5. 2 TRUTH OR MYTH? TRUTH OR MYTH

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Question English
Answer English

Can you think of any commonly held beliefs that are actually myths?
'Unlearn previously held beliefs and attitudes in order to go forward". held beliefs
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Different parts of your tongue taste different things; humans have five senses
They are both false.

Different parts of your tongue taste different things.
The myth of the tongue map; that 1 tastes bitter, 2 tastes sour, 3 tastes salt, and 4 tastes sweet.
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There are no different sections of your tongue for different tastes.
The tongue map or taste map is a common misconception that different sections of the tongue are exclusively responsible for different basic tastes.

Humans have five senses.
Humans have a multitude of sensors. Sight (vision), hearing (audition), taste (gustation), smell (olfaction), and touch (somatosensation) are the five traditionally recognized senses.
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Balance, acceleration, pain, body and limb position and relative temperature are also human senses.
temperature (thermoception), kinesthetic sense (proprioception), pain (nociception), balance (equilibrioception), vibration (mechanoreception), and various internal stimuli

What is the myth 1?
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The myth is that sugar makes children hyperactive.

What is the myth 2?
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The myth is that you get a cold from getting cold.
Does being cold make you sick?

What is the myth 3?
Is It bad to turn off your computer with the power button?
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The myth is that it damages your computer if you turn it off without shutting it down.
Turn it ... off? I don't understand.

What is the myth 4?
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The myth is that reading in the dark ruins your eyesight.
little girl is reading a book under a blanket with a flashlight in a dark room

Which myths were disproved by experiments?
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Experiments disproved 1, 2 and 3.

What is the truth about the myth 1?
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No studies have shown a link between levels of sugar in a child's diet and energy levels.

What is the truth about the myth 2?
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2 is partially true as getting a cold does make it more likely that you will develop a cold, provided that you already have the cold virus.
Winter illness season people design. Cold and sick, virus and health

What is the truth about the myth 3?
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In 3, although you won't damage your PC, you could lose data if you turn off when things are running.

What is the truth about the myth 4?
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Reading in the dark can make you tired but it won't damage your eyes.
Fact: It will just cause eyestrain, which is annoying, but not permanent.

What is the myth 5?
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The myth is that picking up your food within five seconds means it will be safe to eat.

What is the myth 6?
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The myth is that it's safe to use a hands-free mobile while you're driving.

What is the myth 7?
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The myth is that goldfish have short memories.
according to this book, goldfish have a 3 second memory

What is the myth 8?
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The myth is that owls can turn their heads all the way round.

Which myths (5, 6, 7 and 8) were disproved by experiments?
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Experiments disproved 5, 6 and 7, and science shows that 8 isn't logically possible.

What is the truth about the myth 5?
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Bacteria can survive for weeks on the floor and contaminate food within seconds.
Don't anybody touch that chip yet! 1...2...3...4... Too late.

What is the truth about the myth 6?
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Studies show that using a hands-free mobile is more dangerous than driving after drinking alcohol.

What is the truth about the myth 7?
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A study by a schoolboy showed that goldfish have longer memories.
People say goldfish have a memory of about 3 seconds. Which is about 2 seconds longer than I can remember anyone's name.

What is the truth about the myth 8?
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8 is partially true as owls can turn their heads 270 degrees.
Owls are able to rotate their heads a full 270º. This rotation compensates for their occular immobility.

Which expression means "many people think it's true but it isn't"?
a deceptive, misleading, or false notion, belief, etc.
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a fallacy

Which three expressions mean "people think it's true but there's no scientific evidence"?
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conventional wisdom, a commonly held perception, intuitively true

Which verb means "reveal"?
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uncover

Which two verbs mean "prove something isn't true"?
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debunk, disprove

Which verb means "prove something is true"?
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verify

Add the missing word in each sentence: It is a held perception that no one can survive a plane crash.
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It is a commonly held perception that no one can survive a plane crash.
commonly

Wisdom says you shouldn't swim soon after eating.
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Conventional wisdom says you shouldn't swim soon after eating.
conventional

Scientists in Panama recently disproved myth that sloths are lazy.
Sloths are arboreal mammals noted for slowness of movement and for spending most of their lives hanging upside down in the trees of the tropical rainforests of South America and Central America.
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Scientists in Panama recently disproved the myth that sloths are lazy.
the | Sloths aren’t lazy – their slowness is a survival skill

The myth that you lose most of your body heat through your head has been.
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The myth that you lose most of your body heat through your head has been debunked/disproved.
debunked/disproved

It seems intuitively that long-distance running is bad for your knees, but recent research suggests otherwise.
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It seems intuitively true that long-distance running is bad for your knees, but recent research suggests otherwise.
true

What is the message in Steven Johnson's book?
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The message is that technology is not a negative influence on children and is actually turning them into quick-thinking, multi-tasking 21st-century citizens.

