3.2 HOME FROM HOME: -Y ADJECTIVES

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Question English Answer English
Why do you think houses are designed and built like this? What are the advantages?
Look at the photos and discuss the questions.
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Houses are built in accordance with the habitat and the surroundings.
tree houses
They provide protection.
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Tree houses are a refuge from wild animals, mosquitoes and earthbound evil spirits.
Igloos
They also provide comfort.
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Igloos are cosy inside and the packed ice and snow act as an insulator.
cosy: warm and comfortable
Caves
They also provide comfort.
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Caves are cool in the summer and warm in the winter, and give superb protection (they won't blow down in the wind), and they are well made for decoration, e.g. pantings.
Yurts
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Yurts are built so that nomads can move as the seasons and the weather changes.
a refuge from wild animals
Look at the words/expressions. What do they mean and what does the speaker say about them?
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A refuge is a place where you can hide from something. He describes tree houses as a refuge from wild animals.
spirits are earthbound
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Supernatural beings (e.g. angels, demons) live on the earth and cannot fly. He says Indonesians believe in these, so tree houses provide protection.
wooden stilts
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Long poles to support a structure built above land level. He describes houses on stilts.
acts as an insulator
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does not transmit energy. He says the snow and ice of an igloo is an insulator (blocks out cold weather)
so-called primitive dwellings
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very basic places to live. The interviewer asks him how these compare to modern housing.
adorned them with figurines
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decorated them with small figures (usually clay, metal or wood).
nomads in Central Asia
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tribes who have no permanent home, but are constantly travelling. They use yurts.
What does have an awakening mean?
I had a real awakening when I travelled in Africa.
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If you have an awakening, it means you suddenly realise or recognise something important.
What does take your breath away mean? What does it mean when something is breathtaking?
I saw these enormous tree houses... and it just took my breath away.
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If something takes your breath away, you feel amazed because this thing is so remarkable or incredible beautiful. Breathtaking means remarkable, amazing or incredible beautiful.
What does this mean?
These houses are built in accordance with the habitat.
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These houses are built in accordance with the habitat means the houses are built in a certain way because of the land/environment that surrounds them.
In hotter climates, people are forced to take refuge in shady dwellings.
Read the descriptions. Are they from a lecture, an ad, or a piece of fiction? How do you know?
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a lecture. This factual information, expressed in formal language, and it isn't selling anything.
The gloomy room suited her dejected mood. She stared at the dreary, grey carpet and waited.
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a piece of fiction. The extract uses the past tense to describe part of a story and contains thoughts and actions as well as descriptions.
Roomy cottage, spacious, good views, airy kitchen with large windows, sleeps eight.
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an ad: it contains notes rather full sentences and adjectives that focus on positive aspects.
Native peoples would use animal skins to insulate the house from chilly weather in winter.
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a lecture: this is factual information, expressed in formal language, and it isn't selling anything.
He saw the poky interior -tiny, cramped- was adorned only by a cabinet repainted in gaudy colours: bright red, purple and yellow.
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a piece of fiction: this uses many adjectives to create an atmosphere and is told in the past tense, which suggests it is a story.
shady
Are the adjectives underlined positive, negative or neutral?
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neutral - depends on weather you are in a hot or cold country
gloomy; dejected; dreary; grey
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negative; negative; negative; neutral -depends on whether it's describing the colour or the mood.
roomy; spacious; good; airy; large
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positive; positive; positive; positive; positive
native; chilly
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neutral; negative
poky; tiny; cramped; gaudy; red, purple, yellow
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negative; negative; negative; negative; neutral
Photo A
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It's a scenic town with awe-inspiring mountain views.
Photo B
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It's a vast, overpopulated metropolis.
Photo C
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It's a quaint, secluded village far from any big cities.
Photo D
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It's a sprawling, ramshackle slum.
vast
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extremely large
awe-inspiring
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extremely impressive in a way that makes you feel great respect
scenic
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surrounded by views of beautiful countryside
sprawling
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spreading over a wide area in an untidy or unattractive way
quaint
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unusual and attractive, especially in an old-fashioned way
ramshackle
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in bad condition and in need of repair
secluded
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very private and quiet
overpopulated
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there are too many people in a place
The Pear Tree is a (g?) dark bar. It's quite (p?) with uncomfortable wooden chairs, but it has live music every night.
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The Pear Tree is a gloomy dark bar. It's quite poky with uncomfortable wooden chairs, but it has live music every night.
Jackie Brown's is a large café with a (r?) interior. Set in a picturesque part of the city, it is very (a?), with huge windows that look out onto a big park.
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Jackie Brown's is a large café with a roomy interior. Set in a picturesque part of the city, it is very airy, with huge windows that look out onto a big park.
Bangles II is a bright, loud hangout. It has a (g?). multicoloured decor and a DJ who plays hip hop. It gets (c?) in winter.
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Bangles II is a bright, loud hangout. It has a gaudy, multicoloured decor and a DJ who plays hip hop. It gets chilly in winter.

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