Chinese Grammar Patterns

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Question
Answer

yŏu V tóu It is worth

还(算)
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hái (suàn) Rather/Fairly

hái... ne Come off it!/How could you...?

哪儿...了 OR 怎么...了
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năr... le OR zĕnme... le How is... the case? (It's not)

shŭ dé shàng To be reckoned to be/The best

拿...来说
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ná... láishuō To take... as an example

对...来说
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duì... láishuō As far as... is concerned

管 A 叫 B
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guăn A jiào B To call "A" as "B"

guăn To take charge/To control/To provide with

管他 V 不 V
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guăn tā V bu V I don't give a damn/I don't care

dào But/Yet/Actually/Unexpectedly (better)

好像...似的
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hăo xiàng... shì de To seem like/To seem as if

shòu To receive/To endure/To suffer from (non-medical)

受得了 OR 受不了
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shòu de liăo OR shòu bu liăo (Un)bearable

没有什么
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méi yŏu shén me Not at all...

qiān wàn For God's sake/At all costs/Be sure to

(Name) 这个人
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(Name) zhè ge rén ... This person

...什么的 OR 之类的
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... shén me de OR zhī lèi de This kind of thing/Etc

dōu... le Already

怎么 V 都/也不(没)
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zĕnme V dōu/yĕ bu (méi) No matter how... it is still...

V 什么都/也不(没)
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V shénme dōu/yĕ bu (méi) Whatever (someone does), it is still...

怎么 V 也 PVC (neg.)
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zĕnme V yĕ PVC (neg.) However hard one has tried... one can't...

说不上 OR 算不上
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shuōbushàng OR suàn bushàng It can't be said that

无论 OR 不管
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wúlùn OR bùguăn No matter/Regardless of

先...再说
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xiā... zàishuō Let's do... first

非...不可
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fēi... bùkĕ Absolutely must

非...才...
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fēi... cái... Will not... unless...

făn zhèng In any case

从来(不)
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cónglái (bù) Always (Never)

从来没 V 过
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cóngláiméi V guò Never have (done)

zàiyĕbù Will not... ever again

zàiyĕméi Have not... ever again

kāiwánxiào You must be joking/Make a joke

别开玩笑了
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bié kāiwánxiào le Don't make me laugh!

跟...开玩笑
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gēn... kāiwánxiào To pull someone's leg/To make fun of someone

V zhewán To do something just for fun/To do something casually

并不/没
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bìng bu/méi Not at all

决不/没
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jué bu/méi Absolutely not/Definitely not

găo To do/To make/To be engaged in/To set up/To get hold of

nòng To do/To make/To get hold of/To fiddle with

nào To stir up trouble/To suffer from/To cause noisy disturbance

好 OR 挺
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hăo OR tĭng Very/Extremely

没 V 几 MW 就...
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méi V jĭ MW jiù... No sooner... then...

有两手 OR 有两下子
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yŏuliăngshŏu OR yŏuliăngxiàzi Skilful/To know one's stuff

fèi To spend/To waste

使/让/叫
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shĭ/ràng/jiào To cause/To make (someone do something)

tú To look for/To seek/To pursue

图的是 OR 为的是
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tú de shì OR wèi de shì For the sake of

可不是吗/可不
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kĕ bú shì ma/kĕ bú You can say that again/Yes indeed

更不用说...了 OR 更谈不上...了 OR 何况
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gèng búyòng shuō... le OR gèng tán bú shàng... le OR hé kuàng Let alone/Not to mention

不 A 不 B
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bù A bù B Neither A nor B

还不如...呢
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hái bù rú... ne It would be better.../You might as well

A 不如 B
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A bù rú B "A" is not as... as "B"

未免(也)
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wèimiăn (yĕ) Rather (quite)/Inevitably

不至于...(吧)OR 不见得...(吧)
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bú zhì yu... (ba) OR bú jiàn de... (ba) Unlikely/Surely not

多少有些 SV OR 多少有点 SV
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duō shao yŏu xiē SV OR duō shao yŏu diăn SV To some extent/To a degree

多少 V 一点
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duō shao V yì diăn (Verb) a little

多少 V 几 MW
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duō shao V jĭ MW (Verb) a little

bái For nothing/In vain

făn ér On the contrary/But/Instead

SV 不到哪儿去
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SV bú dào năr qù Can't be said that/Probably won't (based on what people say)

甚至(于)
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shènzhi (yú) So far as to/Even

cái... ne (Emphasis in negation)/(Throwing criticism back at someone)

难道...吗?
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nándào... ma? Surely (not)...

