Extremely simplified grammar - Tata bahasa yang sangat disederhanakan

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Question Answer
Prepositions - time and possesion
The meeting will start at 6 am.
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with time and possesion, we use "pada"
Rapat akan mulai pada pukul 6 pagi.
Past tenses - verb tadi
Ridwan came looking for you.
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we use word "tadi" to express indefinite recent past (we know that the action took place recently)
Ridwan tadi datang mencarimu.
Past tenses - verb dulu
I was a teacher.
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we use word "dulu" to express indefinite distant past (we know that the action ended some time ago)
Saya dulu seorang guru.
Passive form of verbs
He was beaten.
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to create passive forms from verbs, we add "di-" at the beginning of a particular verb
pukul = to beat; di + pukul = beaten
Dia dipukul.
Plural nouns (1)
flower - flowers
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we double the noun in question
bunga - bunga-bunga
Past tenses - verbs sudah and telah
I had breakfast.
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we use words "sudah" or "telah" to express indefinite past (distant or recent, we don't know when the action took place)
Saya sudah sarapan pagi.
Passive form of nouns
eggs - to lay eggs
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to create passive forms from nouns, we add "ber-" at the beginning of a particular noun
"Ber-" transforms the noun into a passive object of an action: "telur" means "eggs" and when we add "ber-" to "telur" we get an action of doing something with eggs (laying them, in this case): the eggs become an object of the action of laying them.
telur - bertelur
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The lesson is part of the course
"Indonesian: day 2"
(total 257 flashcards)

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