Untranslatable - De onvertalbare dingen

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Question
Answer

indefinite article for masculine and feminine nouns in singular
a problem
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een
een probleem

definite article for masculine and feminine nouns in singular and for all nouns in plural
the telephone
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de
de telefoon

definite article for neuter nouns in singular
the answer
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het
het antwoord

form of an adjective when followed by a masculine or a feminine noun
a good question
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adjective + "-e"
goed + e
een goede vraag

form of an adjective when followed by a noun in plural
interesting films
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adjective + "-e"
interessant + e
interessante films

form of an adjective when followed by a neuter noun AND preceded by a definite article "het"
the big house
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adjective + "-e"
groot + e = grote
het grote huis

negation (1)
I have no money.
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geen
negating indefinite or uncountable nouns only
Ik heb geen geld.

negation (2)
I don't know.
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niet
negating verbs, definite nouns etc. or a sentence as a whole
Ik weet het niet.

a particle that makes a sentence sound more polite, friendlier
Can you help me?
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even
Kan je me even helpen?

abbreviated form of "des", an old-fashioned word which means "in the"
s avonds
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s
in the evening


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