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The school was destroyed in an arson attack.
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the crime of deliberately making a building burn
fogo posto

We tried everything – persuasion, bribery, threats.
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when someone offers or accepts bribes

Counterfeiting is a significant problem in the art world.
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copying something exactly in order to deceive people
falsificado, falso [moeda, nota, cédula]

The threat of hacking and computer viruses is increasing.
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someone who secretly uses or changes the information in other people’s computer systems
entrar de forma ilegal em [sistema informático como hacker]; métodos e técnicas utilizadas pelos hackers.

identity theft
The identity theft wrecked his life.
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a crime in which someone gets personal information about someone so they can use that person’s bank account, credit card etc
também identity fraud roubo de identidade

There has been a series of kidnappings in Africa.
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to take someone somewhere by force, especially in order to get money for returning them

Crime is on the increase, especially mugging and burglary.
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to attack and rob someone in a public place
assalto [na rua]; mug xícara ou chávena; fork over: to give something to someone unwillingly

She was arrested for shoplifting. He was accused of shoplifting.
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the crime of taking things from shops without paying for them
furto de antigos [em loja] Ele foi acusado de furto de artigos.

Celebrities are at risk of stalking.
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a person who follows and watches someone for a long time in a way that annoys or frightens them
perseguição; stalker pessoa que persegue outra

Vandalism costs councils thousands of pounds.
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to deliberately damage things, especially public property

Are you accusing me of lying? How dare you accuse me of lying!
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to say that someone has done something wrong or illegal
to accuse sb of (doing) sth acusar alguém de (fazer) alguma coisa; Como se atreve a acusar-me de mentir!

The police arrested Eric for shoplifting.
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if the police arrest someone, the person is taken away because the police think they have done something illegal
deter, prender to arrest sb for (doing) sth deter/prender alguém por (fazer) alguma coisa

I often dream of becoming a ballerina.
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to have a dream of something for the future
sonho to have a dream (about sth/sb) ter um sonho (com alguma coisa/alguém) a bad dream um pesadelo

I thanked him for the flowers.
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to tell someone that you are grateful for something that they have given you or done for you
agradecer to thank sb for (doing) sth agradecer a alguém por (fazer) alguma coisa She thanked me for the flowers. Ela agradeceu-me pelas flores.

He rescued two people from the fire.
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to save someone from harm or danger
resgatar, salvar

The lifeguard saved a boy from drowning.
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to make someone or something safe from danger or harm

She was suspected of hacking into government computers.
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to think that someone is probably guilty of a crime

He apologised for being late.
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to tell someone that you are sorry that you have upset them or caused them problems
pedir desculpas, desculpar-se

Jon criticised me of complaining all the time.
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to express your disapproval of someone or something, or to talk about their faults

She is banned from entering the building.
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to officially say that people must not do something
proibição, interdição

Banks were blamed for causing the economic crisis.
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to say or think that someone or something is responsible for something bad

He was charged with murder.
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to state officially that someone may be guilty of a crime
(na Justiça) acusação to bring/press charges (against sb) fazer uma denúncia (contra alguém)

She was cleared of manslaughter.
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to prove that someone is not guilty of something
absolver, inocentar He was eventually cleared of murder. Ele acabou por ser inocentado do crime de homicídio; manslaughter homicídio involuntário

He bought her a diamond necklace.
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a piece of jewellery that you wear around your neck

A hacker had managed to get into the system.
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someone who secretly uses or changes the information in other people’s computer systems
alguém que consegue entrar de forma ilegal em [sistema informático como hacker]

I bought some software for accessing the Internet.
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to find and use information, especially on a computer
acesso Students need to have access to computers. Os alunos têm que ter acesso a computadores. aceder [informação, um site], abrir [um documento]

I don't want to live in a greedy and selfish society.
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wanting more food, money, power, possessions etc than you need
guloso, ganancioso

Activist groups fight for vulnerable people
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someone who works to achieve social or political change
ativista, militante

lobster (Maine lobster or American lobster)
Have you ever eaten lobster? Cold Water = Better Lobster. The meat is much sweeter that lobsters grown in warm conditions. This is because the cold water keeps the meat from absorbing the salt in the water.
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a sea animal with eight legs, a shell, and large claws, or the meat of this animal as food;
lavagante: lobster

rock lobster/spiny lobster
Have you ever eaten rock or spiny lobster? Rock lobster is also raised in warm water, and has a seafood taste.
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a sea animal with eight legs, a shell, and the antenna is very large and thick, plus there’s no large claw either. The benefit is that the tail has more meat than the lobster.

