3.2 HOME FROM HOME: PREFIXES

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Question English Answer English
Read about a hotel. Why is it famous?
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The hotel is famous because many celebrities have lived in it, such as Madonna, Arthur C Clarke and Jack Kerouac.
understatement
To say the movie is bad is an understatement.
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a statement that is not strong enough to express how good, bad, impressive etc something really is
lobby
the hotel lobby
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a large area inside the entrance of a public building
shoot
a photo shoot
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an occasion when someone takes photographs or makes a film
prefix: de-, ir-, im-, non-, un-
meaning: negatives/opposites/reverse
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prefix: de-, ir-, im-, non-, un- in English
example: degenerate, irreplaceable, immortalised, non-conformity, unfortunately
meaning: negatives/opposites/reverse We use: de-, ir-, im-, un- with adjectives and adverbs; non-: nouns, adjectives
prefix: under-, over-
meaning: size or degree
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prefix: under-, over- in English
example: understatement, overexposed
meaning: size or degree We use: under-, over-: nouns, adjectives, verbs
prefix: mal-, mis-
meaning: wrong or bad
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prefix: mal-, mis- in English
example: maladministration, misbehaviour
meaning: wrong or bad We use: mal-, mis-: verbs, abstract nouns, adjectives
prefix: pre-, post-
meaning: time (before or after)
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prefix: pre-, post- in English
example: pre-dates, post-war
meaning: time (before or after) We use: pre-, post-: adjectives
prefixe: pro-, anti-
meaning: attitude or opinion (for or against)
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prefixe: pro-, anti- in English
example: proactive, anti-establishment
meaning: attitude or opinion (for or against) We use: pro-, anti-: nouns and adjectives
When we add a prefix to the root word, the spelling of the root word usually changes.
One statement about prefixes is true. Correct the false statements.
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F When we add a prefix to the root word, the spelling of the root word doesn't usually change.
We cannot add more than one prefix at a time to root words.
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F We can add more than one prefix at a time to root words, e.g. uninhabitable.
Learning to recognise prefixes helps us to build our vocabulary and guess unknown words.
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T Learning to recognise prefixes helps us to build our vocabulary and guess unknown words.
There are rules that tell us which prefixes we can add to each root word.
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F There are no rules that tell us which prefixes we can add to each root word.
a place that is (?)known to most tourists because it's (?)exposed in the media
Complete the words by adding prefixes
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a place that is unknown to most tourists because it's underexposed in the media
a hotel, restaurant, bar or café that looks (?)descript but is (?)rated
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a hotel, restaurant, bar or café that looks non-descript but is underrated
a hotel, restaurant, bar or café that you think is (?)attractive and a bit (?)rated
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a hotel, restaurant, bar or café that you think is unattractive and a bit overrated
a building that is (?)inhabitable because it was (?)managed in the past
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a building that is uninhabitable because it was mismanaged in the past
a threatened habitat that is (?)replaceable, but (?)possible to save
threaten: to be likely to harm or destroy something; Illegal hunting threatens the survival of the white rhino.
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a threatened habitat that is irreplaceable, but impossible to save
She was a supermodel when miniskirts first became fashionable.
Underline two prefixes in each sentence.
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supermodel, miniskirts
Camping in sub-zero temperatures, the team soon learnt to cooperate.
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sub-zero, cooperate
I became bilingual by interacting with French speakers from an early age
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bilingual, interacting
I'm semi-retired now, but I outlasted many younger men in this business
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semi-retired, outlasted
prefix: bi-
bimonthly, bicentenary
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meaning: two
prefix: co-
co-author, co-pilot
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meaning: joint
prefix: inter-
interchangeable, intercontinental
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meaning: between/among
prefix: mini-
minicab, minimise
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meaning: small
prefix: out
outsell, outplay
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meaning: bigger/greater than something else
prefix: semi-
semi-skimmed, semicolon
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meaning: half
prefix: sub-
subtitle, subway
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meaning: below
prefix: super-
supernatural, superpower
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meaning: more/more powerful/larger
twice every month
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bimonthly
a hero who has amazing powers
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superhero
grow too big for some of your clothes
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outgrow
a secondary plot that isn't the main story
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sub-plot
between or among nations
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international
a circle cut in half
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semicircle
two people who founded a business together
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co-founders
a small bar, or drinks in a small fridge, in your hotel room
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minibar

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