Read the review again and underline multi-words verbs with back, around, away, off, over, down, on, up and out.
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looked back, stood around, Take away, Switch off, thought it over, boils down, carry on, speed up, find out.

Look at some common meanings of particles in multi-word verbs.
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Complete the table with the meanings in the box.

speed up, brighten up, jazz up
up
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increase or improve

go on, carry on, keep on
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continue

pension off, cry off, call off, switch off
off
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remove, cancel or end something

find out, speak out, stand out, call out
out
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be in the open

slow down, narrow down, crack down
down
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decrease or reduce

put away, blow away, take away
away
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removal or disposal

bring back, think back, look back, cast (your mind) back
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return (to the past)

mess around, stand around, hang around
around
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with no direction or aim

mull over, pore over, look over, think over
over
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think or talk about

The government cracked (1) on illegal immigration because the situation couldn't go (1).
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The government cracked down on illegal immigration because the situation couldn't go on.
down, on

I bought some new curtains for my bedroom to jazz it (2).
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I bought some new curtains for my bedroom to jazz it up.
up

We mulled (3) the candidates and narrowed them (3) to a shortlist of three.
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We mulled over the candidates and narrowed them down to a shortlist of three.
over, down

I've thought it (4), and I'm not going to accept the job.
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I've thought it over, and I'm not going to accept the job.
over

I don't think the weather's going to brighten (5) before the match starts. Perhaps we should call it (5).
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I don't think the weather's going to brighten up before the match starts. Perhaps we should call it off.
up, off

(1) to your childhood. Who taught you your most important lessons?
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Cast your mind back to your childhood. Who taught you your most important lessons?
Cast your mind back

How do you (2) if a journalist or other writer is telling the truth?
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How do you find out if a journalist or other writer is telling the truth?
find out

When faced with many possible truths, how can we (3) our options to one?
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When faced with many possible truths, how can we narrow down our options to one?
narrow down

Is it always useful to (4) difficult issues with other people?
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Is it always useful to mull over difficult issues with other people?
mull over

If you have a problem with your husband, you should talk it (1).
on back over away around off up down
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If you have a problem with your husband, you should talk it over.
We can use "discuss it" instead of "talk it over".

Things are looking (2): sales have improved and we've got some excellent new products.
on back over away around off up down
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Things are looking up: sales have improved and we've got some excellent new products.

Even though he was exhausted, he soldiered (3) and reached the top of the hill.
on back over away around off up down
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Even though he was exhausted, he soldiered on and reached the top of the hill.

They killed (4) my proposal because it was too expensive.
on back over away around off up down
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They killed off my proposal because it was too expensive.

Those children are too excited - they need to calm (5).
on back over away around off up down
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Those children are too excited - they need to calm down.

Please tidy (6) your stuff - it's all over the floor!
on back over away around off up down
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Please tidy away your stuff - it's all over the floor!

She was well behaved for a few days but now she's slipped (7) to her old ways.
on back over away around off up down
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She was well behaved for a few days but now she's slipped back to her old ways.

Those boys are always lounging (8) doing nothing!
on back over away around off up down
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Those boys are always lounging around doing nothing!

Find and underline the incorrect word in each sentence.
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Then put the underlined words in the correct sentences.

*Perception wisdom says you have to know grammar rules to learn a language.
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Conventional wisdom says you have to know grammar rules to learn a language.

*People think it's possible to learn a language in a few weeks. This myth needs to be conventional.
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People think it's possible to learn a language in a few weeks. This myth needs to be debunked.

*It's believed that people have a "language gene" but this is difficult to intuitively.
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It's believed that people have a "language gene" but this is difficult to verify.

*The truth has been debunked about translation: sometimes it can be useful to learners!
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The truth has been uncovered about translation: sometimes it can be useful to learners!

*The idea that it's easier to learn foreign languages when you are young is verify truth.
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The idea that it's easier to learn foreign languages when you are young is intuitively truth.

*A commonly held uncovered is that bilingual children get confused learning two languages.
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A commonly held perception is that bilingual children get confused learning two languages.


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