English Master: Topic Vocabulary

 0    93 flashcards    englishmaster.topicvoc
download mp3 print play test yourself
 
Question English
Answer English

daycare centre
Many parents like daycare centers because they offer a formal, structured environment.
start learning
a place where parents pay to leave their children while the parents work

nursery school
Many parents may be wondering if they really need to put their kids in nursery school.
start learning
a school for children between the ages of about two and five

compulsory
Because education is not compulsory in all countries, there are many children who do not attend school.
start learning
if something is compulsory, you must do it because of a rule or law

denominational school
Non-government schools include Catholic schools, other denominational schools, and non-denominational independent schools.
start learning
a school associated with a particular religious group

higher education
The programme aims to forge links between higher education and small businesses.
start learning
education at a college or university where subjects are studied at an advanced level

intake
The work intake process identifies standards and processes that will be utilized for the intake of work requests.
start learning
the number of people who join a school, profession etc. at a particular time

grant
Grants and scholarships are often called “gift aid” because they are free money—financial aid that doesn’t have to be repaid. Grants are often need-based, while scholarships are usually merit-based.
start learning
an amount of money that is given to someone by a government, a company, etc., to be used for a particular purpose (such as scientific research)

scholarship
Grants and scholarships are often called “gift aid” because they are free money—financial aid that doesn’t have to be repaid. Grants are often need-based, while scholarships are usually merit-based.
start learning
an amount of money that is given to someone by an educational organization to help pay for their education

fellowship
Typically, fellowships fund study, research, or teaching in the U.S. or abroad. Fellowships are an investment in your future, not a reward for previous work.
start learning
money given to a student to allow them to continue their studies at an advanced level

to read (history)
At 20, I once took a train from Leeds to Edinburgh, chatted with a young man, asked him what he was reading at university -- "auto mechanics", he said.
start learning
to study a subject at a university

vocational training
Vocational training programs allow students to get ready for specific careers. Some high schools provide vocational training.
start learning
training that teaches you the skills you need to do a particular job

trainee
A management trainee is an individual who undergoes training for managerial or supervisory positions. A management trainee program is the best way to prepare employees to become managers in the future.
start learning
a person who is learning and practising the skills of a particular job

refresher course
Every now and then, even successful, experienced English language teachers can benefit from a refresher course.
start learning
a training course that keeps people informed about new developments in their area of interest or skill

curriculum
The International Baccalaureate curriculum takes a student-centered approach to learning, allowing learners a level of independence designed to foster their creativity and help them learn more effectively.
start learning
the subjects that are taught by a school, college etc, or the things that are studied in a particular subject

syllabus
A syllabus is a document that contains important information about your class.
start learning
the subjects or books to be studied in a particular course, especially a course that leads to an exam

to cram
Recent research shows that the lack of sleep caused by cramming may cause you to perform poorly.
start learning
to try to learn a lot very quickly before an exam

to arise interest
start learning
to provoke, to cause someone to have a particular feeling

to proofread
Set your text aside for a while (15 minutes, a day, a week) between writing and proofing.
start learning
to find and correct mistakes in text before it is printed or put online

scatterbrained
A: Why are you late? You were supposed to meet me at 1:30?! B: Sorry, I thought it was 2:30. I’m so scatterbrained today.
start learning
a person who forgets things easily or does not think seriously about things

disruptive
Most of the times students are not trying to be malicious and often are not aware that they are being disruptive.
start learning
causing trouble and therefore stopping something from continuing as usual

spirituality
Spirituality means something different to everyone. For some, it's about participating in organized religion: going to a church, synagogue, mosque, and so on. For others, it's more personal.
start learning
the quality that involves deep feelings and beliefs of a religious nature, rather than the physical parts of life

piety
The term piety usually refers to godliness or reverence for God. A person who shows great devotion to God through religious observance is said to be “pious.”
start learning
strong belief in a religion that is shown in the way someone lives

devotion
Her life was one of hard work and devotion to her family.
start learning
loyalty and love or care for someone or something

bliss
The first six months of marriage were sheer bliss.
start learning
perfect happiness

believer
A BELIEVER is “one who believes,” that is, one who has faith in something or someone.
start learning
a person who has a religious belief or who strongly believes that something is right or good

convert
More and more refugees are converting from Islam to Christianity as they settle in Germany, churches have said.
start learning
to change to a new religion, belief, opinion, etc., or to make someone do this

atheist
An atheist is anyone who doesn't believe in any gods.
start learning
someone who believes that God does not exist

pagan
‘Pagan’ originally simply meant not-Christian.
start learning
belonging or relating to a religion that worships many gods, especially one that existed before the main world religions

blasphemous
In 1619 he was accused of blasphemous and indecent writings, and was banished from Paris.
start learning
considered offensive to God or religion

