Untranslatable - Intraduisible

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Question
Answer

definite article for masculine nouns in singular
the sun
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le
le soleil

definite article for feminine nouns in singular
the table
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la
la table

indefinite article for masculine nouns in singular
a cat
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un
un chat

indefinite article for feminine nouns in singular
a flower
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une
une fleur

indefinite article for nouns in plural
(some) books
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des
des livres

definite article for nouns in plural
the books
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les
les livres

definite article before nouns starting with a vowel or - in some cases - "h"
school
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l'
la + école
l'école

pronoun "I" before a verb starting with a vowel
I have a cat.
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j'
je + ai (I + have)
J'ai un chat.

preposition "de" (of, from) before words starting with a vowel
Where are you from?
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d'
de + où (from + where)
Tu viens d'où?

pronoun "ce" (this) before verbs starting with a vowel
This is my wife, Juliette.
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c'
ce + est (this + is)
C'est mon épouse, Juliette.

pronoun "me" (me) before words starting with a vowel
Can you help me?
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m'
m'aider = me + aider (help)
Est-ce que tu peux m'aider?

pronoun "te" ("you" as an object) before words starting with a vowel
I was at a pub yesterday and I didn't see you.
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t'
t'ai = te + ai ("have" in 1st person singular as an auxiliary verb)
J'ai été au pub hier et je ne t'ai pas vu.

reflexive pronoun "se" before a pronominal verb starting with a vowel
What time does the bank open?
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s'
s'ouvrir = se + ouvrir (open) = to open (itself)
À quelle heure le banc s'ouvre-t-il?

"what" in questions
What are you doing?
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qu'est-ce que...
Qu'est-ce que tu fais?

expression introducing a question
Do you speak English?
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est-ce que...
Est-ce que tu parles anglais?

negation
I don't like their parents.
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ne... pas
n'aime pas = ne + aime (like) + pas
Je n'aime pas leurs parents.


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