9.1 -ing form and infinitive

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Question English
Answer English

He remembered to turn off the lights.
remember
start learning
for things you plan, want or have responsibility to do
+infinitive with to

I'll never forget visiting Paris.
forget
start learning
have a memory of an earlier action
+ - ing form

Angus tried to change his ticket but it was impossible.
try
start learning
attempt to do something difficult
+infinitive with to

Try clicking an OK in the box.
try
start learning
experiment to see if something will work
+ -ing form

We stopped to have some lunch.
stop
start learning
stop one action in order to do another (infinitive of purpose)
+infinitive with to

My father stopped driving when he was eighty.
stop
start learning
finish an action or activity
+ -ing form

She started by defining obesity and went on to talk about its causes.
go on
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for a change of activity
+infinitive with to

Joe went on working although he wasn't well.
go on
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continue
+ -ing form

BA regrets to announce a delay of flight BA5276.
regret
start learning
be sorry about something you are about to say
+infinitive with to

We regretted going to the party. It was awful.
regret
start learning
be sorry about something you did before
+-ing form

I hate writing/to write by hand. I much prefer using/to use a computer.
start learning
Verbs followed by the -ing form or infinitive with to with no difference in meaning
These include: like, love, hate, prefer, can't stand, can't bear, start, begin

I like to go to the dentist twice a year. I hate to interrupt, but we have to go.
start learning
In American English, the infinitive with to is often preferred. In British English, this is often used to talk about choices and habits.

I prefer not to write by hand.
start learning
If the verb after prefer is in the negative, use the infinitive with to.

They're beginning to annoy me.
start learning
When we use the verbs begin, continue and start in continuous forms we usually use the infinitive with to.

remember doing
start learning
have a memory of something
I remember thinking the building was quiet.

remember to do
start learning
do something that is one's responsibility
I remember to set the alarm before I left.

forget doing
start learning
not have a memory of something
I'll never forget seeing Adele in concert.

forget to do
start learning
no to do something that is one's responsability
I forgot to buy tickets for the Adele concert.

stop doing
start learning
finish an action
Then he stopped driving as he still felt tired.

stop to do
start learning
finish an action in order to do something else
Henri stopped to drink some coffee.

go on doing
start learning
continue an action
Billy went on practising every day even when he was famous.

go on to do
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do something after
After lengthy training, Billy went on to become a famous dancer.

experiment with an activity
He tried going through the alphabet to remember it.

make an effort to do something difficult
He tried to recall her name, but couldn't.

regret doing
start learning
be sorry about something you did in the past
And I regret spending so much on the ticket!

regret to do
start learning
be sorry about something you are about to do
We regret to inform you that the concert has been cancelled.

I tried drinking the medicine
but it didn't help
start learning
I tried drinking the medicine but it didn't help.
experiment with an activity

I tried to drink the medicine
but I couldn't - it was too disgusting.
start learning
I tried to drink the medicine but I couldn't - it was too disgusting.
make an effort to do something difficult

He stopped to smoke
a cigarette before continuing.
start learning
He stopped to smoke a cigarette before continuing.
finish an action in order to do something else

He stopped smoking
because he wanted to get fitter.
start learning
He stopped smoking because he wanted to get fitter.
finish an action; healthy and strong, especially because you exercise regularly OPP unfit

Julia remembers to text me
whenever she needs a lift from the station.
start learning
Julia remembers to text me whenever she needs a lift from the station.
do something that is one's responsibility

Julia remembers texting me
but I didn't get any messages from her.
start learning
Julia remembers texting me but I didn't get any messages from her.
have a memory of something

Xavier went on to perform
in all of the best opera houses in the world.
start learning
Xavier went on to perform in all of the best opera houses in the world.
do something after

Xavier went on performing
even though audiences became smaller and smaller.
start learning
Xavier went on performing even though audiences became smaller and smaller.
continue an action

We regret saying
that the Games would be a failure.
start learning
We regret saying that the Games would be a failure.
be sorry about something you did in the past

We regret to say
that the car won't be ready till Monday.
start learning
We regret to say that the car won't be ready till Monday.
be sorry about something you are about to do


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