(© Pearson 2016 SOUI2) UNIT 1. NEW THINGS (WORDLIST)

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Question English
Answer English

I'm not short, I'm just more down to earth than most people. with no illusions or pretensions; practical and realistic.
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practical and direct in a sensible honest way
Fran's a friendly, down-to-earth person.

computer geek
computer expert
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a person who is socially awkward and unpopular: a usually intelligent ... or expert especially in a technological field or activity
He is a real computer geek. He knows how to write code and loves playing computer games.

people person
I'm a big people person, you know. | Yeah, I getcha. I'm a men man, which is similar.
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someone who likes being with other people
Jo is not a people person so she prefers staying at home.

keep yourself to yourself
The key is keeping yourself to yourself. Keep your mystery. Don't give them too much information so they can't define you.
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to stay at home by yourself or with your family instead of going out to meet other people
He is a quiet person who keeps himself to himself.

good laugh
A good laugh and a long sleep are the two best cures for everything.
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someone who is a fun person
Kelly is a good laugh, she always tells new jokes.

morning person
I could be a morning person if morning happened to be around noon.
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someone who is more productive in the morning
I'm not a morning person - that's why I usually start work at 10a.m.

How To Be Witty | Intelligent | Clever | Fast Thinking | Amusing
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funny and clever
Geoff is always popular at dinner parties because he's so witty.

Over-planning kills magic.
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something that is spontaneous happens without being planned
I am a little last-minute and don't organise things in advance. People say I'm always spontaneous.

To be cautious is often to show wisdom.
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careful to avoid problems or danger
Becky's become a very cautious driver since her accident.

Eccentricity is regarded as a mental condition by psychologists; this is because eccentric behaviour does not conform to the general pattern.
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strange or unusual
Aunt Jules was always a bit eccentric.

Genuine people: they admire others and often praise others. Fake people: they criticize others to make themselves look great.
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if something is genuine, it really is what it seems to be
If those are genuine diamonds, they'll be worth a fortune!

(of a person) given to unpredictable changes of mood, especially sudden bouts of gloominess or sullenness.
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often becoming angry or unhappy
Were you a moody teenager?

Innocence personified, being naive in such a world can be quite a burden.
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not having much experience of how complicated life is, so that you trust people too much and believe that good things will always happen
Jim can be so naive sometimes.

deserving of trust or confidence; dependable; reliable
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if someone is trustworthy, you can trust them completely
James is my most loyal and trustworthy friend.

capable of being bent, usually without breaking; easily bent; susceptible of modification or adaptation; adaptable
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able to change easily
Teachers have to be flexible.

How to be more outgoing and social
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someone who is outgoing enjoys meeting and talking to people
I'm not really that outgoing. I prefer to stay at home with a good book.

Empathetic and sympathetic are similar words, but they’re not the same. While being empathetic means putting yourself easily and completely in another person’s shoes, being sympathetic means showing concern for someone when something bad happens to them.
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showing that you understand and care about someone’s problems
You should talk to Kerry - she's very sympathetic.

Unkind, spiteful, or unfair. A mean little girl pulling on her older sister's hair
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cruel and not kind
Don’t be so mean to your sister.

put pressure on
Parents put too much pressure on their kids
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to make attempts to make someone do something by threatening them or making them believe that they should do it
Her family are putting pressure on her to get a job.

be scared out of your wits
To frighten someone to such an extent that they behave irrationally.
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to be very frightened
I was scared out of my wits when I first went on a plane on my own.

make your stomach turn
shrapnel and grass: “Daube de joue de bœuf braisée”
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to make you feel ill
The smell made my stomach turn. It was awful.

throw up
if you throw up or throw something up, food and drink comes back up from your stomach and out of your mouth
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to make food come out of your mouth from your stomach because you are ill.
Ugh, this is disgusting! I think I'm going to throw up!

“I continue to be fascinated by the fact that feelings are not just the shady side of reason but that they help us to reach decisions as well.”
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extremely interested
I am fascinated by space travel.

be over the moon
The idiom 'to be over the moon' means 'to be delighted' or 'to be very happy'.
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to be very happy
She's over the moon about her new job. 'When I won the lottery, I was over the moon!'.

shake like a leaf
If you are shaking like a leaf, you are shaking a lot especially when you are very cold, nervous or frightened.
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to shake a lot because you are scared, nervous, etc
I shake like a leaf when I think about the exam.

Person | Need | Goal | Obstacle | Frustration
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feeling impatient or angry because you are unable to do what you want
I get really frustrated with my computer sometimes.

Don't be impressed by: money, followers, degrees and titles. Do be impressed by: kindness, integrity, humility and generosity.
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feeling admiration and respect
I was impressed by her singing.

wish the earth would swallow you up
You say that you wish the earth/floor/ground would open (up) if you are so embarrassed that you want suddenly to disappear
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to wish that you could disappear because you are very embarrassed
Everybody was looking at me and I wished the earth would swallow me up.

worried, tense. Why Are You Anxious?
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worried about something
I’m quite anxious about my exams.

When something weird or embarrassing happens, and there's that silence after it. I see that you're awkward. | I'm pretty awkward myself.
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I hope he won’t ask any awkward questions.

