2. 1 WORDS OF WISDOM: LEARNING AND EXPERIENCE

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wisdom
Data (Facts); Information (Meaningful Data); Knowledge (Organised Information); Wisdom (Applied Knowledge); Enlightenment (Clarity of perception).
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the ability to use your knowledge and experience of life to make good decisions and give good advice
I certainly hope to gain a little wisdom as I grow older. He was a man of great wisdom sabedoria, sensatez

wise
Smart people: They may impose their thoughts on others sometimes. / Wise people: They accept the differences between others and themselves.
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a wise person is able to use their knowledge and experience of life to make good decisions and give good advice
It’s wise to check whether the flight times have changed before you leave for the airport. sensato, prudente, sábio

find your feet
find your feet: adjusting to a new place or situation
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to become familiar with and confident in a new situation
Did it take you long to find your feet when you started your new job?

mentor
A mentor is someone you learn from
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someone who advises and helps a less experienced person

do the trick
That should do the trick
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spoken if something does the trick, it helps you to succeed in doing what you want
The trick is to bend your knees when you catch the ball.

Look on the bright side and appreciate the good things in your life.
Match advice a)-h) with 8 of the people.
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8 SANTA SEBAG-MONTEFIORE: He meant be positive, and always be grateful for what you have.
Every single day you make a choice

Don't be afraid to disagree with the majority. The crowd isn't always right.
You are the majority
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9 NOBANTU SESEKE: What I've learnt is to trust your instincts. Go with your gut feeling.

Success isn't about the hours you work; it's about getting the job done.
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4 HONG BO CHIN: You're not impressing anyone working ridiculous hours. Just get the job done.

Use every chance you get.
Take every chance you get in life, because some things only happen once.
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1 JANE GOODALL: and you take advantage of opportunities.

An original idea is no use unless you work to perfect it.
Rewriting is the essence of good writing
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7 PAOLA GAVAZZI: You are not paid to write. You are paid to rewrite.

Don't be afraid to make mistakes.
Don't be afraid to make mistakes. Be afraid of not learning from them. -Unknown
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5 PETER BARRON: the man who never made a mistake never made anything.

Don't waste time wondering what might have been. Look to the future.
Stay away from what might have been, and look at what can be. Marsha Petrie Sue
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2 SIR RICHARD BRANSON: My mother always taught me never to look back in regret but to move on to the next thing.

Work hard and have confidence in your abilities.
You have to have confidence in your ability, and then be tough enough to follow through. Rosalynn Carter
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6 STEFAN OROGOVITZ: You do all you can, never apologise, and believe in yourself.

become familiar with a new situation or experience
Find expressions in the article with the following meanings.
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find our feet

use the chances you get
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take advantage of opportunities

a problem that prevents or delays progress
A setback is never a bad experience, just another one of life's lessons. Richard Branson
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a setback
percalço, contratempo

in a position in which you quickly have to learn something difficult
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on a steep learning curve
íngreme, acentuado

finding out how something is done in a particular place or situation
We learn the ropes of life by untying its knots. -Jean Toomer
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learning the ropes
como funcionam as coisas

changed a person deeply, e.g. the way they understand the world
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had a profound effect on

believe that your feelings are correct
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trust your instincts

act according to your personal feelings about something
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go with your gut feeling

When were you last on a steep learning curve? What was the most difficult thing to learn?
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The popular meaning of "steep learning curve" is "difficult to learn"; the technical meaning is "quick to learn".

In what situations do you always trust your instincts?
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“Trust your gut” is old advice, but it turns out, it’s scientifically sound advice as well.

What opportunities have you taken advantage of?
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to use a situation or opportunity to get what you want

Can you think of a great event or person that had a profound effect on you?
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Colonial war in Angola.

Can you think of a situation or place in which you had to learn the ropes?
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New recruits had to learn how to tie knots and manipulate the ropes that moved the sails to capture wind most effectively; this series of lessons was termed “learning the ropes.”

Can you think of a great event or person that had a profound effect on you?
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a powerful/profound effect (very big); a change or result that is caused by an event or action

How long did it take you to find your feet in your current school or workplace?
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find your feet to become confident in a new situation: Matt’s only been at the school two weeks and he hasn’t found his feet yet.

What's the best way to deal with a setback at work?
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setback: a problem that stops you from making progress

Are you analytical when you make decisions, or do you usually go with your gut feeling?
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gut feeling/reaction/instinct informal a feeling that you are sure is right, although you cannot give a reason for it:
I had a gut feeling that he was a dangerous man.

primatologist
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the branch of zoology dealing with the primates (a member of the group of animals that includes monkeys and humans).

give up
You shouldn’t give up so easily.
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to stop trying to do something

waitressing
She waitressed in a restaurant to help pay her way through college.
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the occupation of a waitress.

trip
His wife was away on a business trip
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a journey to visit a place

look back in regret
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Maybe we commit mistakes and unwise decisions in the past but we just have to let it go and look forward

setback
Today’s result was a major setback for the team.
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a problem that stops you from making progress
percalço, contratempo

to be on a steep learning curve
They also often have steep learning curves that force you to spend a lot of time getting killed before you understand how things actually work.
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We associate steepness with difficulty because it’s harder to walk up a steep incline than a shallow one.

drive/work yourself into the ground
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to make yourself tired or ill by working too hard

ego
He has an enormous ego (thinks he is very clever and important).
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the good opinion that you have about yourself

learning the ropes
The origin of this expression is from sailing ships, where the sailors had to get to know the complicated system of ropes which made up the rigging.
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To learn or understand the basic details of how to do or perform a job, task, or activity.

figure
Can you read this figure? Is it a three or an eight? Write the amount in both words and figures.
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the symbol for a number or an amount expressed in numbers

to write something again in a different way

profound effect
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a profound effect is a deep or serious effect on a situation that could be life changing.

fog
thick/dense/heavy/freezing fog The accident happened in thick fog.
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cloudy air near the ground, which is difficult to see through

go with (one's) gut
If you're worried because your daughter isn't home yet, go with your gut and call the police.
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To trust or follow an intuition or instinct, as opposed to an opinion based on a logical analysis.

Find and correct the mistakes
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in sentences 1-8. There are five mistakes.

* I've only been working here for two weeks so I'm still learning ropes.
*learning ropes
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I've only been working here for two weeks so I'm still learning the ropes.

* If you're not sure, go with your guts feelings.
(corrrect)
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If you're not sure, go with your guts feelings.

*The team's hopes suffered a setback last night.
(corrrect)
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The team's hopes suffered a setback last night. (correct)

*I decided to make advantage of the opportunity.
make
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I decided to take advantage of the opportunity.

*David didn't need to think because he trusted on his instincts.
on
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David didn't need to think because he trusted his instincts.

*That film had a profound effect on me at an early age.
Correct
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That film had a profound effect on me at an early age.

*I'm still trying to find my feet in my new job.
Correct
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I'm still trying to find my feet in my new job.

*It's a difficult course and Frank's on the steep learning curve.
the
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It's a difficult course and Frank's on a steep learning curve.

motto
mottos or mottoes
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a short statement that expresses someone’s aims or principles


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