lesson 6 PRESENT CONTINUOUS

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Question English
Answer English

Present Continuous
I'm freezing. I'm freezing to death! I'm pissing myself!
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SUBJECT + SIMPLE PRESENT TO BE + PRESENT PARTICIPLE (verb + ing)
I'm freezing. We are celebrating the Chinese new year. This is the year of the snake.

Present Continuous Question
Are you freezing?
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SIMPLE PRESENT TO BE + SUBJECT + PRESENT PARTICIPLE (verb + ing)
Are you freezing?

Present Continuous Negative
I'm not freezing...
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SUBJECT + SIMPLE PRESENT TO BE + NOT + PRESENT PARTICIPLE (verb + ing)
I'm not freezing...

Simple Present vs. Present Continuous
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Use the simple present; use the present continuous

USE THE SIMPLE PRESENT
She calls me every day,... I'm a vegan. I eat vegetables.
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fro actions that happen regularly or things that do not often change, like opinions.
She calls me every day,... I'm a vegan. I eat vegetables.

USE THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS
They are having an affair. The teenager is trying to walk.
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for temporary actions happening now or definite plans for the future.
They are having an affair. The teenager is trying to walk.

She calls me every day,
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but today she is not calling me.

I'm a vegan. I eat vegetables.
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I'm making an exception.

Past Continuous
I was telling... I was telling the truth when I said I was afraid of open spaces. I know.
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SUBJECT + SIMPLE PAST TO BE + PRESENT PARTICIPLE (VERB+ING)
I was telling... I was telling the truth when I said I was afraid of open spaces. I know.

Past Continuous Question
Was I telling...?
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SIMPLE PAST TO BE + SUBJECT + PRESENT PARTICIPLE (VERB+ING)

Past Continuous Negative
I was not telling...
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SUBJECT + SIMPLE PAST TO BE + NOT + PRESENT PARTICIPLE (VERB+ING)
I was not telling...

Simple Past vs. Past Continuous
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Use the Simple Past; Use the Present Continuous

USE THE SIMPLE PAST
a long squirmy thing appeared from inside after I took a bite.
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for finished actions in the past.
a long squirmy thing appeared from inside after I took a bite.

USE THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS
Yesterday, when I was eating one, It was yummy.
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for actions in progress at a specific moment in the past.
Yesterday, when I was eating one, It was yummy.

I like apples. Sometimes they come with a prize.
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Yesterday, when I was eating one, a long squirmy thing appeared from inside after I took a bite. It was yummy.
squirm: to twist your body from side to side because you are uncomfortable or nervous


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