1.2 WHAT ARE YOU LIKE: PERSONALITY; IDIOMS FOR PEOPLE

 0    83 flashcards    josehbaltazar
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Question English
Answer English

a word to describe someone who notices things quickly and understands people's feelings.
The perceptive person is one who can read the non-verbal sentences and accurately match them against the person's verbal sentences.
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perceptive
perspicaz

a word to describe someone who has an unreasonable dislike of a thing or a group of people.
I thought diversity was supposed to be a good thing... Yellow snow is also snow.
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prejudiced
preconceituoso

a word to describe someone who is not interested or willing to make the effort to do anything.
The apple was apathetic to the pathetic pear. Apathetic: not caring; uninterested
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apathetic
apático

a word to describe someone who is determined not to change their ideas, behaviour or opinions.
Obstinate: difficult to move or persuade
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obstinate
obstinado

a word to describe someone who deliberately disobeys people in authority or rules of behaviour.
I think you can be defiant and rebellious and still be strong and positive. Madonna
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rebellious
rebelde

a word to describe someone who spends a lot of time alone because they like being alone.
We are all sentenced to solitary confinement inside our own skins for life. Tennessee Williams
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solitary
solitário

a word to describe someone who is unreasonably anxious or afraid.
Neurotics are torn by inner conflicts... Every neurotic... is at war with himself. Karen Horney.
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neurotic
neurótico

a word to describe someone who is willing to consider or accept other people's ideas or opinions.
New ideas
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open-minded
mente aberta, liberal

a word to describe someone who does things which encourage other people to have ideas.
When it rains, look for rainbows. When it's dark look for stars.
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inspirational
inspirador

a word to describe someone who tries to do too much
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over-ambitious
demasiado ambicioso

a word to describe someone who works hard
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conscientious
consciencioso, responsável

a word to describe someone who doesn't notice or think about other people's feelings
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insensitive
insensível, inapropriado

a word to describe someone who behaves in a sensible, adult way
Word Choice: sensible or sensitive? sensato ou sensível, suscetível, delicado
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mature
If someone is sensible, they behave in a way that seems reasonable and practical; If someone is sensitive, they are able to understand other people’s feelings and problems

a word to describe someone who is curious to know more
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inquisitive
inquisitivo, curioso

opposite of considerate
What's the opposite of considerate? inconsiderate, thoughtless, heedless, careless, uncaring, selfish, incautious, inattentive, indiscreet, rash
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selfish
egoísta

opposite of circumspect
What's the opposite of circumspect?
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impetuous
impetuoso

opposite of conservative
conservador, convencional
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liberal
liberal, generoso

opposite of temperamental
temperamental, instável, imprevisível
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easy-going
fácil, descontraído, tranquilo

opposite of gregarious
gregário
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introverted
introvertido

She expects everyone to help her, but she never does anything for anyone else!
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selfish

My boss is happy one minute and screaming the next.
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temperamental

The manager doesn't like new ideas; he wants to do everything the old way.
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conservative

That child talks to few people; he prefers to sit quietly and read or just think.
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introverted

That girl is so relaxed that she never seems to worry about anything.
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easy-going

She's very cautious; she thinks very carefully before she decides to do something.
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circumspect

She's tolerant and she wants her employees to be free to do what they want.
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liberal

That man makes too many instant decisions without thinking about the consequences.
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impetuous

When he sees me, he always brings a gift and asks about my family.
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considerate

She loves socialising; she goes to parties every night.
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gregarious

He's a bit of a yes-man. He agrees with anything the boss says.
yes-man
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someone who always agrees with and obeys his/her employer, leader, wife, etc.
pau-mandado; engraxador; a voz do dono

The new engineer knows what he's doing. He's a real whizzkid.
whizzkid
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a young person who is very skilled or sucessful at something
génio, menino-prodígio

She knows everything about everyone. She's the office busybody
busybody
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someone who is too interested in other people's private activities
intrometido, metediço

There is never a quiet moment with Kate. She's a real chatterbox.
chatterbox
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someone (especially a child) who talks too much
tagarela

It was very annoying of him. Sometimes Joe could be a real pain in the neck.
pain in the neck
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someone who or something which is very annoying
estupor, chato como a potassa

She is a dark horse. I didn't know she was rich.
dark horse
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someone who doesn't tell others very much about himself/herself, but has surprising qualities or abilities.