sacrilege
Turning it into a marketing tool to be packaged and sold is a sacrilege.
start learning
(an act of) treating something holy or important without respect

heresy
There were times, when the idea the Earth was round was believed to be heresy.
start learning
a belief that is against the principles of a particular religion

transgress
If anyone were to transgress the rules in the code of conduct, they would immediately be expelled from the organization.
start learning
to break a moral law or a rule of behaviour

prophet
Prophets play an important role in many religions.
start learning
a person who is believed to have a special power that allows them to say what a God wishes to tell people, especially about things that will happen in the future

denomination
The denominations varied, dependent on his employment status.
start learning
a religious group that has slightly different beliefs from other groups that share the same religion

saint
He was declared a saint in the fifth century.
start learning
someone who has died and been officially recognized and honoured by the Christian church because his or her life was a perfect example of the way Christians should live

martyr
He was martyred for his religious beliefs.
start learning
a person who suffers very much or is killed because of their religious or political beliefs, and is often admired because of it

sin
A definition of sin is doing what is wrong or not doing what is right according to God's rules.
start learning
the offence of breaking, or the breaking of, a religious or moral law

foster parents
Pennsylvania has a critical need for more foster parents.
start learning
people who act as parents for a child in place of the child's natural parents but without legally adopting the child

godchild
My niece is also my godchild.
start learning
in the Christian religion, a child whose moral and religious development is partly the responsibility of two or more adults who promise to take this responsibility at a ceremony

guardian
Legal guardians are individuals that have legal authority to care for another person.
start learning
a person who has the legal right and responsibility of taking care of someone who cannot take care of himself or herself, such as a child whose parents have died

descendant
He was a descendant of Thomas Webster, who settled in New Hampshire about 1636.
start learning
a person who is related to you and who lives after you, such as your child or grandchild

heir
His mate soon gives birth to a son, Simba, and Mufasa teaches his heirapparent how to become a noble leader.
start learning
a person who will legally receive money, property, or a title, usually from an older member of the same family, when that person dies

siblings
The emotional bond between siblings is often complicated.
start learning
brothers or sisters

indistinguishable
Indistinguishable shadows moved around the room before me.
start learning
not able to be identified as different or distinct

devote my time to
Concerning my work experience, I must admit that it is limited, since I devote my time entirely to study and improve my level of languages.
start learning
to spend a lot of time doing something

role model
Most everyone has a role model in their life. They could be a parent, a friend, a teacher, or a sports hero.
start learning
a person who someone admires and whose behaviour they try to copy

indulgence
Most people think of giving too many material items when considering the topic of over-indulgence.
start learning
an occasion when you allow someone or yourself to have something enjoyable, especially more than is good for them

deprivation
The devastating effects of emotional deprivation on child development have been well studied among children raised in institutions.
start learning
a situation in which you do not have things or conditions that are usually considered necessary for a pleasant life

bring up
“To bring up a child in the way he should go, travel that way yourself once in a while.”
start learning
to take care of and educate a child

scold
He gave his son a scolding for coming home so late.
start learning
to speak to someone angrily because you disapprove of their behaviour

boisterous
It’s very normal for children to be full of energy, loud and boisterous.
start learning
noisy, energetic, and rough

obedient
DO YOU sometimes find it hard to be obedient?
start learning
a person or animal who is obedient does what they are told to do

run away
Kids who threaten to run away are using it for power.
start learning
to leave a place or person secretly and suddenly

rattle
Rattles can be made of wood, plastic or cloth.
start learning
a baby's toy with loose bits inside which make a noise when the baby shakes it

spinning top
Spinning tops are popular all over the world.
start learning
a toy with rounded sides, a flat top, and a vertical handle, that turns round and round when the handle is pushed and pulled up and down or twisted

battleship
Battleship is known worldwide as a pencil and paper game which dates from World War I.
start learning
a guessing game for two players

legislative power
The legislative power is often composing in most of the countries of the world of two cameras (i.e. which is bicameral): the Chamber of Senators and Chamber of Deputies.
start learning
the authority under the constitution to make laws and to alter or repeal them.

