8.1 GRAMMAR: PAST AND MIXED CONDITIONALS

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Question English
Answer English

I think if any of us had used it, it would have felt really wrong.
the past
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had used; would have felt

If that had happened to me, I might not have jumped.
the past
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had happened; might not have jumped

I would have done the same thing.
the past
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would have done

If he hadn't jumped down there, the baby wouldn't be alive.
the past and the present
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hadn't jumped; wouldn't be

Do the sentences above refer to real or hypothetical situations?
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All four sentences are hypothetical because the condition is always in the past so can't be changed.

Does each sentence refer to the past or to the past and the present?
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1-3 refer to the past; 4 refers to the past and the present.

Sentence 3 has only one (result) clause. Why is it unnecessary to have a conditional clause? In the second text find another example of a result clause on its own.
I would have done the same thing.
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The conditional (if) clause is often not used if the condition is understood or obvious.
Anybody would have done the same.

In the conditional clause use the (?) to talk about the hypothetical past.
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In the conditional clause use the past perfect to talk about the hypothetical past.

In the result clause use: a) (?) + (?) + (?) to talk about the past.
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In the result clause use: a) modal + have + past participle to talk about the past.

b) (?) + (?) to talk about the present.
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b) modal + infinitive to talk about the present.

If they (be) more prepared when they set out that morning, he (not need) to risk his own life.
A hiker saved two strangers lost on a snowing mountain by sharing his food and water with them and risking his own life.
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If they had been more prepared when they set out that morning, he wouldn't have needed to risk his own life.

They (be) dead now if he (leave) them there.
A hiker saved two strangers lost on a snowing mountain by sharing his food and water with them and risking his own life.
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They would/might/could be dead now if he had left them there.


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