He's had plenty of experience. He's an old hand at the job.
old hand
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someone who has a lot of experience at something
veterano

My grandmother has the same routine every day. She's very set in her ways.
set in her ways
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someone who is unlikely to change his/her habits or opinions
opiniões fixas, acomodada, apegada aos seus hábitos

Jack is a rebel. He's the black sheep of the family.
black sheep
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someone who is regarded by other members of his/her family group as not fitting in or an embarrassment
ovelha negra

I'm glad we've invited Sinead. She's always the life and soul of the party.
life and soul of the party
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someone who enjoys social occasions and is fun to be with
o rei da festa, a rainha da festa

You have suggested a new way of working, but your colleague is reluctant to change the way he does things.
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He is very set in his ways

You feel sure that you can trust the person you have asked to do this particular task because he has done it many times before.
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He's an old hand

Your friend loves talking.
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He's/she's a chatterbox

You discover that your colleague is the lead singer in a successful band. She has never mentioned it.
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She's a dark horse

You have to complete your accounts by tomorrow. You hate doing it.
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It's a pain in the neck

Your young nephew shows you how to play a new computer game. He has already applied to work as a games developer.
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He's a whizzkid

Your postman is always asking questions about your private life.
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He's a busybody

You always invite your sister when you're having a party, because she makes people laugh.
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She's the life and soul of the party

She has a lot of power. In that organisation she's a...
an important, influential person
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She has a lot of power. In that organisation she's a big cheese
manda-chuva; DDT (dono disto tudo)

He must be the laziest person I've met. He's a total...
a person who lives a sedentary lifestyle, never doing any exercise
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He must be the laziest person I've met. He's a total couch potato.

She sometimes gets out of control. She's a bit of a...
an unpredictable person who may cause damage if he/she is not controlled
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She sometimes gets out of control. She's a bit of a loose canon
pavio curto

He ruined the company's reputation. He was a...
one bad person who has a bad effect on all others in the group
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He ruined the company's reputation. He was a rotten apple.
maçã podre

She broke her arm and still refused to give up. She's a...
someone who is strong enough to deal with difficult or violent situations
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She broke her arm and still refused to give up. She's a tough cookie.
duro de roer

He complains whenever we try to have fun. He's a bit of a...
a negative person who ruins other people's good times
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He complains whenever we try to have fun. He's a bit of a wet blanket.
desmancha-prazeres

What does the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator do?
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It is a test of your personality.

Who uses it?
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Anybody can use it, but it is widely used by companies for their workers.

According to the programme, what causes a lot of stress at work?
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The people we work with

What kinds of people does the MBTI test?
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all kinds of people, often office workers

What kinds of questions does the interviewer ask Mariella?
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The interviewer asks questions about Mariella's lifestyle, what she does at the end of the day, whether she can put together flat-pack furniture, how she would react in certain situations and how she does her shopping

What do the following expressions from the programme mean: sweeping-generalisers
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people who make statements that are too general and do not consider all the facts

What do the following expressions from the programme mean: detail-obsessed nit-pickers
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people who argue about small, unimportant details

What do the following expressions from the programme mean: obsessive planners
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people who worry excessively about plans

What do the following expressions from the programme mean: last-minute deadline junkies
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people who leave doing their work until the last minute before it needs to be finished

What do the following expressions from the programme mean: recharge your batteries
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regain your energy/strength

What do the following expressions from the programme mean: flat-pack furniture
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furniture that you can buy in warehouses which you unpack and assemble yourself at home

Choose the option
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which best describes Mariella's answers

How do you like to recharge your batteries at the end of the day?
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She stays at home and reads a book.

If you have ever had the opportunity to put together any flat-pack furniture, how did you go about it?
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She tends to lose the instructions and the parts.

If you imagine that a friend of yours gives you a call and says, "I've just been burgled.", what would you do? What would your reaction be?
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First, she would be concerned about the practicalities, then she would ask about feelings.

How do you go about doing the food shopping?
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She buys most of her food on the internet, but she doesn't use a list so she forgets things.

introvert
enjoys spending time alone. Tend to think first, act later.
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someone who is quiet and shy, and does not enjoy being with other people OPP extrovert

extrovert
finds being with others relaxing. tends to act first, think later
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someone who is confident and likes being with people OPP introvert

intuition
likes to change things and find their own solutions to problems. looks to the future and tends towards idealism
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the feeling that you know something is correct or true, although you do not know why

sensing
uses the practical information around them to solve problems. enjoys the present and tends towards realism.
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to feel or know something without being told

thinker
makes decisions using objectivity and logic.
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a person who has a well-developed faculty for thinking

feeler
decides by listening to their own and other's feelings
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a person or thing that feels.

judging
approaches life in a structured way, making plans and organising things
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They are self-disciplined and decisive, and seek closure in decisions. When they ask for things they are specific and expect others to do as they say. They enjoy being experts.

perceiving
finds structure limiting, likes to keep their options open and go with the flows
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They are generally curious and like to expand their knowledge, which they will freely acknowledge as being incomplete. They are tolerant of other people's differences and will adapt to fit into whatever the situation requires.

We're (?) enough to disagree but still respect each other.
m(?)
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We're mature enough to disagree but still respect each other.

You're right. I hadn't noticed. That's very (?) of you.
pe(?)
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You're right. I hadn't noticed. That's very perceptive of you.

He was a very (?) man. He refused to do what I asked.
o(?)
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He was a very obstinate man. He refused to do what I asked.

She is a (?) teacher. She prepares her lessons carefully.
c(?)
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She is a conscientious teacher. She prepares her lessons carefully.

It's important to remain (?)-(?) and consider all options.
o(?)-m(?)
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It's important to remain open-minded and consider all options.

I'd have asked more questions, but I didn't want to seem too (?).
i(?)
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I'd have asked more questions, but I didn't want to seem too inquisitive.


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