If you are relieved, you feel happy because something unpleasant has not happened or is no longer happening.
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happy because you are no longer worried or frightened
I was relieved to be out of hospital and back home.

If you’re satisfied, you’re contented, and you don’t need anything more. You're not overjoyed, but you're not complaining either.
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feeling that something is as good as it should be, or that something has happened in the way that you want
I’m not really satisfied with the way he cut my hair.

feeling intense pleasurable excitement
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very happy, excited and pleased
We were so thrilled to hear about the baby.

Disappointed means discouraged or sad because what you hoped for didn't happen.
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unhappy because something you hoped for did not happen, or was not as good as you expected
When my parents told me Santa didn't exist, I was really disappointed.

Do not be embarrassed by your failures, learn from them and start again.
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if you feel embarrassed, you feel nervous or uncomfortable about what other people think of you
I felt embarrassed about how untidy the house was.

Creative people do not see things merely for what they are; they see them for what they can be.
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a creative person is good at thinking of new ideas
He is one of Japan's most talented and creative film directors.

Worrying is using your imagination to create something you don't want.
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not happy or relaxed because you keep thinking about a particular problem or something bad that might happen
I'm worried about my exam.

The person who knows how to laugh at himself will never cease to be amused.
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smiling or laughing because something is funny
The man looked a little amused.

Sometimes I'm not angry. I'm hurt and there's a big difference.
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feeling or showing anger
He was beginning to get angry.

'I need you to identify the problem. Here's your mirror.'
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to recognize someone or something and say correctly who or what they are
She was unable to identify her attacker. 'I just can't say for certain. They all look the same in those uniforms... All I know it that he said he kicks field goals for a living.'

identification technologies such as: face recognition, fingerprint scanning and voice identification
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something official that shows your name, address, etc, usually with a photograph
You can use a passport as identification.

Recognize the full worth of. Be grateful for (something). Appreciate what you have before it turns into what you had.
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to understand how serious or important a situation or problem is or what someone’s feelings are
He did not fully appreciate the significance of signing the contract.

Well done! | Bravo | Nice work | Great job | Excellent | Awesome | Wonderful
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pleasure you feel when you realise something is good, useful, or well done
She has a fine appreciation of music.

A sign is a clue something happened, or a display that communicates a message, like a stop sign that tells you stop. To sign also means to write your signature.
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a piece of wood, metal, plastic, etc with words or pictures on it to give people information
Follow the signs to Birmingham.

When you sign your name in your own handwriting, that is your signature.
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your name written the way you usually write it, for example at the end of a letter or on a cheque
Remember to put your signature on the contract.

To please someone is to give them pleasure or to make them happy. This is also a word for polite requests like, "Could you please pass the milk?"
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to make someone happy or satisfied
don't ever change yourself to impress someone, cause they should be impressed that you don't change to please | Most children are eager to please.

Pleasure is a general term for good feelings. People get pleasure from eating, sleeping, watching TV, or anything else they enjoy.
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a feeling of happiness, satisfaction, or enjoyment
She sipped her drink with pleasure.

fail to prepare prepare to fail. To prepare means to get ready for something. When you prepare for a test, you'll get a better score than if you don’t.
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to make plans or arrangements for something that will happen soon, or to get yourself ready for it
How do you prepare for an important test or exam?

Preparation is the key. Preparation is the act of preparing — getting ready, planning, training, or studying with a goal in mind.
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the work of preparing something or preparing for something
The England team have begun their preparation for next week's game.

So, now. What Disney character do you prefer? I prefer Minnie Mouse, and you? Prefer means to like better.
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to like or want someone or something more than someone or something else
Would you prefer a hot or a cold drink?

If you have a strong liking for something, you have a preference for it. You might have a preference for apples, but there are some days when you're stuck eating a banana instead.
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when someone likes something more than something else
Which style you choose is just a matter of personal preference.

Tell me and I forget. Teach me and I remember. Involve me and I learn. To involve means to connect.
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if an activity or situation involves something, that thing is a part of it
The job involves a lot of travelling.

Involvement is the act of participating in something. Even if you do nothing but drive the getaway car, you will be held to account for your involvement in a crime.
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taking part in something, or being related to it in some way
Your involvement in the project was impressive so you will receive a bonus.

To donate means to give something — money, goods, or time — to some cause, such as a charity.
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to give something, especially money, to a person or organisation that needs help
Our school donated money to the Red Cross.

Your donation is greatly appreciated. A donation is a gift someone gives to a cause they believe in.
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something, especially money, that you give to help a person or organization
Please make a donation to the hospital fund

To mix is to combine or blend different things together.
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if you mix two or more substances, or if they mix, they combine to become a single substance
Oil and water don't mix.

Mixture | Separated. A mixture is, simply, the product of mixing.
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a liquid or other substance that is made by mixing several substances together, especially in cooking
Pour the mixture into four small dishes

If you refer to something, you consult it. To check your spelling, you refer to a dictionary.
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to mention someone or something
He referred to her several times.

