality as if it had existed forever.
śmiałość, zuchwałość
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audacity
courage or confidence of a kind that other people find shocking or rude
took a lot of audacity to stand up and criticize the chairman. He had the audacity to blame me for his mistake
zjednoczenie
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unification
oszukać
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hoodwink
to deceive or trick someone
He hoodwinked us into agreeing
biadolić
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bellyache
to complain
Stop bellyaching and just get on with the job.
zmniejszyć różnicę
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Bridge the gap
wypełnić ankiete
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take survey
konflikt pokolen
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generation gap
porównać, przyrównać
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compare
Your text compares in readability to The New York Times
podział obowiązków
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seperation of duties
wszechstronny, obszerny, wyczerpujący, kompleksowy
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comprehensive
including everything that is necessary; complete
they put forward comprehensive legislation to revise the rules for financing poltical campaigns. We offer you a comprehensive training in all aspects of the businesses
powielić, duplikować,
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duplicate
to make an exact way of something; (n)
dylemat
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dilemma
a situation in which a difficult choice has to be made between two different things you could do:
The president is clearly in a dilemma about/over how to tackle the crisis.
wyciągnąć wnioski
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draw conclusions
niedopasowanie
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mismatch
to put together people or things that are unsuitable for each other
I always thought Chris and Monique were mismatched, so I wasn't surprised when they got divorced.
dojść do zrozumienia
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putch up the differences
wypierać
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supplante
to replace
Printed books will soon be supplanted by e-books. Small children can often feel supplanted in their parents' affections when a new brother or sister is born.
w niekorzystnej sytuacji
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disadvantaged
The government helps disadvantaged minority groups.
podróżnik
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voyager
zapoczątkowywać, dawać początek, wymyślać
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originated
originate-to come from a particular place, time, situation, etc, to start something or cause it to happen
The game is thought to have originated among the native peoples of Alaska, Who originated the saying "Small is beautiful?"
zastraszanie
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intimidation
kontynuować
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proceed
to continue as planned; to do something after you have done something else; to move forward or travel in a particular direction
Preparations for the festival are now proceeding smoothly; She sat down and proceeded to tell me about her skiing holiday
pielęgnować, karmić piersią
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to nurse
to care for a person or an animal while they are sick; If you nurse an illness or injury, you rest until it gets better; to spend a lot of time taking care of something as it grows or develops
He gave up his job so that he could nurse his mother at home. Robert's in bed nursing a back injury. These young trees were carefully nursed by the head gardener.
jałowy
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arid
very dry and without enough rain for plants; not interesting and showing no imagination; unsuccessful:
The desert is so arid that nothing can grow there; I found his writing extremely arid. arid years
niemowa, niemy, przytłumić
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mute
soczewica
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lentil
przełączenie (zmieniające ustawienia w komputerze na inne) przelaczyc
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toggle
to switch a feature on a computer on and off by pressing the same button pr key
use this key to toggle between the two typefaces
ogarnąć się
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pull oneself together
c'mon vlad... pull oneself together. there are so many nice places to annex
spokoj
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tranquillity
I love the tranquillity of the countryside.
I love the tranquillity of the countryside.
konkret, beton, konkretyzować
opposite: abstract
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concrete
clear and certain, or real and existing in a form that can be seen or felt:
We have a general idea of what we want, but nothing concrete at the moment.
partyzant
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guerrilla
a member of an unofficial military group that is trying to change the government by making sudden, unexpected attacks on the official army forces; guerrilla warfare-partyzantka
A small band of guerrillas has blown up a train in the mountains.
działania wojenne
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warfare
odwzajemniać
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reciprocate
to share the same feelings as someone else, or to behave in the same way as someone else
Sadly, my feelings for him were not reciprocated; We invited them to dinner and a week later they reciprocated.
zaklepać
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call dibs on; call
Vlad: I call dibs on Crimea.
rzucający się w oczy
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conspicuos
very noticeable or attracting attention, often in a way that is not wanted
He tried not to look conspicuous and moved slowly along the back of the room.
