Japanese Grammar Structures

 0    89 flashcards    alexsyriopoulos
download mp3 print play test yourself
 
Question
Answer

要するに
start learning
In short

And (adds more to the sentence, but doesn't necessarily have to be related)

もっとも
start learning
Except

Except (to add conditions and exceptions to previous sentence)

But (to add a condition or question to previous sentence)

したがって
start learning
That's why, So

どうしてかというと
start learning
That's because, The reason is

すなわち
start learning
In other words, Namely

So, As such (when wanting to develop the conversation)

それでも
start learning
Despite this, Nevertheless

それなのに
start learning
And yet, But

をきっかけに
start learning
Because of, Since (something acts as justification for certain action)

をもとに
start learning
Through, Based on, From

ば∼というものでもない
start learning
Just because... doesn't mean, Not necessarily the case that

恐れがある
start learning
おそれがある There is a risk that

をこめて
start learning
With [emotions]

を中心に
start learning
Mainly, Especially

Not at all, Definitely not (attaches to non-negative)

というものだ
start learning
Is generally the case that

ものではない
start learning
Should not

Is meant to be (generally the case)

にしろ(∼にしろ)
start learning
Regardless of whether

を問わず
start learning
Regardless of

に関わらず
start learning
Regardless of

も構わず
start learning
もかまわず Without caring

をはじめ(として)
start learning
(Lists main example first)

にほかならない
start learning
Nothing other than, Nothing but

(より)ほかない
start learning
All one can do

とは限らない
start learning
Always the chance of (something unexpected) happening

に違いない
start learning
Must have, Bound to have

にかけては
start learning
When it comes to

から∼にかけて
start learning
From... to

てからでないと
start learning
Unless one does... cannot

からといって
start learning
Just because

から見ると
start learning
From the perspective of

からして
start learning
Judging from

からすると
start learning
Judging from

から言うと
start learning
From the perspective of

からには
start learning
Since

Now that, Since, Because

に応じて
start learning
におうじて According to [ability, necessity, etc.]

そうにない
start learning
Unlikely that

かのように/かのようだ
start learning
As if

ようがない
start learning
No way to

のみならず∼も
start learning
Not only... but also

ばかりに
start learning
Because (emphasises the reason why something bad happened)

ばかりか∼も
start learning
Not only... but also

だけに/だけあって
start learning
Since, Because

も同然だ/も同然のN
start learning
Virtually...

のはもっともだ
start learning
Naturally, No wonder

ないことには∼ない
start learning
Unless... won't/will not

ことなく
start learning
Without...

にわたって
start learning
Across, Throughout, Over [time, area]

に過ぎない
start learning
Nothing more than

V(-ます) + 次第
start learning
Once, As soon as

次第で/次第だ
start learning
Depending on


V + 一方だ
start learning
(Indicates change)

On the other hand

に反して
start learning
Contrary to

たところ
start learning
When (action happened)

In the end (after long time, after lots of effort)

すえ After having done

わけにはいかない
start learning
No way, Can't afford to, Impossible to

So... (emphasises great extent of action or state)

What... is

に従って
start learning
にしたがって According to, As...

につれて
start learning
As...

に伴って
start learning
にともなって Because of, As...

としても/にしても
start learning
Even

としたら/とすれば
start learning
If

にしたら/にすれば
start learning
For

ばかりだ
start learning
Just, Keeps...

N+ さえ∼ば/V-ます + さえ∼すれば
start learning
Just by

Just for, Specially for

に限らず∼も
start learning
Not only... but also

As long as, Within

Whilst (certain state exists)

V-ます + がい
start learning
Worth

かいがあって
start learning
Worth

てばかりはいられない
start learning
Can't keep (always) just...

ないではいられない
start learning
Can't help but

ないこともない
start learning
... is possible

ないことはない
start learning
Not the case that can't

てかなわない
start learning
Can't stand [situation]

てたまらない
start learning
Can't stand [emotion]

はまだしも
start learning
... is permissible, but not

はもとより∼も
start learning
Of course... but also/let alone

Tend to, Often the case


You must sign in to write a comment