parliament
Which countries have the most women in parliament?
start learning
in some countries, the group of (usually) elected politicians or other people who make the laws for their country

controversy
Since the 17th century, scientists who have engaged in public political controversy have often been judged harshly by scientific colleagues, as well as by political adversaries.
start learning
a lot of disagreement or argument about something, usually because it affects or is important to many people

recess
A recess is a break during the parliamentary year in which neither the House of Commons or the House of Lords meets to conduct business.
start learning
a period of time in the year when the members of a parliament, court of law, or other government organization are not meeting

legislator
As a legislator Henry was conservative.
start learning
a member of a group of people who together have the power to make laws

to censor
North Koreans life in the most censored country in the world.
start learning
to remove anything offensive from books, films, etc., or to remove parts considered unsuitable from private letters, especially ones sent during war or from a prison

bill
The legislative process starts with the introduction of a Bill.
start learning
a formal statement of a planned new law that is discussed before being voted on

executive power
When you are the one with executive power you will have to make all of the tough decisions and hope they go right.
start learning
authority to enforce orders and to ensure they are carried out as intended

government
Presently, the term "republic" commonly means a system of government which derives its power from the people.
start learning
the group of people who officially control a country

reshuffle
Cabinet reshuffles happen in parliamentary systems for a variety of reasons.
start learning
an occasion when the positions of people or things within a particular group are changed

dismiss
On December 7, 2006, the George W. Bush administration's Department of Justice ordered the unprecedented midterm dismissal of seven United States Attorneys.
start learning
to remove someone from their job, especially because they have done something wrong

tax
The money you pay in taxes goes to many places.
start learning
the money you pay to the government that is based on your income or the cost of goods or services you have bought

to evade taxes
Tax evasion, is the illegal practice of not paying taxes, by not reporting income, reporting expenses not legally allowed, or by not paying taxes owed.
start learning
to find a way of not paying taxes

judiciary
In the US during recent decades the judiciary became active in economic issues.
start learning
the part of a country's government that is responsible for its legal system, including all the judges in the country's courts

presumption of innocence
In reality, the presumption of innocence has become problematic in its wider usage outside the courtroom.
start learning
principle that requires the government to prove the guilt of a criminal defendant and relieves the defendant of any burden to prove his or her innocence

culprit
Тhe main culprit for global warming appears to be carbon dioxide.
start learning
an individual who has been formally charged with a criminal offense but who has not yet been tried and convicted.

trial
At the trial, both sides the will give their opening statements
start learning
the hearing of statements and showing of objects, etc. in a law court to judge if a person is guilty of a crime

lawsuit
The legal papers that are filed in court at the beginning of a lawsuit are called "pleadings."
start learning
a case in a court of law which concerns a dispute between two people or organizations

courthouse
In the past many courthouses also included the local prison.
start learning
a building that contains law courts

statesman
“A politician thinks of the next election. A statesman, of the next generation.”
start learning
an important and experienced politician, especially one who is widely known and respected

national
I am a UK national - do I need a visa?
start learning
someone who officially belongs to a particular country

human rights
The essential rights protected by the Human Rights Act.
start learning
basic rights which many societies believe that all people should have

reign
The Reign of Terror is the label given to the period during the French Revolution.
start learning
the period of time when a king or queen rules a country

heir apparent
At present, Charles Prince of Wales is the heir apparent because he is the oldest son of the monarch.
start learning
the person with the automatic right to legally receive all or most of the money, property, titles, etc. from another person when they die

usurp
Some people have accused city council members of trying to usurp the mayor's power.
start learning
to seize, take over, or appropriate (land, a throne, etc) without authority

divine right
After the Glorious Revolution of 1688, the theory of the Divine Right of Kings lost almost all support in England.
start learning
a belief that a king or queen represents, and has been given power by, God

sultan
Education was an important area for the Sultan.
start learning
a ruler, especially in the past, of some Muslim countries

sheik
In Arabic, the term sheikh means man of old age, and it’s a title that is not easily earned.
start learning
the chief of an Arab family, tribe, or village and the official in the Muslim religious organization

depose
When you overthrow the government and the military dictator is tossed out of office, this is an example of when you depose the dictator.
start learning
to remove someone important from a powerful position

coup
he phrase coup d'état is French, literally meaning a "stroke of state" or "blow against the state".
start learning
a sudden illegal, often violent, taking of government power, especially by part of an army

alliance
NATO is an Alliance that consists of 29 independent member countries.
start learning
a group of countries, political parties, or people who have agreed to work together because of shared interests or aims

slush fund
Draw what you need from the slush fund, I'll sign for it.
start learning
an amount of money that is kept for dishonest or illegal activities in politics or business

ideology
Nazi ideology advocated excluding women from political involvement.
start learning
a set of beliefs or principles, especially one on which a political system, party, or organization is based

stance
Please, describe the stance the author takes in the passage
start learning
a way of thinking about something, especially expressed in a publicly stated opinion

lodge a protest
This prompted the Foreign Ministry to lodge a protest.
start learning
to make an official complaint about something

universal suffrage
In 1928, all women were given the vote, thus creating universal suffrage.
start learning
everyone's the right to vote in an election.

local election
The 2017 Scottish local elections were held on Thursday 4 May.
start learning
an election to select members for a local council


You must sign in to write a comment