1 Performing arts

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Question English
Answer English

The quality of lacking pity or compassion for others: the real-world ruthlessness of business.
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the quality of being determined and firm when making unpleasant decisions
He showed great ruthlessness in dealing with his enemies. (crueldade)

Don’t settle for mediocrity; never let good enough be good enough. the quality or state of being mediocre.
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the state of not being very good
I was disappointed by the mediocrity of the food at the hotel. (mediocridade)

commercially viable
But is it commercially viable?
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if a business, project etc is commercially viable, it will make a profit
Rising costs mean the project is no longer commercially viable. (comercialmente viável)

bring (sth) to fruition
Do you have dreams that you want to bring to fruition in your life? The realization or fulfilment of a plan or project.
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if a plan, project etc is brought to fruition, it is successfully put into action and completed, often after a long process
Many people have worked together to bring this scheme to fruition. (levar a bom termo)

Tatty stands for ragged; shabby. worn and shabby; in poor condition.
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in bad condition
a few tatty old chairs. (surrado)

Exhausted, tried; bored or lacking enthusiasm. Bored or lacking enthusiasm, typically after had too much of something.
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someone who is jaded is no longer interested in or excited by something, usually because they have experienced too much of it
The concert should satisfy even the most jaded critic. (cansado)

Famous or well known, typically for some bad quality or deed. (deed: feito)
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famous or well known for something bad
notorious cases of human rights abuses.(notório)

to proceed or work rapidly or energetically: to hustle about putting a house in order.
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to do something with a lot of energy and determination
Cindy’s not a great player, but she really hustles. (azáfama)

Do you bend or break?
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the ability to become strong, happy, or successful again after a difficult situation or event
People showed remarkable resilience during the war. (resiliência)

The Prerequisite for Unconditional Love? Forgiveness
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something that is necessary before something else can happen or be done
A reasonable proficiency in English is a prerequisite for the course. (pré-requisito)

relating to tailoring, clothes, or style of dress. "sartorial elegance"
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relating to clothes, especially the style of clothes that a man wears – used especially humorously
a man of great sartorial elegance. (de moda; das roupas; da indumentária)

very poor or bad. "the service is usually lousy." awful, terrible, appalling, very bad, atrocious, desperate, unspeakable, frightful, miserable
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of very bad quality
What lousy weather! (péssimo)

an area of fairly level high ground. "a windswept plateau" a state of little or no change following a period of activity or progress. "the peace process had reached a plateau"
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a period during which the level of something does not change, especially after a period when it was increasing
Inflation rates have reached a plateau. (planalto, patamar)

inborn; natural. "her innate capacity for organization" inborn, natural, inbred, congenital, inherent, intrinsic, instinctive, intuitive, spontaneous, unlearned, untaught
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an innate quality or ability is something you are born with
Children have an innate ability to learn language. (inato)

a difficult situation or problem. "the insoluble dilemma of adolescence"
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a situation in which it is very difficult to decide what to do, because all the choices seem equally good or equally bad
a moral dilemma (dilema)

publicly praised; celebrated. "the band released their critically acclaimed debut in 1994"
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publicly praised by a lot of people
His work was critically acclaimed. (apoteótico, aclamado)

(something that hides something unpleasant or unwanted: She managed to hide her corrupt dealings under a veneer of respectability.
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behaviour that hides someone’s real character or feelings
A thin veneer of politeness hid Lady Bride’s growing anger. (aparência)

(of a film or image) made using animation techniques. "an animated version of the classic fairy tale"
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a film or programme that shows pictures, clay models etc that seem to be really moving
an animated Disney film. (animado)

match or surpass (a person or achievement), typically by imitation. imitate, copy, reproduce, mimic, mirror, echo, follow, model oneself on, take as a model, take as an example.
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to do something or behave in the same way as someone else, especially because you admire them
He hoped to emulate the success of Wilder.(emular)

producing a great deal of profit. profitable, profit-making, gainful, remunerative, moneymaking
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a job or activity that is lucrative lets you earn a lot of money
He inherited a lucrative business from his father."a lucrative career as a stand-up comedian" (lucrativo)

take (sth) into consideration
If you take something into consideration, you think about it because it is relevant to what you are doing.
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to remember to think about something important when you are making a decision or judgement
We will take your recent illness into consideration when marking your exams. (levar em consideração)

hark back
If someone harks back to something in the past, they talk about it again and again, often in a way that annoys other people
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to remember and talk about things that happened in the past
Stop harking back to the past and start looking to the future. (voltar atrás)

tag along
I don't know her, she just tagged along with us.
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to go somewhere with someone, especially when they have not asked you to go with them
Susan's little sister tagged along with us everywhere we went. (seguir, acompanhar)