jasełka
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nativity play
rażąco, oślepiająco, rażąco
syn: grossly
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glaringly
(of something bad) in a way that is very obvious, in a way that shines too brightly
glaringly obvious, The opening scene is in a glaringly bright hospital ward.
naganne
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reprehensible
If someone's behavior is reprehensible, it is extremely bad or unacceptable:
reprehensible conduct/actions
na rzecz kogoś/czegoś
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in favour of, in behalf of/ in the interest of
Elton John is famous for his engagement in favour of the fight againts AIDS.
styknie
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that will do
pay up front- płacić z góry
hey, there is something off about that pyramid. - That will do. They paid up front
być wniebowziętym
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be over the moon
trzymac nerwy na wodzy
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keep their negative emotions/nerves at bay
pieprzyk
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mole
znamię
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birthmark
pomyłka
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lapse
a temporary failure; a period of time passing between two things happening
a lapse of concentration, The management's decision to ignore the safety warnings demonstrated a remarkable lapse of judgment; He turned up again after a lapse of two years.
podkładka
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pad, coaster
mousepad
zawieszenie broni
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ceasefire
an agreement, usually between two armies, to stop fighting in order to allow discussions about peace
declare a ceasefire
odpowiednik
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counterpart, equivalent
a person or thing that has the same purpose as another one in a different place or organization
The prime minister is to meet his European counterparts to discuss the war against drugs.
odprawić tłumy
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dismiss the crowds
prozaiczny, przyziemny
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prosaic, down-to-earth
ordinary and not especially interesting or unusual:
He asked if I'd gotten my black eye in a fight - I told him the prosaic truth that I'd banged my head on a door.
mściwy, pamiętliwy
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vindictive
having or showing a wish to harm someone because you think that they harmed you; unwilling to forgive
dwarfes are vindictive
powinowactwo
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affinity
a liking or sympathy for someone or something, especially because of shared characteristics
She seems to have a natural affinity for/with water
wiatr ucichł
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the wind died down
stwardnieć, uodpornić
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harden
to become or make hard, to become more severe, determined, or unpleasant:
Living in the desert hardened the recruits (= made them more strong and determined). The mixture hardens as it cools
zaprzestać
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cease
to stop something
Workplace nurseries will cease to be liable for tax; The company has decided to cease all U.K. operations after this year.
podlegający czemus, odpowiedzialny za coś
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liable
having (legal) responsibility for something or someone; very likely to do something
The law holds parents liable if a child does not attend school.
ożywiać
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revitalize
to give new life, energy, activity, or success to something
Japanese investment has revitalized this part of Britain. Revitalize the old, magnificent stories of old, forgotten times.
suwerenność, suwerenny, suweren
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sovereignty, sovereign, sovereign
the power of a country to control its own government
Talks are being held about who should have sovereignty over the island. We must respect the rights of sovereign states/nations to conduct their own affairs
przeprowadzić, prowadzić się
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conduct
to behave in a particular way, especially in a public or formal situation; to organize and perform a particular activity. We are conducting a survey to find out what our customers think of their local bus service
How should I conduct myself at these dinners? I know nothing about etiquette.
krytyczny, istotny
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critical
of the greatest importance to the way things might happen:
The president's support is critical (to this project. critical decision
dogodny
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opportune
happening at a time that is likely to produce success or is convenient
Would it be opportune to discuss the contract now? This seems to be an opportune moment for reviving our development plan.
wskrzesić, ożywiać, odradzać, ocucić
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revive
to come or bring something back to life, health, existence, or use
to revive someone's hopes/confidence/fortunes. My plants revived as soon as I gave them some water. A hot shower and a cup of tea will revive you.
obrzęd
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rite
cleansing rite=baptism
potwierdzać, utwierdzać, bierzmowac
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confirm
The oath confirms what is said and punt an end to all argument
mieć pierwszeństwo
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take priority
ubrać się ciepło
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bundle up
to wear enough clothing to keep very warm
doswiszczenie praktyczne
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/hands on practical experience
naciągane
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far-fetched
very unlikely to be true, and difficult to believe
a far-fetched idea/story
ratownik (pływacki)
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lifeguard (swimming)
przyrząd, "wynalazek"
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contraption
a device or machine that looks awkward or old-fashioned, especially one that you do not know how to use
what's the strange contraption in the garage?