The members of the jury decide if a person is guilty or innocent.
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a group of twelve ordinary people in a court who decide whether someone is guilty

The boys almost drowned in the river.
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to die by being under water for too long, or to kill someone in this way
afogar-se, afogar

She claimed I cheated in the test.
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to behave in a dishonest way in order to win or to get an advantage, especially in a competition, game, or examination
copiar, fazer batota, enganar

The company is inclined to boast of its success.
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to talk too proudly about your abilities, achievements, or possessions
gabar-se de, gabar-se He boasted that he was the best player. Ele gabou-se de ser o melhor jogador. alarde, fanfarronice, bazófia

The boss concealed the truth of the accounts from his employees.
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to hide something carefully
ocultar, esconder

She knew that society would condemn her for leaving her children.
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to say very strongly that you do not approve of something or someone, especially because you think it is morally wrong
condenar [um atentado, uma decisão, etc.]

She was fined for speeding.
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to make someone pay money as a punishment
multar, multa

The doctor mistook the symptoms for blood poisoning.
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to wrongly think that one person or thing is someone or something else
erro, engano to make a mistake cometer um erro by mistake por engano; interpretar/entender mal

They are prohibited from revealing details about the candidates.
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to say that an action is illegal or not allowed

It’s unfair to punish a whole class for the actions of one or two students.
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to make someone suffer because they have done something wrong or broken the law

He was accused of trying to hide evidence from the police.
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to deliberately put or keep something or someone in a place where they cannot easily be seen or found

The guys laughed and joked about it later.
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to say things that are funny or that you do not really mean
piada, brincadeira

Eight schools participated in the project.
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to take part in an activity or event
to participate (in sth) participar (em alguma coisa)

He pretended to be angry but he wasn't really.
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to behave as though something is true when you know that it is not

She grabbed my bag and ran.
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to take hold of someone or something suddenly or violently
agarrar The thief grabbed my handbag and ran off. O ladrão agarrou a minha mala e fugiu.

be taken in
Don’t be taken in by products claiming to help you lose weight in a week.
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to be completely deceived by someone who lies to you
ser levado

I was completely deceived.
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to make someone believe something that is not true

Don’t distract me while I’m driving!
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to take someone’s attention away from what they are doing

The crime crackdown is an attempt to divert attention from social problems.
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to deliberately take someone’s attention from something by making them think about or notice other things
1 desviar 2 to divert attention from sth desviar a atenção de alguma coisa; medidas severas They’re having a crackdown on traffic offences. Estão a tomar medidas severas contra infrações de trânsito.

fall for
He is too smart to fall for that trick.
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to be tricked into believing something that is not true
fall for sth (informal) cair em alguma coisa [um golpe, uma mentira]

Don’t be fooled into thinking it’s easy to lose weight.
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to make someone believe something that is not true

She was caught posing as a police officer
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to pretend to be someone else, in order to deceive people:
to pose as sb fazer-se passar por alguém

The boy snatched the note from her hand.
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to take something from someone with a sudden movement
1 (agarrar) tirar, arrancar 2 (roubar) arrancar

If you switch your phone for a newer model it'll work better.
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to change from one thing to another thing
[transitivo] trocar Someone has switched the labels. Alguém trocou as etiquetas.