get your teeth into
work energetically and productively on (a task).
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to start to do something with a lot of energy and determination
I can’t wait to get my teeth into the new course. "the course gives students something to get their teeth into" (coloque os seus dentes)

thrive on
to do well in a particular kind of situation She thrives on attention. He actually thrives on stress.
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to enjoy or be successful in a particular situation, especially one that other people find difficult or unpleasant
Unlike most of us, she seems to thrive on pressure. (desenvolver-se, crescer bem, prosperar)

in difficulties, under pressure, under stress, troubled, with one's back to the wall, with one's back up against the wall, in a tight corner, in a tight spot, between a rock and a hard place
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having a lot of problems and not enough money or time
The new exams will only add to the workload of already hard-pressed teachers. (duramente pressionado, embaraçado)

just good enough to be acceptable; satisfactory.
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fairly good, but not excellent
He can do a passable imitation of the maths teacher. "he spoke passable English" (passável)

act against (something) in order to reduce its force or neutralize it.
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to reduce or prevent the bad effect of something, by doing something that has the opposite effect
They gave him drugs to counteract his withdrawal symptoms."should we deliberately intervene in the climate system to counteract global warming?" (contrariar); abstinência

When two or more people interact for a long enough time, conflict happens. It's inevitable.
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certain to happen and impossible to avoid
A further escalation of the crisis now seems inevitable. (inevitável)

tending to spend much time seated; somewhat inactive.
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spending a lot of time sitting down, and not moving or exercising very much
health problems caused by our sedentary lifestyles. "we all walk a certain amount every day even if we are sedentary" (sedentário)

extremely amusing. "her hilarious novel" very funny, extremely amusing, hysterically funny
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extremely funny
a hilarious story (hilário)

expert skill or knowledge in a particular field. "technical expertise"
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special skills or knowledge in a particular subject, that you learn by experience or training
What he’s bringing to the company is financial expertise. (perícia, especialidade)

different to what is usual or expected; strange. strange, peculiar, weird, queer, funny, bizarre, eccentric, unusual, idiosyncratic, unconventional, outlandish, offbeat
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a few occasions, days etc that happen at various times but not often and not regularly
"the neighbours thought him very odd". I take the odd day off work. (ímpar)

reciprocal, reciprocated, requited, returned, give-and-take, interchangeable, interactive, complementary, correlative
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mutual feelings such as respect, trust, or hatred are feelings that two or more people have for each other
Mutual respect is necessary for any partnership to work. (mútuo)

used to classify something in terms of its position on a scale between two extreme points.
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a complete range of opinions, people, situations etc, going from one extreme to its opposite
The two articles here represent opposite ends of the spectrum. "the left or the right of the political spectrum" (espectro)

The nonphysical consciousness of a person.
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the special quality or part that gives something its true character
Basho’s poems capture the true soul of old Japan. (alma)

the theatrical technique of suggesting action, character, or emotion without words, using only gesture, expression, and movement.
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the use of movements to express what you want to say without using words, or a play where the actors use only movements
The children learn through role-play, dance and mime. "mime is part of our cultural heritage" (mímica, fazer mímica)

to go as far as or past the usual limit of something
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to make someone use all of their skill, abilities, or intelligence
The work’s too easy. The students aren’t being stretched enough. We can't work any harder, Paul. We're already fully stretched.

a prolonged high-pitched cry of pain, grief, or anger.
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to make a long high sound
The wind wailed in the chimney. "Christopher let out a wail" (chorar, gemer)

an event causing great suffering, destruction, and distress, such as a serious accident, crime, or natural catastrophe
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a serious play or book that ends sadly, especially with the death of the main character
‘Hamlet’ is one of Shakespeare’s best known tragedies. (tragédia)

the art or occupation of performing fictional roles in plays, films, or television.
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the job or skill of performing in plays or films
(teatro, atuação, ação)

performing arts
forms of creative activity that are performed in front of an audience, such as drama, music, and dance.
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Performing arts are a form of art in which artists use their voices, bodies or inanimate objects to convey artistic expression.
Theatre, music, dance and object manipulation, and other kinds of performances are present in all human cultures. (artes cénicas)

the action of teaching a person or animal a particular skill or type of behaviour.
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the process of teaching or learning the skills for a particular job or activity
(formação, treino)

an experienced and trusted adviser.
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someone who advises and helps a less experienced person
(mentor, conselheiro)

the treatment and instruction received by a child from its parents throughout its childhood.
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the way that your parents care for you and teach you to behave when you are a child
He had a strict upbringing. (educação, censura, repreensão)