staz
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internship
a period of time spent receiving or completing training at a job as a part of becoming qualified to do it
he served his internship at a local hospital
gromadzić się
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concregate
to come together in a large group of people or animals
A crowd congregated around the entrance to the theater, hoping to catch a glimpse of the stars of the show.
przesilenie dnia z nocą
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solstice
istotny
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vital
necessary for the success or continued existence of something; extremely important. The kidney plays a vital role/part in the removal of waste products from the blood.
She had found out some information of vital importance
bez względu na
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regardless; with little regard of
with little regard for principles or with what the consequences are for others.
korzystny, oportunistyczny, środek(sposób)
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expedient
helpful or useful in a particular situation, but sometimes not morally acceptable; an action that is expedient
It might be expedient not to pay him until the work is finished. a political expedient
świecić pustkami
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to have an extremely low occupancy rate
to konieczne
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it's imperative
zamieszanie heca
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fuss
a show of anger, worry, or excitement that is unnecessary or greater than the situation deserves
little did she know what the whole fuss was about. She made such a fuss when Richard spilled a drop of wine on her blouse. IT'S A FUSS ABOUT NOTHING
(bardzo) rzadko
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seldom
almost never
Seldom do we receive any apology when mistakes are made. Seldom do we stop to think about what we really want from life. we seldom get the chance to go to the cinema
deficytowy, ledwie
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scarce, scarcely
not east to find or get
scarce information. I was scarcely (barely, hardly) able to move my arm after the accident
nie wcześniej niż
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no sooner... than
used to show that one thing happens immediately after another thing
No sooner had I started mowing the lawn that it started raining
pod żadnym pozorem
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Under no circumstances
under np circumstances should you touch this switch
ani przez chwilę
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not for a moment
not for a moment did i believe that he would keep his promise
realizować swoje pasje
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follow my pursuits
na wzór
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in the order of
in the order of Melchizedek
poreczyciel, gwarant
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guarantor
guarantor of a better covenant
wstawiać sie za kims, interweniować
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intercede
to use your influence to persuade someone in authority to forgive another person, or save this person from punishment. Several religious leaders have interceded with the authorities on behalf of the condemned prisoner. Synonyms
Jesus intercedes for us
Zauważono statek płynący wzdłuż wybrzeża
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The ship was sighted sailing up the coast
kajdany
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fetters
a pair of chains that were tied round the legs of prisoners to prevent them from escaping, something that severely limits you,
the fetters of motherhood, chained in fetters, Poets are unfettered by the normal rules of sentence structure.
higiena
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hygiene
zachorować na grypę
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come down with the flu
wysłannik, poseł
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envoy,
someone who is sent as a representative from one government or organization to another
the emissary is the official term of the envoy
czerwonka
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dysentery
a disease of the bowels that causes the contents to be passed out of the body much more often and in a more liquid form than usual
wnętrzności
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bowels
bowels causes the contents to be passed out of the body
z zimna krwia
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cold-bloodely
uniewinnić
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acquit
to decide officially in a law court that someone is not guilty of a particular crime:
She was acquitted of all the charges against her.
czuć się urażony czymś, oburzać się, rozgnieść się
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resent, resentful
to feel angry because you have been forced to accept someone or something that you do not like
She bitterly resented her father's new wife. He resents having to explain his work to other people. Marshall was resentful that he had made almost nothing from his discovery.
zmoczyc się
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get wet, wetting yourself
zanieczyścić
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contaminate
to make something less pure or make it poisonous. opposote: decontaminate
Much of the coast has been contaminated by nuclear waste. The disease can be caused by a variety of viruses, bacteria, and other small organisms that contaminate food or water.
