lesson 10 THE FUTURE

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Question English
Answer English

THE FUTURE is
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WILL

The Future WILL is used for future predictions and facts.
I will love...
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SUBJECTS + WILL + INFINITIVE without "to"
I will love...

I will have seven children. I will get married to a rich and handsome man.
He will sow seven seeds in me, from which seven children will grow.
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Seven is my lucky number
Blue is my favorite color. But what I like most is pizza.

I will work in an office from 9 to 9...
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I will have a nose job.
I will impose peace on the world.

WILL is also used: To make a SPONTANEOUS RESPONSE.
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The telephone is ringing. I will answer it!

WILL is also used: to mean WANT TO or BE WILLING TO.
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I hope you will come to my apartment tonight.

WILL is also used: In reference to OFFERS and PROMISES.
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I will bring some food. She always says she will cook, but she is a disaster when it comes to cooking.

I will be good.
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Don't make promises you can't keep.

FUTURE WILL question
Will you always be my friend?
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WILL + SUBJECT + INFINITIVE without "to"
Will you be...?

FUTURE WILL negative
Sure! I won't ever grow up!
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SUBJECT + WILL NOT/WON'T + INFINITIVE without "to"
I won't grow up!

the other future: be going to
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SUBJECT + TO BE + GOING TO + VERB

The future BE GOING TO
I'm going to leave my job. I'm going to go to the Congo. I'm going to give away my stuff. I'm going to dance every night.
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is used to describe FUTURE PLANS and INTENTIONS
I'm going to quit smoking. I'm going to stop complaining. I'm going to learn to play the accordion.

I'm going to learn to speak English.
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I'm going to go to bed. Tomorrow is another day.
She is not going to make her dreams come true.

She is going to stay the same and forget about all her plans.
GOING TO - GONNA in spoken English
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The future BE GOING TO is also used to make a PREDICTION based on present evidence.

The future BE GOING TO question
Is she going to stop complaining?
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TO BE + SUBJECT + GOING + INFINITIVE
Is she going to stop complaining?

The future BE GOING TO negative
She's not going to accomplish her plans.
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SUBJECT + TO BE + NOT + GOING + INFINITIVE
She's not going to accomplish her plans.

FUTURE CONTINUOUS
I will be waiting...
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SUBJECT + WILL BE + PRESENT PARTICIPLE (verb+ing)
I will be waiting...

Use Future Continuous: When an ACTION will be IN PROGRESS IN THE FUTURE.
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She'll be waiting until her husband arrives.
I'll be waiting up for you awake.

Use Future Continuous: For an ACTION IN THE FUTURE that happens AROUND A CERTAIN TIME.
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Next year they will be enjoying their morning just as much.
I'll be arriving around 10 p.m.

Use Future Continuous: for FORMAL OFFERS
Will you be eating some appetizers, Madam?
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Will you be eating some appetizers, madam? Yes, I will. Mmm... delicious!

Use Future Continuous: to CHECK INFORMATION
Will you be having lunch with us?
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Will you be having lunch with us? Sure! Will you be going to the party later?

Use Future Continuous: for SYMPATHETIC PREDICTIONS about people's feelings.
You will be needing to unwind after a hard day of work.
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You'll be needing to unwind after a hard day of work. I'm going to be needing a blossom tea.

FUTURE CONTINUOUS questions
Will you be needing to unwind?
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WILL BE + SUBJECT + PRESENT PARTICIPLE (ver+ing)
Will you be needing...?

with BE GOING TO
Are you going to be needing...?
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TO BE + SUBJECT + GOING TO BE + PRESENT PARTICIPLE (verb+ing)
Are you going to be needing...?

FUTURE CONTINUOUS negatives
I won't be waiting for you.
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SUBJECT + WILL NOT BE/WON'T BE + PRESENT PARTICIPLE (verb+ing)
She won't be waiting...

with BE GOING TO
She's not going to be waiting...
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SUBJECT + IS/ARE + NOT + GOING TO BE + PRESENT PARTICIPLE (verb+ing)
She's not going to be waiting...


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