Extremely simplified grammar - Maxime expedita grammatica

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Question Answer
Words have several different endings - that is because Latin language has cases: Nominative, Genitive, Dative, Accusative, Ablative and Vocative.
5 different declensions
Cases are fundamental for Latin: it's important to acknowledge both the case and the declension the noun belongs to.
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With adjectives, we just have to indicate the three forms of the singular nominative (masculine, feminine and neutral).
You should write down a pattern for every class.
This could seem a bit hard, but actually Latin declensions aren't a big deal! Look at the first declension:
rosa, -ae, -ae, -am, -a, -a
rosae, -arum, -is, -as, -ae, -is
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Thanks to the cases, Latin is a very specific and precise language: it's rare to stumble upon some ambiguity.
But yes: many times, cases may have the same ending, and this could actually cause confusion. It is normal. Context is the key word here. By experiencing this beautiful language, you will be able to smoothly distinguish cases.
"in Italiam" is "to Italy" (because than's an accusative here, and not ablative)
2nd declension
The first class of nouns is almost completely composed by feminine nouns, whereas the second one by masculine and neutral.
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lupus, -i, -o, -um, -e, -o
lupi, -orum, -is, -os, -i, -is
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The lesson is part of the course
"Latin: day 2"
(total 262 flashcards)

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