Grammar - Grammatik

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Answer

What is Extremely Simplified Grammar?
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These are some rules, which (excluding exceptions) will help you to understand grammar. You will be able to build, not always 100% correct, sentences.

"Nouns with the article 'en': if the last letter is 'a' then change it into '-or', if the last letter is any other letter then it is '-er' or '-ar' - you have to learn it by heart

Nouns with the article 'ett': if the last letter is a vocal then add '-n', if it is a consonant then plural is the same singular"
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Nouns med artikeln 'ett': om sista bokstaven är en vokal, lägg till '-n', om det är en konsonant så är plural samma singular "

regular verb forms in Perfekt
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Change the end of the verb into '-t' or, if the verb ends with sth different than '-a', into '-tt'

regular verb forms in Preteritum
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"Verbs which end with -r in Present: change -r into -de

Verbs which end with -er in Present: change -r into -de
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Verbs som slutar med -er i Present: ändra -r till -de

Verbs which end with -er in Present and the last letter of verb's topic is p, t, s, k: change -r into -te
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Verbs som slutar med -er i Present och den sista bokstaven av verbs ämne är p, t, s, k: ändra -r till -te

Verbs which infinitive ends with a different letter than 'a': add -dde"
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Verbs som infinitiva slutar med ett annat brev än 'a': add -dde "

opposite word
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add '-o' in the beginning of the word

adjective - comparative
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add '-are' in the end (excluding irregular adjectives)

adjective - superlative
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add '-ast' in the end (excluding irregular adjectives)

adverb from an adjective
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add '-t' in the end of an adjective

noun from a verb
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add '-else' in the end

negation for verb
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inte

verb's conjugation
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"to swim --> swim

att simma --> simmar "
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att simma -> simmar "

declarative clauses in present tense
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subject + verb in present + the rest
Jag gillar grammatik.

questions in present tense
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(question word) + verb in present + subject + the rest +?
Varför gillar du grammatik?

negation in present tense
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subject + verb in present + inte + the rest
Han gillar inte grammatik.

declarative clauses in past tense
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subject + verb in past tense + the rest
Hon gillade grammatik.

questions in past tense
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(question word) + verb in past tnese + subject + the rest +?
När gillade hon grammatik?

negation in past tense
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subject + verb in past tnese + inte + the rest
De tyckte inte om grammatik.

declarative clauses in future tense
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subject + ska + inftinitive + the rest
De ska gilla grammatik.

questions in future tense
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(question word) + ska + infinitive + subject + the rest +?
Varför ska de gilla grammatik?

negation in future tense
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subject + ska + inte + infinitive + the rest
Din hund ska inte gilla grammatik.

Are you missing a word?
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Say it in other words or use an international word. If you think about it, you know a lot of such words.

What is the best way to learn grammar?
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What is the best way to learn grammar? in English
Learn a lot of correct sentences and then learn the rules.


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