6.1 AGE; WORD-BUILDING: PREFIXES

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Question English
Answer English

Match the words/phrases in bold in questions 1-8
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with meanings a)-h).

If someone looks young for their age, is that good?
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in relation to how old they are

When is someone in their prime?
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in the best period of their life

If you tell a twenty-five-year-old person, "Act your age!" what kind of thing might they be doing?
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behave in a more adult way

At what age do people generally come of age in your country: seventeen, eighteen, twenty-one?
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reach the age when legally an adult

Are eighteen-year-olds too immature for university»
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childsh

At what age does a person have the maturity to make a decision about marriage or a career?
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wisdom that comes with age
the ability to use your knowledge and experience of life to make good decisions and give good advice sabedoria; sensatez

At what age is a person elderly?
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"old" (said in a more polite way)

Does age discrimination affect people looking for jobs in your country?
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treating people unfairly based on age

Match meanings 1-7
mediocrity, biased, pens, enterprise, milestones, ever-shifting, peers
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with the words in bold.

a company or business
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enterprise

constantly changing
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ever-shifting

important events in the development of something
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milestones

average quality
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mediocrity

supporting one group in an unfair way
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biased


people who are the same age or have the same job as you
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peers

Add a negative prefix to the words in bold to make them negative.
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Use dis-, -in, il-, im-, ir-, mis- or un-.

You have 1 realistic expectations of life.
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You have unrealistic expectations of life.

Your behaviour is 2a predictable and sometimes 2b logical.
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Your behaviour is unpredictable and sometimes illogical.

You are 3 satisfied with how your life has turned out.
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You are dissatisfied with how your life has turned out.

You aren't very keen on 4 familiar situations.
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You aren't very keen on unfamiliar situations.

You are 5 patient with people who don't understand technology.
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You are impatient with people who don't understand technology.

You think you are 6 mortal.
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You think you are immortal.

You are 7 willing to change your mind about your opinions.
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You are unwilling to change your mind about your opinions.

You 8 behave to get people's attention.
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You misbehave to get people's attention.

You sometimes feel 9a secure in groups and 9b interpret what people say to you.
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You sometimes feel insecure in groups and misinterpret what people say to you.

How much money you have is 10a relevant. You're just happy not to be 10b healthy.
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How much money you have is irrelevant. You're just happy not to be unhealthy.

Are the prefixes stressed or unstressed?
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The prefixes are unstressed.

Answer each pair of questions with words that share the same prefix.
over-, post-, pre-, under-.
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Use the prefixes in the box and the words in bold to help.

What do you call: the generation who were born before the war?
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pre-war

What do you call: the period of history before written records?
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prehistory

What do you call: the generation born after the war?
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post-war

What do you call: a university course taken after you graduate from your initial course?
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postgraduate

What do you call: the time you spent working in your job in addition to your normal working hours?
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overtime

What do you call: people who are forced to work too much or too hard?
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overworked

What do you call: someone who isn't the minimum age to see an X-certificate film*
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underage

What do you call: someone who doesn't have enough qualifications to get a job?
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underqualified

Find a prefix in A which means: very small
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micro

Find a prefix in A which means: very big
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mega

Find a prefix in A which means: many
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multi

Find a prefix in A which means: between
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inter

Find a prefix in A which means: two
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bi

Find a prefix in A which means: across
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trans

Match a prefix in A
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with at least three endings in B.

bilingual, bicycle, bimonthly

multilingual, multinational, multimedia, multitask, multi-storey

microchip, microwave, microphone, microscope

megaphone, megacity, megabyte

translate, transport, transit

international, interval, interview

Complete the sentences
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with the correct form of a word formed from a prefix in A and an ending in B.

I left my car in one of those huge 1 car parks and now I can't find it.
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I left my car in one of those huge multi-storey car parks and now I can't find it.

It's a long opera but there are two 2. We can take a break and have a coffee then.
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It's a long opera but there are two intervals. We can take a break and have a coffee then.

I've never really been to Hong Kong, only in the airport when I was in 3 on my way to Beijing.
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I've never really been to Hong Kong, only in the airport when I was in transit on my way to Beijing.

The crowd was sp noisy. I had to use a 4 to make my voice loud enough.
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The crowd was sp noisy. I had to use a megaphone to make my voice loud enough.

He didn't get the job because he was late for the 5.
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He didn't get the job because he was late for the interview.

No, it's too small. You can only see it under a 6.
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No, it's too small. You can only see it under a microscope.

Our newsletter only goes out 7. It's January now, so the next one is in March.
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Our newsletter only goes out bimonthly. It's January now, so the next one is in March.

People who grow up in a 8 environment end up understanding three or more languages.
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People who grow up in a multilingual environment end up understanding three or more languages.


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