If you are writing a report for school, you are probably relying on a few references, or sources, for information.
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a letter containing information about you that is written by someone who knows you well, and is usually intended for a new employer
If you are interested in the job, please send us your CV and a reference from a previous employer.

It is not necessary to react to everything you notice. When you react to something, you respond to it.
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to behave in a particular way because of what someone has done or said to you, or because of the situation you are in
The audience reacted by shouting and booing.

A reaction is an action taken in response to something.
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something that you feel or do because of what has happened to you or been said to you
What was his reaction to the question?

When something develops, it grows. And if you develop something, you create it.
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if something develops, or if you develop it, it gets bigger or becomes more important
She is fast developing into one of this country's most talented players.

Development is the act of improving by expanding, enlarging, or refining.
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The process of growing, changing, or becoming better
Vitamins are necessary for a child's growth and development.

The verb exist means to live, to have reality. Dodos no longer exist because they were hunted to extinction.
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to happen or to be real or alive
Do ghosts really exist?

Existence is the state of being alive or being real. For example, you and your best friend disagree about the existence of Bigfoot if you think it's real and your friend doesn't.
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when something exists
Do you believe in the existence of ghosts?

Defend has different shades of meaning, but it always has the sense of protecting something — your ideas, for instance
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to protect someone or something from attack
The castle was built to defend the island against invaders.

Defence mechanisms: denial, distortion, delusion. that means the act of protecting or defending.
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the act of protecting something or someone from attack
Wearing garlic around your neck might be your defence against vampires. The immune system is the body's defence against infection.

When people argue, they disagree with each other, sometimes loudly. You don’t always have to yell when you argue, though, sometimes you’re just trying to prove a point.
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to shout and say angry things to someone because you disagree with them
We could hear the neighbours arguing.

An argument is a disagreement between two or more people, but it can also be a statement backed by evidence, like your argument that your school doesn't need a dress code.
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a situation in which people speak angrily to each other because they disagree about something
I had an argument with my mother.

If you've been working hard and living thriftily for months on end, give yourself a treat: take the night off and go out to dinner and a movie.
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to behave towards someone in a particular way
Treat yourself well. She treats me like one of the family.

The golden rule: treat others how you want to be treated. Treatment has to do with how someone or something is managed or handled.
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a particular way of behaving towards someone or of dealing with them
I was unhappy with my treatment at passport control.

Educate against hate. The verb prevent means "to keep something from happening,"
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to stop something from happening, or stop someone from doing something
His back injury prevented him from playing in the match.

Prevention is better than cure
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when someone is stopped from doing something or when something is stopped from happening
The crime prevention in our town is quickly improving.

FAIL: First Attempt In Learning
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to not succeed in achieving something
It looks like the peace talks are failing.

Some failure in life is inevitable. It is impossible to live without failing at something, unless you live so cautiously that you might as well not have lived at all — in which case, you fail by default."
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a lack of success in achieving or doing something. If you experience failure, things have not gone the way you'd hoped.
Successful people often aren’t very good at dealing with failure.

To contribute something is to provide a part of the whole.
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to give money, help, ideas etc to something that other people are also involved in
Everyone was expected to contribute £2.

Both optimists and pessimists contribute to society. The optimist invents the aeroplane, the pessimist the parachute.
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something that you give or do to help make something successful
Einstein’s enormous contribution to science.

Do not let what you cannot do interfere with what you can do.
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to try to become involved in a situation when people do not want you to
I wish he’d stop interfering in my life.

LANGUAGE TRANSFER it is also known as L1 interference, linguistic interference, and cross meaning; learner's trying to apply rules and forms of the first language into the second Language.
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when someone interferes in something
I resented his interference in my work.

Everything is negotiable. Whether or not the negotiation is easy is another thing.
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prices, amounts, etc that are negotiable can be discussed and changed
The salary for the job is negotiable, depending on experience.

Limited means short, small, or restricted by specific rules. limited, restricted, narrow
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not much or not many
My knowledge of sport is limited.

Your first week is now free. Sign up | Enroll | Free trial
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a short period during which you use or do something or employ someone to find out whether they are satisfactory for a particular purpose or job
They let me have the computer for a free trial of ten days.

Time is non-refundable, use it with intention.
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a non-refundable amount of money cannot be paid back to you.
There is a £40 deposit, which is non-refundable.

sign up
engage by written agreement | join a club, an activity, etc. with the intention to join or participate, "Sign up for yoga classes"
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to put your name on a list for something because you want to take part in it
I'm thinking of signing up to yoga classes.

"Let's make a deal," a friend might say to you. That means he wants to make an agreement on something.
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a special offer from a shop, restaurant, etc. with which you can buy something for less than the usual price
There's a two-for-one deal on pizzas at our local Italian restaurant this week.

You are making a deposit when you put money into your bank account.
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a part of the cost of something that you pay before paying the total amount later

fill in
Innovation: Imagine the future and fill in the gaps
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to write all the necessary information on an official document, form etc
Please fill in this form and return it to your doctor.

the act of putting yourself or someone else onto the official list of members of a group, course, or college: The scheme has no interest charges and no enrolment fee.
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the process of arranging to join a school, university, course, etc.
Sorry, the course has limited enrolment and there are no more spaces.

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