British council

 0    196 flashcards    joannasokolovska
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Question Answer
nieciekawy, nudny
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dull
chaotyczny, niemożliwy do zarządzania.
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chaotic, unable to be managed.
zwarty
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compact
zanieczyszczone
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polluted
malowniczy
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picturesque
dobrze prowadzony
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well-run
wyczerpany, zniszczony, zużyty
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run-down
zamożny, having a great deal of money; wealthy.
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affluent
przeciążony, so crowded with traffic or people as to hinder or prevent freedom of movement.
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congested
rozrastającego się miasta
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sprawling city
wibrujący, full of energy and life
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vibrant
nieskazitelny, absolutely clean or pure; immaculate
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spotless
ciepło i wilgotno
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hot and humid
popisywanie się, boastfully display one's abilities or accomplishments
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showing off in a rich or overly showy way.
There's a lot of conspicuous consumption with people showing off their wealth.
dławić, have severe difficulty in breathing because of a constricted or obstructed throat or a lack of air.
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choke
The smog is awful - you have to wear a mask or you'd choke on the fumes.
skazany, close and don't allow enter
sentenced to a particular punishment, especially death.
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condemned
condemned prisoners awaiting execution. The area is a slum. A lot of buildings should just be condemned and rebuilt.
rozbojów
an act of attacking and robbing someone in a public place.
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muggings
he was the victim of a brutal mugging. The crime rate is pretty high. There are a lot muggings and shootings.
płynnie,
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smoothly
There's a big network of buses and trams and it all runs very smoothly.
czołgać się wzdłuż
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crawl along
The cars just crawl along most of the time - you might as well walk.
upuszczanie
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dropping
There's not a trace of litter anywhere. Apparently you can get fined heavily for dropping it.
bogactwo
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wealth
ostatencyjna konsumpcja
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conspicuous consumption
bogaty
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well-off
choosing
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going in for
But it isn't just celebrities who are going in for strange-sounding names
becoming stranger and more unusual to you
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increasingly outlandish
my pupils have increasingly outlandish names
reach a power of
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reach the top of the tree
so what kind of name does it take to reach the top of the tree, career-wise
In terms of one's career
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career-wise
so easy decided
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cut and dried
But can the impact of a first name really be that cut and dried?
when company calls potential employee
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call backs
The name Lauren got five times more call-backs than Lashanda
przynęta
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bait
capture attention
żądanie okupu
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ransom demand
gra w klasy
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hopscotch
dull
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mind-numbingly
zatrzymać zainteresowanie
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grip
to get and hold the interest or attention of sth
pozbawiony czegoś
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deprived of sth
to take something away from someone or something
do rozwiązania coś, radzić sobie z czymś trudnym
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to tackle something
to deal with something difficult
protest
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a protest
sth said or done that shows disagreement with or disapproval of sth
narzucić coś
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to impose something
to cause
kolejny
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subsequent
happening or coming after something else
zanieczyszczony
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contaminated
Over the years, many factories closed down and thousands of people abandoned the city, leaving contaminated land and large numbers of condemned buildings.
spadek koniunktury
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downturn
However, during the latter part of that decade the city was hit by an economic downturn that saw many factories close down and unemployment soar.
drugi
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latter
przejść
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undergo
go through
wlać, inwestować
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pour
invest
The government will have invested 3 billion into the transport system
powalić
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knock down
demolish
the slums were knocked down to make way for a golf course and the inhabitants were re-housed nearby
zaniedbany
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run-down
neglected
the whole area has become run-down and the council has managed to secure EU funding to halt the decline
wprowadzać
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bring in
impose
in order to ease congestion the government brought in restrictions on car use.
trzymający w napięciu
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grip
to get and hold the interest or attention of someone
pozbawieni
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deprived of
to take something away from someone or something; to not allow (someone or something) to have or keep (something)
radzić sobie z czymś trudny.
