Condicionales en inglés

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Answer

Zero conditional (type 0)
If + Present sentence, + Present sentence
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Condicional cero.
If + Present sentence, + Present sentence

If you freeze water, it turns into ice.
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Si congelas agua, se convierte en hielo.

If she eats gluten, she gets an allergy.
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Si ella come gluten, le da una alergia.

If we don't go out, we watch a movie.
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Si no salimos, vemos una película.

If they work too much, they get tired.
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Si ellos trabajan demasiado, se cansan.

First conditional (type 1).
If + Present sentence, + will/can/may/must+verb
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Primer condicional.
If + Present sentence, + will/can/may/must+verb

If it rains today, we will stay at home.
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Si llueve hoy, nos quedaremos en casa.

If she is busy, I will come back tomorrow.
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Si ella está ocupada, voy a volver mañana.

If you have time, you can visit your parents.
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Si tienes tiempo, puedes visitar a tus padres.

If she comes, I will be waiting.
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Si ella viene, yo estaré esperando.

Second conditional (type 2).
If + Past simple sentence, + would/could/might+verb
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Segundo condicional.
If + Past simple sentence, + would/could/might+verb

If I won the lottery, I would buy a new house.
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Si ganara la lotería, compraría una casa nueva.

If I were you, I would run.
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Si yo fuese tú, correría.

If she had more time, we could have a date.
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Si ella tuviese tiempo, podríamos tener una cita.

If they worked there, they might have better salaries.
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Si ellos trabajan ahí, podrían tener mejores salarios.

Third conditional (type 3).
If + Past perfect sentence, + would/could/might+have+past participle
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Tercer condicional.
If + Past perfect sentence, + would/could/might+have+past participle

If we had won the lottery, we would have traveled around the world.
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Si hubiéramos ganado la lotería, habríamos viajado por todo el mundo.

If I hadn't been so busy, I would have arrived on time.
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Si no hubiera sido tan perezoso, habría llegado a tiempo.

If she had been here, she would have enjoyed this.
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Si ella hubiese estado aquí, habría disfrutado esto.

If they hadn't forgotten the event, they would have been there.
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Si ellos no hubieran olvidado el evento, habrían estado allí.

Conditional wish + past simple.
Wish + Past simple
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Condicional wish + past simple.
Wish + Past simple

I wish you were here.
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Ojalá estuvieras aquí.

I wish I were rich.
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Yo deseo ser rico.

I wish it were not cold tonight.
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Ojalá no estuviera frío esta noche.

I wish I lived in New York.
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Ojalá viviera en Nueva York.

Conditional wish + past perfect.
Wish + Past perfect
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Condicional wish + past perfect.
Wish + Past perfect

I wish I had learned English when I was younger.
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Ojalá hubiera aprendido inglés cunado era más joven.

I wish I had stayed in Madrid.
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Ojalá me hubiera quedado en Madrid.

I wish I had listened to my mom.
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Ojala hubiera escuchado a mi madre.

Conditional wish + would
Wish + Would
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Condicional wish + would
Wish + Would

I wish you would stop making that.
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Ojalá dejaras de hacer eso.

I wish they would stop fighting.
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Ojalá ellos dejaran de pelear.

I wish he would call me.
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Ojalá él me llamara.

unless
You can't go, unless you pass all the subjects.
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a menos que
No puedes ir a menos que pases todas las asignaturas.

provided that, providing that
You can go to Italy, provided that get good grades.
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siempre y cuando
Puedes ir a Italia, siempre y cuando tengas buenas notas.

as long as
She will come as long as she finishes at the office.
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siempre y cuando
Ella va a venir siempre y cuando termine en la oficina.


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