family background
circumstances, context, conditions, situation, environment, milieu, scene, scenario, framework, atmosphere
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Your background is the kind of family you come from and the kind of education you have had.
(antecedentes familiares)

innate talent
existing in one from birth; inborn; native: innate musical talent.
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Scientists have long argued over the relative contributions of practice and native talent to the development of elite performance.
If you are not improving, it's not because you lack innate talent. It's because you're not practising the right way. (talento inato)

lucky break
a fortunate and unexpected turn of events
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a piece of good luck, especially one that leads to success.
he got the lucky break that helped him enter showbiz. (golpe de sorte)

all of something. all, every part, everything, the lot, the sum, the sum total, the aggregate
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complete or not divided
One word can change the whole meaning of a sentence. "the effects will last for the whole of his life"

The visible gestures of a conductor are known as conducting.
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someone who conducts a group of musicians or singers. a person who leads a musical ensemble.
maestro -trina, chefe de orquestra

a great/good deal
I spend a great deal of time abroad.
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a large quantity of something. something considered to be important
muito, bastante

Soon she was juggling five eggs.
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to keep three or more balls, plates etc moving through the air by throwing and catching them very quickly
fazer malabarismo

Stiltwalking has been part of legends, rituals and festivals from around the world for millennia, especially in celebrations of growth and achievement, or just for having a high old time!
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stilts: a pair of poles you can stand on, used for walking high above the ground
andar em andas

Great busking spots often include outside bus shelters, closed down shops or on the corner of a busy street.
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busk to play music in a public place to earn money
Em inglês britânico, to busk significa cantar ou tocar um instrumento num lugar público em troca de esmolas dos transeuntes.

flash mobs
Flash mobs were invented as a fun social experiment meant to encourage spontaneity
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A flash mob is defined as "a group of people who organize on the Internet and then quickly assemble in a public place, do something bizarre, and disperse."
mobilização repentina de pessoas organizada através da internet

I skimmed through the list, but my name wasn’t there.
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to read something quickly to find the main facts or ideas in it
ler por alto, folhear rapidamente

run dry
Supplies of vaccines could run dry if there is an epidemic.
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if a supply of something such as money runs dry, there is no more of it left

Wow I have a lot of people to disappoint.
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a group of people or things considered together
muitas pessoas

a taut rope. Victoria's Secret model Doutzen Kroes shows off her taut stomach during Miami family
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stretched tight
bem esticado, retesado

The cat slunk behind the chair.
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to move somewhere quietly and secretly

We went backstage after the show to meet the actors. backstage workers
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behind the stage in a theatre
nos bastidores

The premiere on Monday is sold out.
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if a concert, film etc is sold out, all the tickets have been sold
esgotado [livro, bilhetes, etc.], com os bilhetes esgotados, lotado [espetáculo, jogo, etc.]

grim economic news When he lost his job, his future looked grim.
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making you feel worried and unhappy
sombrio, desanimador, lúgubre, deprimente

He was a nasty man who despised children.
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to hate someone very much
desprezar, menosprezar

Now where have I put that blessed book?
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used to show that you are annoyed
bem aventurado

I feel like my life is bland and I need to make meaning of it even though Idk how.
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without any excitement, strong opinions, or special qualities
insípido, insosso, pouco interessante

How to build an e-commerce brand that outshines all competition
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to be much better at something than someone else

out of sync
totally out of sync with reality.
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working at a different time or speed or in a different way
fora de sincronia

It’s a Catch-22 situation because you can’t get a job without experience and you can’t get experience without a job.
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a situation in which, whatever you do, you are prevented from achieving what you want
significado idiomático para uma situação sem saída, uma armadilha

They are old chums
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a good friend, pal, or buddy

scrounge something off/from somebody I’ll try to scrounge some money off my dad.
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to get money or something you want by asking other people for it
cravar He’s always scrounging cigarettes from me. Ele passa a vida a cravar-me cigarros.

You're doing it for the exposure.
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when someone is put in a situation where they are not protected from something harmful

Despite his illness, Ron never despaired.
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to feel that there is no hope at all
perder a esperança de fazer alguma coisa

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sparkle: to shine with small bright flashes
com olhos brilhantes

a flamboyant style of choreography
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the art of arranging how dancers should move during a performance

"the stage was small and the auditorium had only 366 seats"
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the part of a theatre where people sit to watch a performance

"his philosophy inspired a later generation of environmentalists"
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to encourage someone and make them want to do something
motivar, inspirar

"I went backstage after the show". "we planned our strategies backstage". in secret.
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behind the stage in a theatre
nos bastidores

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