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to tackle something
to deal with
protest
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a protest
something said or done that shows disagreement with or disapproval of something
narzucić coś
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to impose something
to cause (something, such as a tax, fine, rule or punishment)
kolejny
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subsequent
happening or coming after something else
odwracać
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divert
to change the direction or use of sth
doładowania
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boost
an increase in amount
zamiana
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swap
an act of giving or taking one thing in return for another thing
prosperować
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flourish
to be very successful
zanieczyszczony
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contaminated
to make sth dangerous dirty or impure by adding sth harmful or undesirable to it
zatrzymać
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halt
to stop
do rozpoczęcia
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to embark on
to begin
pasmo
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strand
one of the parts of sth that is very complicated
podjazd
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driveway
upadek
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collapse
rzucili się do szpitala
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rushed to hospital
bochenek chleba
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loaf of bread
zabraknie
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run out of
wykapany
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the spitting image
pełne po brzegi
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full to the brim
sporadycznie
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on and off
na chybił trafił
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hit and miss
unpredictable
opłata
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fare
od czasu do czasu
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every now and then
I still like to party every now and then but I've calmed down a lot
spokojne
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peace and quiet
It's quite hard to find peace and quiet in the city
długi i ciężko
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long and hard
I thought long and hard about it before deciding
tu i tam
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here and there
it's a fairly affluent area but there are still little pockets of poverty here and there
zmęczony
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sick and tired
I can't take it anymore. I'm sick and tired of the constant noise
Prawo i porządek
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law and order
after the hurricane struck there was a complete breakdown of law and order in the city
zasady i przepisy
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ruls and regulations
the city's being ruined by the ever-growing number of stupid rules and regulations
przede wszystkim
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first and foremost
Cities should be first and foremost places for kids
przejść, doświadczyć
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undergo
The city has gone through huge changes in recent years - not entirely for the better
nałożone
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imposed
in order to ease congestion the government brought in restrictions on car use
szybować, wzrosnąć
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soar
crime had gone up a lot in the 1980s and the mayor's zero-tolerance policy was credited with reversing the trend
zwykły
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sheer
smuga
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streak
wredny
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bitchy
wyluzowany
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laid-back
w równym stopniu przyczynić się do
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contribute equally to
szczycić się czymś
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pride oneself on something
może się okazać
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may well prove to be
pozostaje wysoce kwestionowany
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remains highly contested
zderzenie
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clash
wykryć oznaki
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detect the signs of
bogactwo badań
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a wealth of studies
wyjdź, dowiedz się
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sound out, find out
uporządkować
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sort out
zawężenia
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narrow down
zostać poddane
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be subjected to
lokal
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premises
spór
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dispute
rozpoczęcia
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embark on
rozdać
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give away
dochodzić do skutku
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go through
go through huge changes
powalić
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knock down
knock down the slums
określono
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set out
set out an ambitious plan
utworzyć
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set up
set up a recycling center
przejąć
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take over
take over the bathroom
tam i z powrotem
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back and forth
when he's bored he'll start running back and forth along the fence
godzić się
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kiss and make up
Paul and nicole often argue but they always kiss and make up
dawać i brać
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give and take
when two parties negotiate they usually expect give and take
Prawo i porządek
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law and order
the government had to call in military forces to maintain law and order
spór
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dispute
zwykły
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sheer
smuga
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streak
ostrożny
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cautious
przejść
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undergo
nakładać
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impose
uporządkować
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sort out
gościnność
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hospitality
welcoming and being kind to guests
The people are incredibly welcoming because hospitality is central to the culture
odpowiadać, odpowiednio się zachowywać
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conform
to behave in a way that accepts the rules and expectations of your society
It is quite conservative so if you don't conform life can be quite difficult
odgrywać rolę
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play a role
to be involved or have an effect on something
Religion plays a powerful role in society
biurokratyczny
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bureaucratic
relating to complicated rules and processes used by an organization, especially when they do not seem necessary
koncentrują się wokół
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revolve around
to have something or someone as the only interest or subject
świecki
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secular
not religious
tracą kontakt z
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lose touch with
to no longer have recent knowledge of something or someone, so that you don't understand that thing or person well
ingerować
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interfere
to involve yourself in a situation when your involvement is not wanted or is not helpful
żyć i pozwolić żyć
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to live and let live
said to mean that people should accept the way other people live and behave, especially if they do things in a different way
twardy
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tough
difficult
perspektywy
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outlook
future situation
klasa (grupa ludzi)
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class
a group of people within society who have the same economic and social position
mobilność społeczna
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social mobility
the ability to move from one level of society to another
wyśmiewać
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take the mickey
to laugh at someone and make them seem silly in a funny or unkind way
powściągliwy
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reserved
keeping your thoughts and feelings private
powierzchowny
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superficial
on the surface only, not deep
surowy
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harsh
That's a bit harsh, isn't it?
