8.2 LANGUAGE BANK: -ing form and infinitive

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Question English
Answer English

We hope to start the meeting at 9.
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Use an infinitive + to: after these verbs: afford, agree, arrange, decide, expect, hope, intend, learn, manage, need, offer, plan, pretend, promise, refuse, seem, tend, threaten, want

They promise to be here early.
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Use an infinitive + to: after these verbs: afford, agree, arrange, decide, expect, hope, intend, learn, manage, need, offer, plan, pretend, promise, refuse, seem, tend, threaten, want

Will wants me to go to the party with him.
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Use an infinitive + to: after these verbs withan object: ask, advise, expect, help, invite, persuade, remind, require, teach, want
help can be used either with or without to. Can you help me (to) lift this?

She was lucky to get the job.
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Use an infinitive + to: after semi-fixed phrases: be good, lucky, happy, necessary, the first, have the chance, opportunity, time,

There's nowhere to go and nothing to do.
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Use an infinitive + to: after semi-fixed phrases: somewhere, something, nowhere, nothing

I'm going there to see Tom.
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Use an infinitive + to: to express purpose

Doing is better than thinking.
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Use an -ing form as a subject or object, i.e. as a noun.

I'm not used to getting up early. I'm looking forward to sleeping late this weekend.
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Use an -ing form after prepositions (often part of a fixed phrase): look forward to, be used to, be accustomed to, be keen on, instead of

Dave came fishing with me.
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Use an -ing form after these verbs: avoid, come, consider, discuss, deny, enjoy, go, hate, involve, keep, like, love, mind, miss, practise, suggest

I keep getting headaches.
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Use an -ing form after these verbs: avoid, come, consider, discuss, deny, enjoy, go, hate, involve, keep, like, love, mind, miss, practise, suggest

What do you suggest doing?
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Use an -ing form after these verbs: avoid, come, consider, discuss, deny, enjoy, go, hate, involve, keep, like, love, mind, miss, practise, suggest

We're having trouble finding a hotel.
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Use an -ing form after certain phrases: can't bear, stand, it's not worth, it's no use, have trouble

They might be late.
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Use an infinitive after modal verbs

You'd better take an umbrella - it looks like rain.
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Use an infinitive after had better, would rather

Our supervisor let us go early today.
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Use an infinitive after these verbs with an object: let, make help
help can be used either with or without to. Can you help me (to) lift this?


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