miotać czymś, wystrzelić
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project
to throw or direct something forward, with force. to sing or speak loudly and clearly
90 percent of the projected missiles will hit their target. It's a big theater so you really have to project your voice if you're going to be heard at the back
bezzwłocznie
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promptly
quickly, without delay, or at the arranged time:
We'll have to leave fairly promptly if we want to catch that train. She promised she'd keep it secret and promptly (= immediately after) went and told Dad
mieć wiele przyczyn
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have a range of causes
oddechowy
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respiratory
Smoking can cause respiratory diseases.
trujący jad
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poisonous venom
kudłaty
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shaggy
having or covered with long, rough, and messy hair, or (of hair) long, rough, and messy:
shaggy rug
wnętrzności
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entrails
the intestines and other inside organs of an animal or person, when they are outside the body
zbeszczecic
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desecrate, defile
podniesiony
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elevated
raised, high or important, greater than is normal or reasonable, formal or typical of language found in literature:
the elevated language of the Psalms; She holds a more elevated position in the company. The doctor said I was to keep my leg elevated
rozległy
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extensive
covering a large area; having a great range:
extensive repairs to the highway, The wedding received extensive coverage in the newspapers
Załadować, obciążyć, objuczyć, obarczać, obciążenie, ładunek
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load
load down with: to burden or oppress with something heavy, laborious, or disheartening. a lot
you load people down with burdens they can hardly carry, and you yourselves will not lift one finger to help them. The maximum load for this elevator is eight persons. I have a load of work to get through before tomorrow.
końcowy, drugi
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latter
the second of two people, things, or groups previously mentioned. YOU SSHOULD HAVE PRACTICED THE LATTER WITHOUT LEAVING THE FORMER UNDONE
Building of the new library should begin in the latter part of next year., She offered me more money or a car and I chose the latter(former one).
przeszkadzać komuś w czymś, powstrzymywać kogoś
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hinder
to limit the ability of someone to do something, or to limit the development of something
High winds have hindered firefighters in their efforts to put out the blaze. You have hindered those who were entering
dzban
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pitcher
a container for holding liquids that has a handle and a shaped opening at the top for pouring
a pitcher of beer/water/lemonade
gliniany, ceramika
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earthenware
made of quite rough clay, often shaped with the hands, plates, bowls, cups, etc. that are made of rough clay
earthenware mugs/bowls
przestrzegać
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observe
they observe many other traditions, such as the washing of cups, pitchers and kettles
masowe wysiedlenie, odstęp
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clearance
the process of removing waste or things you do not want from a place; an occasion when people are forced to move away from the area where they live permanently, the distance or space that is needed for one thing to avoid touching another thing
Next time, funds will no doubt go on snow clearance. The great Highland clearances in Scotland did not reach their height until after 1800. It was difficult getting the piano through the doorway because we only had a clearance of a few centimeters.
relacja, pokrycie, zasięg, sprawozdanie
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coverage
the reporting of a particular important event or subject; the fact of dealing with or directing attention to something. financial protection so that you get money if something bad happens
These books give very good grammar coverage (= they deal with grammar very well). There is no coverage for expenses under $5 000.
niepokoić, zaniepokojony
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disconcert, disconcerted
worried by something and uncertain; a bundle of nerves - someone who is extremely nervous and worried
I was a little disconcerted by his reply. Sorry for shouting - I'm a bundle of nerves these days.
niezdecydowany, wahający się, rozdarty wewnętrznie
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indecisive, indecisiveness
not good at making decisions; indecision-rozterka
He is widely thought to be an indecisive leader.
rozmówca
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interlocutor
someone who is involved in a conversation((and who is representing someone else)
Abraham was able to act as interpreter and interlocutor for our group.
odtworzyć, kopiować, rozmnażać
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reproduce
to produce a copy of something, or to be copied in a production process; to show or do something again" reproducibility
They said the printing was too faint to reproduce well. The new design unfortunately reproduced some of the problems of the earlier model.
nikły
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faint
not strong or clear; slight:
The lamp gave out a faint glow.
drażliwy
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irritable
zespół jelita drażliwego
irritable bowel syndrome

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