Can I swap my ten pound note for two fivers?
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to exchange something you have for something that someone else has
to swap sth (with sb) trocar alguma coisa (com alguém) I swapped hats with Natasha. Troquei de chapéu com a Natasha. to swap sth for sth trocar algo por alguma coisa

fall off
The handle fell off.
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if part of something falls off, it becomes separated from the main part
fall off 1 soltar-se, cair 2 diminuir [procura, vendas]

get knocked out
His head hit a table as he fell and he got knocked out.
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to make someone become unconscious or go to sleep
knock sb out 1 pôr alguém inconsciente, pôr alguém fora de combate [boxe]

They got stuck in a traffic jam for hours.
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impossible or unable to move from a particular position
estar/ficar preso [num lugar]; estar empancado. Can you help me with my homework? I’m stuck. Podes ajudar-me com os trabalhos de casa? Estou empancado.

knock over
A man was knocked over by a bus last year.
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to hit someone with a vehicle while you are driving, so that they are hurt or killed
knock sb/sth over derrubar alguém/alguma coisa

lock out of
I left my keys inside and locked myself out of the flat.
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to keep someone out of a place by locking the door
lock sb out trancar alguém do lado de fora

run over
She was run over and killed by a bus.
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to hit someone or something with a vehicle, and drive over them
run sb over atropelar alguém He was run over by a lorry. Ele foi atropelado por um camião.

on fire
Within minutes the top floor was on fire.
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to be burning
to be on fire estar em chamas

Someone stole my passport.
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to take something that does not belong to you
to steal (sth) from sb roubar (alguma coisa) de alguém I stole £10 from my sister. Roubei £10 à minha irmã

The two men were jailed for robbing a bank.
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to steal money or other things from a bank, shop, or person
assaltar [um banco] to rob sb of sth roubar alguma coisa a alguém She felt she had been robbed of the Olympic gold medal. Ela sentiu que lhe tinham roubado a medalha de ouro olímpica. rob, steal ou burgle?

I’ll need to check under the bonnet.
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the front part of a car that covers the engine
capô [do motor]

Can you put the luggage in the boot?
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an enclosed space at the back of a car, used for carrying bags etc
porta-malas, mala [de carro]; porta-bagagens

I need to go to the garage, one of my indicator lights isn't working.
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one of the lights on a car that flash to show which way the car is turning
piscas; Preciso de ir à garagem, um dos meus piscas não funciona.

number plate
Can you remember your number plate?
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the sign on the front and back of a vehicle that shows its official number
placa de matrícula (de carro)

steering wheel
She gripped the steering wheel tightly.
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a wheel that you turn to control the direction of a car
volante; Ela segurou o volante com força.

sun roof
He likes driving with the sun roof open.
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a part of the roof of a car that you can open to let in air and light
(de carro) tejadilho

tail light
Can you check my tail lights are working?
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one of the two red lights at the back of a vehicle
luz traseira

I had a flat tyre on the way home.
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the round piece of rubber that fits around a wheel of a car, bicycle etc and is filled with air

A stone shattered my windscreen. windshield
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the large window at the front of a car, bus etc

windscreen wipe
Windscreen wipers make it easier to drive in the rain.
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a long piece of metal with a rubber edge that moves across a windscreen to remove the rain
limpa para-brisas

The wing got badly damaged in the car crash.
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the part of a car that is above a wheel.
(de carro) guarda-lamas

wing mirror
Make sure you can see out of both wing mirrors.
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a mirror on the side of a car
(espelho) retrovisor

collide with
He collided with another car at the traffic lights.
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to hit something or someone that is moving in a different direction from you

drive the wrong way
She drove the wrong way to the supermarket.
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to make a mistake in the direction you take
conduzir em contra a mão

He exceeded the speed limit on more than one occasion.
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to go beyond what rules or laws say you are allowed to do.
ultrapassar [um limite]

The accident happened as he was overtaking a bus.
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to go past a moving vehicle or person because you are going faster than them
ultrapassar [um veículo]

pull out
Some idiot pulled out in front of me.
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if a car pulls out, it moves away from the side of a road into a line of traffic
1 arrancar [veículo] 2 mudar de faixa [para ultrapassar] to pull out in front of sb arrancar na frente de alguém [no trânsito]

I'm afraid I scratched your car.
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to make a small cut or mark on something by pulling something sharp across it
(marcar) riscar

The car skidded on ice.
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if a vehicle skids, it suddenly slides sideways and you cannot control it

She swerved but too late.
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to suddenly move to the left or right while you are driving
desviar bruscamente The car swerved across the road into a wall. O carro desviou bruscamente, cruzou a rua e bateu num muro

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