próżny
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vain
wróć na proste
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get back on the straight and narrow
What will help him get back on the straight and narrow, according to his grandfather
nie chce się wycofać
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unwilling to back down
what do you think Toby was unwilling to back down
zwierzyć się komuś
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confide to someone
sprowadzać się do czegoś
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come down to something
być w wyjątkowo dobrym zdrowiu
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be in remarkably good health
wnieść, wprowadzać
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bring sth in
bring in new restrictions
powalić
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knock down
he took over the kitchen all day yesterday so he could bake some cakes
określono, ustalono
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set out
set out an ambitious plan
rozdać
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give away
give away his millions
dochodzić do skutku
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go through
trzymać się
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stick to
stick to your principles
rozpoczęcia
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embark on
embark on strategy
wymagający
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a bit of a handful
a lot of work
rozpłakała się
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burst into tears
niepewny
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unsteady
podatne na
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prone to
wybuch
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outburst
odpowiadając w niegrzeczny sposób
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answering back
stanowczo
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point blank
he just refused point blank
chętny się wycofać
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willing to back down
and then we got this ridiculous confrontation with neither of us willing to back down
radzić sobie
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take sth in one's stride
to calmly deal with something that is unpleasant and not let it affect what you're doing
there are often problems at work but she seems to take it all in her stride
przechodzenie przez trudny okres / trudny okres
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going through a difficult period / rough patch
wątły
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frail
mocny cios
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sever blow
wypisać ze szpitala
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discharge
zadowolony, beztroski, bez motywacji
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complacent
showing smug or uncritical satisfaction with oneself or one's achievements.
"you can't afford to be complacent about security"
rozjaśnić, rozchmurzyć się
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lighten up
wysmoktać, podlizywać się do kogoś
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suck up
ucichnie, rozdmuchać
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blow over
uciec
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to leg it
stanąć w obronie
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stand up for
support
he was determined to stand up for what he believed was right
gruntowny, szczegółowy
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thorough
pilnować
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keep an eye on
take care of someone
will you keep an eye on the children while I'm out
w oczach opinii publicznej
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in the public eye
actors and politicians are always in the public eye
patrz oko w oko, zgadzać się
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see eye to eye
be in agreement
they just don't see eye to eye
być w dobrych stosunkach
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hit it off
become good friends
wywołać zainteresowanie
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spark an intrest
to cause the start of something
współpracować z kimś w sprawie projektu
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collaborate with someone on a project
nie odzywać się do kogoś
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not on speaking terms
when you refuse to speak to someone because you are angry with him/her
na po imieniu
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on first-name terms
dostać się na czyjeś nerwy
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get on someone's nerves
uspokoić ludzi
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put people at their ease
trzymać się siebie
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keep ourselves to ourselves
I don't really know any of them as we tend to keep ourselves to ourselves
wyciągnąć własnego ciężaru
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pull one's weight
to do your share of work
He doesn't tend to pull his weight, which causes some friction in the office
panna młoda
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the bride
przechodzić
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go through
go through huge changes
wsiadać (np. do autobusu), być w dobrych kontaktach
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get on
we've always got on very well
kończy się
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end up
podkochiwać się w kimś
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to fancy somebody
to fall in love with sb
wstąpić w związek małżeński
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to tie the knot
to get married
pieluszka
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diaper
wieniec
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wreath
rozstać się
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to split up
to break up
poprosić o rękę
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to pop the question / to propose to sb
stracić kontakt, oddalić się od siebie
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to drift apart
lubieć kogoś
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to hit it off with sb
to start to like sb who you meet for the first time
być ogromnym sukcesem
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be a roaring success
chciwy
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greedy
wpaść na kogoś
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to bump into
porządnie
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neatly
się być na krawędzi
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to be on the brink of

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