不是...就是...
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búshi... jiùshi If not... must be.../Either... or...

yóu yú As a result of/Because of

自从...以来
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zì cóng... yĭlái Since

近些 TW 来... OR 这几...来...
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jìn xiē TW lái... OR zhè jĭ... lái... In the last few

zài... shàng As far as... is concerned

zài... zhòng During/Among

zài... xià Under...

看上去 OR 看(起)来
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kànshàngqù OR kàn (qĭ) lái To look/To seem

按照 OR 根据
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àn zhào OR gēn jù According to

jù shuō It is said

jù xī It is reported

píng Based on/To go by (basis)/To rely on/No matter (what, how, etc)

guān yú About/Concerning/With regard to

yŏuguān About/Concerning/With regard to

lín... Just before (something happens)

miàn lín To face

lín shín Temporary

不...就不...
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bù... jiùbù... So what?

别提...了/别提了
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bié tí... le/bié tí le Don't mention/Incredible

duìbuqĭ Sorry

kànbuqĭ To look down on

zuòbuqĭ To be unable to afford

liăobuqĭ Amazing

niàn bùqĭ To keep on reading

măideqĭ To be able to afford

dàbuliăo If the worst comes to worst/Serious

kàndeqĭ To take somebody seriously

jĭ hu Almost

chàbuduō Almost

差不多了
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chàbuduō le Almost there/Nearly done

差点儿(没)
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chàdiănr (méi) Nearly

难怪 OR 怪不得
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nánguài OR guàibu dé No wonder

(S)V 是 (S)V, 可是
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(S)V shì (S)V, kĕshì Yes, but on the other hand

好(不)容易才
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hăo (bù) róngyì cái With great difficulty

VV kàn Try (to do something)

V bùlái Not able to

亏... V 得出来
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kuī... V de chūlái How could (someone) do that

终于(最后)
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zhōngyú (zuìhòu) Finally/In the end

bèi (Indicates direction or result of actions that the subject has received or is going to receive)

yóu By (someone)

是(由)...的
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shì (yóu)... de By (someone)

suŏyŏu de All/Every

rènhé Any/Every

fánshì Every/Any/All

V xiàn V something on the spot

xiàn chéng Ready made

xiăng qĭlái To remember

jiànbude Dubious

fùdeqĭ To afford

bùjiànde Not necessarily/Not likely

láidejí To be able to do something in time

chībulái To dislike (food)

hédelái To get along well

tīngshàngqu To seem

zuòdelái To be able to do

liăobude Extremely/Awfully

一边...一边...
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yìbiān... yìbiān... (Indicates something being done simultaneously)

越...越...
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yuè... yuè... The more... the more.../The less... the less.../The more... the less.../The less... the more...

yuè lái yuè Increasingly/To get better or worse

...和/跟...联系
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... hé/gēn liánxi To get in touch with/To contact

连...都/也
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lián... dōu/yĕ Even

不但...而且...
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búdàn...érqiĕ Not only... but also

既...又...
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jì... yòu Both... and/As well as

尽管...(可是)还是...
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jìn guăn...(kĕshì) háishì... In spite of/Though/Even though

即使...也...
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jí shĭ... yĕ... Even if/Even though

除了...(以外)
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chúle...(yĭwài) Apart from

既然...(那么)就...
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jì rán...(nàme) jiù Now that/Since/As

临时抱佛脚
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lín shín bào fó jiăo To look for help at the last moment/To do something at the last moment

逛(逛)
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guàng To enjoy oneself/To go sightseeing

转(转)
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zhuàn To enjoy oneself/To go sightseeing


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